Due to increased load, please note the following delivery schedule changes: Bomaderry (Monday, Wednesday, Friday) and Nowra (Monday Wednesday Thursday).

Sutton Application Guide

Public Channel / Catalogues

Share on Social Networks

Share Link

Use permanent link to share in social media

Share with a friend

Please login to send this document by email!

Post comment with email address (confirmation of email is required in order to publish comment on website) or please login to post comment

1. Technical Information - Speeds & feeds charts - Troubleshooting charts - General - Drills - Taps - Endmills - Reamers INFORMATION

72.

5. Our Expert Tool Selector provides easy step-by-step detailed information that includes: • Fast and easy to use tool selection system • High speed navigation • Quickly search by product description or catalogue number • Material classifications • Suitable tool and machining data, based on the latest research • Animated demonstrations of machining processes • Stock availability Online product advice has never been easier with Sutton Tools’ revolutionary Expert Tools Selector. The Sutton Tools Expert Tools Selector will recommend the correct tool for your specific application with everything from suitable coolant choices through to cutting calculations. Online material based product selection... Expert Tool Selector

21. Our Expert Tool Selector provides easy step-by-step detailed information that includes: • Fast and easy to use tool selection system • High speed navigation • Quickly search by product description or catalogue number • Material classifications • Suitable tool and machining data, based on the latest research • Animated demonstrations of machining processes • Stock availability Online product advice has never been easier with Sutton Tools’ revolutionary Expert Tools Selector. The Sutton Tools Expert Tools Selector will recommend the correct tool for your specific application with everything from suitable coolant choices through to cutting calculations. Online material based product selection... Expert Tool Selector

9. 385 Material Group WKR DIN BS EN AFNOR UNI UNE SS JIS AISI / SAE / UNS ISO VDI^ 3323 Germany Germany U.K. U.K. France Italy Spain Sweden Japan USA S 31 1.4558 X 2 NiCrAITi 32 20 NA 15 N 08800 31 1.4562 X 1 NiCrMoCu 32 28 7 N 08031 31 1.4563 X 1 NiCrMoCuN 31 27 4 2584 N 08028 31 1.4864 X 12 NiCrSi 36 16 NA 17 Z 12 NCS 35.16 SUH 330 INCOLOY DS,, N08330 31 1.4865 G-X40NiCrSi38 18 330 C 40 XG50NiCr39 19 SCH15 N 08004 31 1.4958 X 5 NiCrAITi 31 20 31 2.4668 NiCr19NbMo NC20K14 AMS 5544 32 1.4977 X 40 CoCrNi 20 20 Z 42 CNKDWNb 33 2.4360 NiCu30Fe NA 13 NU 30 Monel 400 33 2.4603 NC22FeD 5390A 33 2.4610 NiMo16cR16Ti Hastelloy C-4 33 2.4630 NiCr20Ti HR 5,203-4 NC 20 T Nimonic 75 33 2.4642 NiC29Fe Nnc 30 Fe lnconel 690 33 2.4856 NiCr22Mo9Nb NA 21 NC 22 FeDNb INCONEL 625, N 26625 33 2.4858 NiCr21Mo NA 16 NC 21 Fe DU lncoloy 825 34 2.4375 NiCu30 Al NA 18 NU 30 AT Monel k-500 34 2.4631 NiCr20TiAI Hr40;601, NA 20 NC20TA N 07080 34 2.4668 NiCr19FeNbMo NC 19 Fe Nb lnconel 718 34 2.4694 NiCr16fE7TiAl lnconel 34 2.4955 NiFe25Cr20NbTi 34 2.4668 NiCr19Fe19NbMo HR8 NC19eNB 5383 34 2 4670 S-NiCr13A16MoNb 3146-3 NC12AD 5391 34 2.4662 NiFe35Cr14MoTi ZSNCDT42 5660 34 2.4964 CoCr20W15Ni KC20WN 5537C 34 C0Cr22W14Ni KC22WN AMS 5772 35 2.4669 NiCr15Fe7TiAl NC 15 TNb A lnconel X-750 35 2.4685 G-NiMo28 Hastelloy B 35 2.4810 G-NiMo30 Hastelloy C 35 2.4973 NiCr19Co11MoTi NC19KDT AMS 5399 35 3.7115 TiAl5Sn2 36 3.7025 Ti 1 2 TA 1 R 50250 36 3.7225 Ti 1 pd TP 1 R 52250 36 2 4674 NiCo15Cr10MoAITi AMS 5397 37 3.7124 TiCu2 2 TA 21-24 37 3.7145 TiAl6Sn2Zr4Mo2Si R 54620 37 3.7165 TiAl6V4 TA 10-13;TA 28 T-A 6 V 37 3.7185 TiAl4Mo4Sn2 TA 45-51; TA 57 37 3.7195 TiAl 3 V 2.5 37 TiAl4Mo4Sn4Si0.5 37 TiAl5Sn2.5 TA14/17 T-A5E AMS R54520 37 TiAl6V4 TA10-13/TA28 T-A6V AMS R56400 37 TiAl6V4ELI TA11 AMS R56401 H 38 1.1545 C 105 W1 BW 1A Y1 105 C 100 KU F-5118 1880 SK 3 W 1 38 1.2762 75 CrMoNiW 6 7 38 1.4125 X105 CrMo 17 Z 100 CD 17 440C 38 1.6746 32 nIcRmO 14 5 832 M 31 35 NCD 14 40 0.9620 G-X 260 NiCr 4 2 Grade 2 A 0512-00 Ni- Hard 2 40 0.9625 G-X 330 Ni Cr 4 2 Grade 2 B Ni- Hard 1 40 0.9630 G-X 300 CrNiSi 9 5 2 0513-00 Ni-Hard 4 40 0.9640 G-X 300 CrMoNi 15 2 1 40 0.9650 G-X 260 Cr 27 Grade 3 D A 532 lll A 25% Cr 40 0.9655 G-X 300 CrNMo 27 1 Grade 3 E A 532 lll A 25% Cr 40 1.2419 105 WCr 6 105WC 13 0466-00 40 1.4841 X15 CrNiSi 25 20 314 S31 Z 15 CNS 25-20 310 41 0.9635 G-X 300 CrMo 15 3 41 0.9645 G-X 260 CrMoNi 20 2 1 107 WCr 5 KU

6. 382 Material Group WKR DIN BS EN AFNOR UNI UNE SS JIS AISI / SAE / UNS ISO VDI^ 3323 Germany Germany U.K. U.K. France Italy Spain Sweden Japan USA P 1 1.0402 C 22 050 A 20 2C CC20 C 20 , C 21 F.112 1450 1020, G 10200 1 1.0715 9 SMn 28 230 M 07 S250 CF 9 SMn 28 11SMn28 1912 SUM 22 1213, G 12130 1 1.0722 10 SPb 20 10PbF2 CF 10 SPb 20 10SPb20 11 L 08 1 1.0736 9 SMn 36 240 M 07 1B S300 CF 9 SMn 36 12SMN35 1215, G 12150 1 1.0737 9 SMnPb 36 S300Pb CF 9 SMnPb 36 12SMnP35 1926 12 L 14, G 12144 1 1.0401 C 15 080 M 15 CS CC12 C16 F.111 1350 S 15 CK 1015, G 10170 1 1.0718 9 SMnPb 28 S250Pb CF 9 SMnPb 28 11SMnPb28 1914 SUM 22 L 12 L 13, G 12134 1 1.1141 Ck 15 080 M 15 32C XC12 , XC15 , XC18 C15 1370 S15C 1015, G 10170 2 1.1170 28 Mn 6 150 M 28 14A 20M5 C 28 Mn SCMn 1 1330 2 / 3 1.0501 C 35 060 A 35 CC35 C 35 F.113 1550 S 35 C 1035, G 10350 2 / 3 1.0503 C 45 080 M 46 CC45 C 45 F.114 1650 S45C 1045, G 10430 2 / 3 1.1191 Ck 45 080 M 46 C 45 F.1140 1672 S48C 1045, G 10420 2 / 3 1.0726 35 S 20 212 M 36 8M 35 MF 4 F.210.G 1957 1140, G 11400 2 / 3 1.1157 40 Mn 4 150 M 36 15 35 M 5 1039, G10390 2 / 3 1.1167 36 Mn 5 150 M 36 40 M 5 F.411 2120 SMn438(H) 1335, G 13350 4 / 5 1.0535 C 55 070 M 55 C 55 F.1150 1655 S 55 C 1055 4 / 5 1.0601 C 60 080 A 62 43D CC 55 C 60 S 58 C 1060, G 10600 4 / 5 1.1203 Ck 55 070 M 55 XC 55 C 50 1655 S 55 C 1055 4 / 5 1.1221 Ck 60 080 A 62 43D XC 60 C 60 F.1150 1665; 1678 S 58 C 1060, G 10640 4 / 5 1.1545 C 105 W1 BW 1A C 100 KU F.5118 1880 SK 3 W 110, T 72301 4 / 5 1.1274 Ck 101 060 A 96 F.5117 1870 SUP 4 1095, G 10950 5 / 9 1.5120 38 MnSi 4 6 / 7 1.6657 10 NiCrMo 13-4 832 M 13 36C 15 NiCrMo 13 14NiCrMo131 6 / 7 1.5423 16 Mo 5 1503-245-420 16 Mo 5 16Mo5 SB 450 M 4520, G 45200 6 / 7 1.7131 16 MnCr 5 527 M 17 16 MC 5 16 MnCr 5 F.1516 2511 SCR 415 5115, G 51170 6 / 7 1.5622 14 Ni 6 16 N 6 14 Ni 6 15Ni6 A350LF5 6 / 7 1.5415 15 Mo 3 1501-240 15 D 3 16 Mo 3 16Mo3 2912 A204GrA 6 / 7 1.5752 14 NiCr 14 655 M 13 36A 12 NC 15 SNC 815 (H) 3310, 3415, 9314, G 33106 6 / 7 1.6587 17 CrNiMo 6 820 A 16 18 NCD 6 18 NiCrMo 7 6 / 7 1.7262 15 CrMo 5 12 CD 4 12 CrMo 4 12CrMo4 2216 6 / 7 1.7335 13 CrMo 4-4 1501-620 Gr. 27 15 CD 3.5 14 CrMo 4 5 14CrMo45 2216 A 182-F11, F12 6 / 7 1.7380 10 CrMo 9-10 1501-622 Gr. 31, 45 10 CD 9.10 12 CrMo 9 10 F.155 2218 A 182-F22, J 21890 6 / 7 1.7715 14 MoV 6-3 1503-660-440 6 / 7 1.7015 10 Cr 3 523 M 15 12 C 3 SCr 415 (H) 5015, G 50150 6 / 8 1.7033 34 Cr 4 530 A 32 18B 32 C 4 34 Cr 4 (KB) SCr 430 (H) 5132, G 51320 6 / 8 1.7218 25 CrMo 4 1717 CDS 110 25 CD 4 S 25 CrMo 4 (KB) F.1251 2225 SCM 420, SCM 430 4130, G 41300 6 / 8 1.6523 21 NiCrMo 2 805 M 20 362 20 NCD 2 20 NiCrMo 2 F.1522 2506 SNCM 220 (H) 8620, G 86170 6 / 9 1.7220 34 CrMo 4 708 A 37 35 CD 4 35 CrMo 4 2234 SCM 432, SCCrM 3 4135, 4137, G 41350 6 / 9 1.7225 42 CrMo 4 708 M 40 42 CD 4 42 CrMo 4 2244 SCM 440 (H) 4140, 4142, G 41400 6 / 9 1.8509 41 CrAIMo 7 905 M 39 41B 40 CAD 6.12 41 CrAlMo 7 SACM 645 A355GrA, K 24065 6 / 9 1.0961 60 SiCr 7 60 SC 7 60 SiCr 8 9262 6 / 9 1.2067 100 Cr 6 BL 3 L 3, T 61203 6 / 9 1.2419 105 WCr 6 105 WC 13 107 WCr 5 KU 2140 SKS 31 6 / 9 1.2542 45 WCrV 7 BS 1 45 WCrV 8 KU 2710 S 1, T 41901 6 / 9 1.2713 55 NiCrMoV 6 55 NCDV 7 F.520.S SKT 4 L 6, T 61206 6 / 9 1.7035 41 Cr 4 530 M 40 18 42 C 4 41 Cr 4 SCr 440 (H) 5140, G 51400 6 / 9 1.7176 55 Cr 3 527 A 60 48 55 C 3 55 Cr 3 2253 SUP 9 (A) 5155, G 51550 6 / 9 1.6546 40 NiCrMo 2-2 311-Type 7 40 NCD 2 40 NiCrMo 2 (KB) SNCM 240 8740, G 87400 6 / 9 1.6511 36 CrNiMo 4 816 M 40 110 40 NCD 3 38 NiCrMo 4 (KB) 9840, G 98400 6 / 9 1.6582 34 CrNiMo 6 817 M 40 24 35 NCD 6 35 NiCrMo 6 (KW) 2541 SNCM 447 4340 6 / 9 1.7361 32 CrMo 12 722 M 24 40B 30 CD 12 32 CrMo 12 2240 6 / 9 1.8159 50 CrV 4 735 A 50 47 50 CV 4 51 CrV 4 51CrV4 2230 SUP 10 6145, 6150 6 / 9 1.8523 39 CrMoV 13-9 897 M 39 40C 36 CrMoV 13 9 6 / 9 1.8161 58 CrV 4 10 /11 1.5680 12 Ni 19 Z 18 N 5 2515 10 /11 1.2363 X100 CrMoV 5-1 BA 2 Z 100 CDV 5 X 100 CrMoV 5 1 KU F.5227 2260 SKD 12 A 2, T 30102 10 /11 1.2436 X210 CrW 12 X 215 CrW 12 1 KU F.5213 2312 SKD 2 D 4 10 /11 1.2601 X165 CrMoV 12 X 165 CrMoW 12 KU 2310 10 /11 1.3343 S 6-5-2 BM 2 Z 85 WDCV 06.05.04.02 HS 6-5-2 2722 SKH 51 M 2, T 11302 10 /11 1.2344 X40 CrMoV 5-1 BH 13 Z 40 CDV 5 X 40 CrMo 5 1 1 KU F.5318 2242 SKD 61 H 13, T 20813 Application Guide Materials - Workpiece

8. 384 Material Group WKR DIN BS EN AFNOR UNI UNE SS JIS AISI / SAE / UNS ISO VDI^ 3323 Germany Germany U.K. U.K. France Italy Spain Sweden Japan USA K 20 0.8045 GTM 35 852 20 0.8065 GTMW-65 GMB40 GTM 40 20 0.8155 GTS-55-04 P 510/4 Mn 550-4 GMB45 GTM 45 A220-50005 20 0.8165 GTS-65-02 P 570/3 Mn 650-3 0854-00 70003 20 0.8170 GTS-70-02 P 690/2 Mn 700-2 GMN 55, 65 0854-00 FCMP490 90001 20 GTS-45 P440/7 20 Mn 7 F.1515-20 Mn 6 SMnC 420 400 10 20 GTS-65 P 570/3 MP 60-3 C 36; C 38 1572 S 35 C 70003 N 21 3.0205 08 52 Al99 21 3.0255 AI99.5 L31/34/36 A59050C P-Al99.5 Al99.5 FCMP540 1000 21 3.3315 AIMg1 21 3.0505 AlMn0.5Mg0.5 21 3.0275 Al99.7 4508, 9001-3, P-Al99.7 1070A Al99.7 1070, A1070 1070A 21 3.0285 Al99.8 1080A 1080A 4590, 9001-4, P-Al99.8 1080A, 1080A 1080A, 1080A 22 3.1325 AlCuMg 1 2017A P-AlCu4MgMnSi 2017 A92017 22 3.1655 AICuSiPb 22 3.2315 AlMgSi1 22 3.4345 AIZnMgCuO,5 L 86 AZ 4 GU/9051 7050 22 3.1305 AlCuMg0.5 L86 A-U2G2117 P-AlCu2.5MgSi 2117 2117 22 3.0517 AlMnCu 23 3.2381 G-AISi 10 Mg G-AlSi9Mg A-S10G AlSi10Mg AC4A, ADC3 A03590 23 3.2382 GD-AISi10Mg 811-04 ADC3 23 3.2581 G-AISi12 LM20 A-S12U G-AlSi13CuMn AlSi12Cu AC3A A04130 23 3.3561 G-AIMg 5 AC7A, ADC5, Al-Mg6 23 3.5101 G-MgZn4sE1Zr1 MAG 5 ZE 41 23 3.5103 MgSE3Zn27r1 MAG 6 G-TR3Z2 EZ 33 23 3.5812 G-MgAI8Zn1 NMAG 1 AZ 81 23 3.5912 G-MgAI9Zn1 MAG 7 AZ 91 23 3.3549 AlMg5Mn 23 3.3555 AlMg5 23 3.3547 AlMg4.5, AlMg4.5Mn 5083 5183 P-AlMg4.4 AlMg4.5Mn 5082 A95083 23-24 3.2383 G-AISi0Mg(Cu) LM9 4253 A360.2 23-24 2789;1973 NF A32-201 A356-72 23-24 LM25 4244 A5052 356.1 23-24 G-AlSi12 LM 6 4261 A413.2 23-24 G-AlSi 12 (Cu) LM 20 4260 ADC12 A413.1 23-24 GD-AlSi12 4247 A6061 A413.0 23-24 GD-AlSi8Cu3 LM24 4250 A7075 A380.1 24 2.1871 G-AICu 4 TiMg 24 3.1754 G-AICu5Ni1,5 24 3.2163 G-AISi9Cu3 ADC10 24 3.2371 G-AISi 7 Mg AC4CH 4218 B 24 3.2373 G-AISI9MGWA A-S7G 4251 C4BS SC64D 24 3.5106 G-MgAg3SE2Zr1 mag 12 QE 22 24 G-ALMG5 LM5 A-SU12 4252 GD-AISI12 26 2.1090 G-CuSn 7 5 pb U-E 7 Z 5 pb 4 C93200 26 2.1096 G-CuSn5ZnPb LG 2 c 83600 26 2.1098 G-CuSn 2 Znpb C 83600 26 2.1182 G-CuPb15Sn LB1 U-pb 15 E 8 C23000 27 2.0240 CuZn 15 27 2.0321 CuZn 37 cz 108 CuZn 36, CuZn 37 C 2700 C27200 27 2.0590 G-CuZn40Fe 27 2.0592 G-CuZn 35 AI 1 U-Z 36 N 3 HTB 1 C 86500 27 2.1293 CuCrZr CC 102 U-Cr 0.8 Zr C 18200 28 2.0060 E-Cu57 28 2.0375 CuZn36Pb3 28 2.0966 CuAI 10 Ni 5 Fe 4 Ca 104 U-A 10 N C 63000 28 2.0975 G-CuAI 10 Ni B-148-52 28 2.1050 G-CuSn 10 CT1 c 90700 28 2.1052 G-CuSn 12 pb 2 UE 12 P C 90800 28 2.1292 G-CuCrF 35 CC1-FF C 81500 28 2.4764 CoCr20W15Ni Application Guide Materials - Workpiece

57. 433 (Fluteless) Roll Taps: Thread Size ISO Coarse UNC BSW Metric Fraction M/C Screw Gauge Pitch mm Tapping Drill mm T.P.I. Tapping Drill mm T.P.I. Tapping Drill mm M1.0 0.25 0.90 M1.1 0.25 1.00 M1.2 0.25 1.10 M1.4 0.3 1.25 M1.6 0.35 1.45 M1.7 0.35 1.55 M1.8 0.35 1.65 M2.0 0.4 1.80 M2.2 0.45 2.00 M2.3 0.4 2.10 M2.5 0.45 2.30 M2.6 0.45 2.40 M3.0 0.5 2.75 1/8 40 2.90 M3.5 0.6 3.20 #6 32 3.10 5/32 32 3.60 M4 0.7 3.70 #8 32 3.80 3/16 24 4.30 #10 24 4.30 M5 0.8 4.60 M6 1.0 5.55 1/4 20 5.80 20 5.80 5/16 18 7.30 18 7.30 M8 1.25 7.40 3/8 16 8.80 16 8.80 M10 1.50 9.30 Technical Information Tapping Drill Size Chart (Fluteless)

7. 383 Material Group WKR DIN BS EN AFNOR UNI UNE SS JIS AISI / SAE / UNS ISO VDI^ 3323 Germany Germany U.K. U.K. France Italy Spain Sweden Japan USA P 10 /11 1.2581 X30 WCrV 9-3 BH 21 Z 30 WCV 9 X 30 WCrV 9 3 KU SKD 5 H 21, T 20821 10 /11 1.2080 X210 Cr 12 BD 3 Z 200 C 12 X 210 Cr 13 KU SKD 1 D 3, T 30403 10 /11 1.3243 S 6-5-2-5 BM 35 Z 85 WDKCV 06.05.05.04.02 HS 6-5-2-5 HS 6-5-2-5 2723 SKH 55 M35 10 /11 1.3348 S 2-9-2 Z 100 DCWV 09.04.02.02 HS 2-9-2 HS 2-9-2 2782 M 7, T 11307 10 /11 1.3255 S 18-1-2-5 BT 4 Z 80 WKCV 18.05.04.0 HS 18-1-1-5 HS 18-1-1-5 SKH 3 T 4, T 12004 10 /11 1.3355 S 18-0-1 BT 1 Z 80 WCV 18.04.01 HS 18-0-1 HS 18-0-1 SKH 2 T 1, T 12001 10 /11 1.4718 X45 CrSi 9-3 401 S 45 52 Z 45 CS 9 X 45 CrSi 8 SUH 1 HNV 3, S 65007 12 /13 1.4104 X12 CrMoS 17 420 S 37 Z 10 CF 17 X 10 CrS 17 F.3117 2383 SUS 430 F 430 F, S 43020 12 /13 1.4000 X6 Cr 13 403 S 17 Z 6 C 13 X 6 Cr 13 F.3110 2301 SUS 403 403, S 40300 12 /13 1.4016 X6 Cr 17 430 S 15 60 Z 8 C 17 X 8 Cr 17 F.3113 2320 SUS 430 430, S 43000 12 /13 1.4113 X6 CrMo 17 434 S 17 Z 8 CD 17.01 X 8 CrMo 17 SUS 434 434, S 43400 12 /13 1.4006 X12 Cr 13 410 S 21 56A Z10 C 13 X 12 Cr 13 F.3401 2302 SUS 410 410 S, S 41000 12 /13 1.4001 X7 Cr 14 F.8401 SUS 429 429 12 /13 1.4871 X53 CrMnNiN 21-9 349 S 52 Z 52 CMN 21.09 X 53 CrMnNiN 21 9 SUH 35 EV 8, S 63008 12 /13 1.4034 X46 Cr 13 420 S 45 56D Z 40 C 14 X 40 Cr 14 F.3405 2304 SUS 420J2 12 /13 1.4057 X19 CrNi 17-2 431 S 29 57 Z 15 CN 16.02 X 16 CrNi 16 F.3427 2321 SUS 431 431, S 43100 12 /13 1.4313 X3 CrNi 13-4 425 C 11 Z 5 CN 13.4 X 6 CrNi 13 04 2385 SCS 5 CA 6-NM, J 91540 12 /13 1.4027 G-X20Cr14 420 C 24 56B Z 20 C 13 M SCS 2 M 14.1 1.4436 X3 CrNiMo 17-13-3 316 S 33 Z 6 CND 18.12.03 X 5 CrNiMo 17 13 2 2343 SUS 316 316, S 31600 14.1 1.4310 X10 CrNi 18-8 301 S 21 Z 12 CN 17.07 X2CrNi18 07 F.3517 2331 SUS 301 301, S 30100 14.1 1.4401 X5 CrNiMo 17-12-2 316 S 31 58J Z 6 CND 17.11 X 5 CrNiMo 17 12 F.3543 2347 SUS 316 316, S 31600 14.1 1.4429 X2CrNiMoN 17-13-3 316 S 62 Z 2 CND 17.13 Az X 2 CrNiMoN 17 13 3 2375 SUS 316 LN 316 LN, S 31653 14.1 1.4583 X6 CrNiMoNb 18-12 X 6 CrNiMoNb 17 13 318 14.1 1.4305 X10 CrNiS 18-10 303 S 21 58M Z 10 CNF 18.09 X 10 CrNi 18 09 F.3508 2346 SUS 303 303, S 30300 14.1 1.4301 X5 CrNi 18-10 304 S 15 58E Z 6 CN 18.09 X 5 CrNi 18 11 F.3504 2332 , 2333 SUS 304 304 , 304 H, S 30400 14.1 1.4571 X6 CrNiMoTi17-12-2 320 S 31 58J Z 6 CNT 17.12 X 6 CrNiMoTi 17 12 F.3535 2350 SUS 316 Ti 316 Ti, S 31635 14.1 1.4311 X2 CrNiN 18 10 304 S 62 Z 2 CN 18 .10 X2CrNiN18 10 F.3541 2371 SUS 304 LN 304 LN, S 30453 14.1 1.4308 G-X6CrNi 18-9 304 C 15 58E Z 6 CN 18.10 M 2333 SCS 13 CF-8, J 92590 14.1 1.4408 G-X6CrNiMo 18-10 316 C 16 2343 SCS 14 CF-8M, J 92900 14.1 1.4581 G-X5CrNiMoNb 18 318 C 17 Z 4 CNDNb 18.12 GX5CrNiMoNb19 11 2 SCS 22 14.2 1.4845 X12 CrNi 25-21 310 S 24 Z 12 CN 25.20 X 6 CrNi 25 20 F.331 2361 SUH 310; SUS 310 S 310 S 14.2 1.4878 X12 CrNiTi 18-9 321 S 51 58B Z6CNT18.12B F.3523 2337 SUS 321 321 14.2 1.4541 X14 CrNiTi 18-10 321 S 12 Z 6 CNT 18.10 X 6 CrNiTi 18 11 F.3523 2337 SUS 321 321 H, S 32100 14.2 1.4550 X6 CrNiNb 18-10 347 S 17 58F Z 6 CNNb 18.10 X 6 CrNiNb 18 11 F.3524 2338 SUS 347 347, S 34700 K 15 /16 0.6020 GG 20 180, 200/220, 220, Grade180, Grade260 FGL200, Ft20D G 20 FG20 120 FC200 200/225, 25B, 30, 30B 15 0.6010 GG-10 100 FT 10 D G10 0110-00 FC100 15 0.6015 GG 15 Grade 150 FT 15 D G 15 FG 15 0115-00 FC150 NO 25 B 15 0.6660 GGL-NiCr202 L-NiCuCr202 L-NC 202 0523-00 A436 Type 2 15 0.7040 GGG 40 SNG 420/12 FCS 400-12 GS400-12 FGE 38-17 0717-02 FCD400 60-40-18 16 0.6030 GG30 Grade 300 Ft 30 D G30 FG30 01 30-00 FC300 300/325, 40B, 45/50, 45B 16 0.6035 GG-35 GRADE 350 Ft35D G 35 FG 35 135 FC350 A48-50 16 0.6040 GG40 GRADE400 Ft 40 D 140 A48-60 B 16 0.7070 GGG-70 SNG700/2 EN-JS1070 FGS 700-2 GGG 70 GGG 70 07 37-01 FCD700, FCD700-2 100-70-03 17 0.7033 GGG35.3 07 17-15 Ni-ResistD-5B, S- NiCr35-3 17 0.7043 GGG-40.3 370/7 EN-JS1025 FGS 370/17 0717-15 FCD400-18L 60/40/18 17 0.7050 GGG50 SNG500/7 EN-JS1050 FGS 500/7 GGG 50 FGE50-7 0727-02 FCD500, FCD500-7 65-45-12, 70-50-05, 80-55-06 17 0.7652 GGG-NiMn 13 7 S-NiMn 137 S-Mn 137 17 0.7660 GGG-NiCr 20 2 Grade S6 S-NC 202 0772-00 A43D2, Ni-ResistD-2, S-NiCr20-2 18 0.6025 GG25 Grade260 Ft 25 D G25 FG25 0717-12 250/275, 35, 35B, 40 18 0.7060 GGG60 SNG600/3 EN-JS1060 FGS600-3 G 25 FG 25 07 32-03 FC250 100-70-03, 80-55-06, 80-60-03 18 0727-03 FCD600 A48 40 B 19 0.8055 GTW55 19 0.8135 GTS-35-10 B 340/2 Mn 35-10 GTS 35 810 19 0.8145 GTS-45-06 P 440/7 Mn 450-6 0815-00 A220-40010 19 GTS-35 B 340/12 0852-00 GMN 45 19 8 290/6 MN 32-8 19 GTS-35 B340/12 MN 35-10 0810-00 32510 20 0.8035 GTM-35 W340/3 MB35-7 814 AC4A 20 0.8040 GTW-40 W410/4 MB40-10 08 15 FCMW330

44. 420 Tensile Strength vs Hardness (≈) Tensile Strength Hardness N/mm 2 Kg/mm 2 Tons/Inch 2 Brinell [HB] Rockwell [HRC (HRB)] 400 40.8 26.0 119 69 HRB 450 45.9 29.0 133 75 HRB 500 50.1 32.4 149 81 HRB 550 56.0 35.6 163 85.5 HRB 600 61.0 38.9 178 89 HRB 650 66.2 42.1 193 92 HRB 700 71.4 45.3 208 95 HRB 750 76.5 48.5 221 97 HRB 800 81.6 51.8 238 22 HRC 850 86.7 55.1 252 25 HRC 900 91.8 58.3 266 27 HRC 1000 102.0 64.7 296 31 HRC 1100 112.2 71.2 325 35 HRC 1200 122.4 77.7 354 38 HRC 1300 132.6 84.1 383 41 HRC 1400 142.8 90.5 408 44 HRC 1500 152.9 97.0 444 47 HRC 1600 163.1 103.5 461 49 HRC 1700 173.3 109.9 477 50 HRC 1800 183.5 116.4 514 52 HRC 1900 193.7 122.9 549 54 HRC 2000 203.9 129.3 584 56 HRC 2100 214.1 135.8 607 57 HRC 2200 224.3 142.2 622 58 HRC 2300 233.1 148.7 653 60 HRC Conversion of values depends on the actual alloy content; this chart therefore indicates a general conversion only. Manufacturing Tolerances Nominal Diameter in mm above up to and including Tolerance Grade in Microns 1 Micron = 0.001mm e8 h5 h6 h7 h8 h9 h10 js12 js14 k8 k9 k10 0 3 -14 0 0 0 0 0 0 +50 +125 +14 +25 +40 -18 -4 -6 -10 -14 -25 -40 -50 -125 0 0 0 3 6 -20 0 0 0 0 0 0 +60 +150 +18 +30 +48 -38 -5 -8 -12 -18 -30 -48 -60 -150 0 0 0 6 10 -25 0 0 0 0 0 0 +75 +180 +22 +36 +58 -47 -6 -9 -15 -22 -36 -58 -75 -180 0 0 0 10 18 -32 0 0 0 0 0 0 +90 +215 +27 +43 +70 -59 -8 -11 -18 -27 -43 -70 -90 -215 0 0 0 18 30 -40 0 0 0 0 0 0 +105 +260 +33 +52 +84 -73 -9 -13 -21 -33 -52 -84 -105 -260 0 0 0 30 50 -50 0 0 0 0 0 0 +125 +310 +39 +62 +100 -89 -11 -16 -25 -39 -62 -100 -125 -310 0 0 0 50 80 -60 0 0 0 0 0 0 +150 +370 +46 +74 +120 -106 -13 -19 -30 -46 -74 -120 -150 -370 0 0 0 80 120 -72 0 0 0 0 0 0 +175 +435 +54 +87 +140 -126 -15 -22 -35 -54 -87 -140 -175 -435 0 0 0 Conversion: 1 micron equals .00004 inches Technical Information Useful Tables

49. 425 Section A-A Tap Definitions Thread Relief Types Cutting Faces Technical Information Tap Terminology overall length length of shank threaded length pitch chamfer lead length length of square shank diameter root lead angle minor diameter pitch diameter major diameter square size crest front flank rear flank included angle of thread semi-angle of thread width of land cutting face flute web diameter shear angle Gun nose (spiral point) Concentric threads (no radial relief) Eccentric threads (relieved to cutting edge) Con-eccentric threads (relieved to a land) radial relief concentric land radial relief Negative rake Radial rake Positive rake Hook heel negative rake angle positive rake angle land tangential hook chordal hook angle

48. 424 Web Thinning On most drills the web increases in thickness towards the shank with the result that, as the drill is shortened by repeated sharpening, the chisel edge will become wider. As the chisel edge does not cut but forces the metal out of the way, too wide a chisel edge will result in more pressure required for penetration, leading to greater heat generation and a resultant loss of life. Cutting Fluids The use of cutting fluids is an advantage in most drilling operations and an essential in some. The two main functions of the cutting fluid are lubrication and cooling. The purpose of lubrication is to reduce friction by lubricating the surfaces tool and work, to facilitate easier sliding of the chips up the flute and to prevent the chips welding to the cutting edges. In production work, particularly when drilling deep holes, the cooling action of the fluid is often more important than the lubrication. Overheating will shorten the life of the drill. Intermittent feed on deep holes, where possible, not only clears the chips but permits more effective cooling. Speeds The speed of a drill is the rate at which the periphery of the drill moves in relation to the work being drilled. As a rule, with a drill working within its speed range for a specific material, more holes between sharpenings will be achieved if the speed is reduced and less holes if the speed is increased. Thus, for each production run, a speed must be established which will result in the highest rate of production without excessive breakdown time or drill usage. The factors governing speed are: Component material, hardness of material, depth of hole, quality required, condition of drilling machine, efficiency of cutting fluid. Feeds The feed of the drill is governed by the drill size and the component material. As with speeds, an increase in feed will lessen the number of holes produced sharpening but it is essential that a constant feed be maintained. If a drill is allowed to dwell, breakdown of the cutting edges will result. Small Drill Feeds and Speeds Breakdown of small drills can most often be attributed to two faults: speed too high and feed too low. A feed which will produce CHIPS not POWDER, coupled with a speed compatible with the strength of the drill is essential for small hole drilling. Feeds must be based on thickness of chip, not mm/min, and speeds adjusted accordingly. EXAMPLE: A 1mm drill is to operate at a feed of 0.013mm /rev, drilling steel. While the material may permit a speed of 30m/min or 9,500 RPM it is obvious that the drill could not withstand a load of 0.013mm feed at this speed; a penetration rate of 124mm/min. The correct procedure is to retain the feed but reduce the speed to obtain a penetration within the capacity of the strength of the drill. Deep Hole Drilling When drilling deep holes, speeds and feeds should be reduced as follows: Depth of hole Reduction per cent % Speed Feed 3 times drill diameter 10 10 4 times drill diameter 30 10 5 times drill diameter 30 20 6 to 8 times drill diameter 35 to 40 20 A HOLD ORIGINAL THICKNESS Technical Information Hints on Use and Maintenance hold original thickness

64. 440 For shank styles refer page 421 Endmill Definitions A A Conventional milling versus climb milling A milling cutter can cut in two directions, sometimes known as climb or conventional. Conventional milling: The depth of the cut starts at zero thickness, and increases up to the maximum. The cut is so light at the beginning that the tool does not cut, but slides across the surface of the material, until sufficient pressure is built up and the tooth suddenly bites and begins to cut. This deforms the material (at point A on the diagram, left), work hardening it, and dulling the tool. The sliding and biting behaviour leaves a poor finish on the material. Climb milling: Each tooth engages the material at a definite point, and the width of the cut starts at the maximum and decreases to zero. The chips are disposed behind the cutter, leading to easier swarf removal. The tooth does not rub on the material, and so tool life may be longer. However, climb milling can apply larger loads to the machine, and so is not recommended for older milling machines, or machines which are not in good condition. This type of milling is used predominantly on mills with a backlash eliminator. Center cutting endmill Technical Information Endmill Terminology overall length shank length flute length cutting length end teeth relief angle cutting diameter shank diameter rake flute core raised land width peripheral relief angle Conventional milling. Point A become work hardened cutting depth (feed per tooth) material to be removed by the next tooth material feed Chip formation during climb milling cutting depth (feed per tooth) material feed cutter rotation

45. 421 High Speed Steel Straight Shanks DIN 1835 Form B (with drive flat) d 1 h6 b 1 +0.05 -0 c 1 0 -1 h 1 h13 l 1 +2 -0 l 2 +1 -0 centre hole form R DIN 332 part b 6 4.2 18 4.8 36 - 1.6 x 2.5 8 5.5 18 6.6 36 - 1.6 x 3.35 10 7 20 8.4 40 - 1.6 x 3.35 12 8 22.5 10.4 45 - 1.6 x 3.35 16 10 24 14.2 48 - 2.0 x 4.25 20 11 25 18.2 50 - 2.5 x 5.3 25 12 32 23 56 17 2.5 x 5.3 32 14 36 30 60 19 3.15 x 6.7 40 14 40 38 70 19 3.15 x 6.7 50 18 45 47.8 80 23 3.15 x 6.7 63 18 50 60.8 90 23 3.15 x 6.7 Form D (screwed shank) d 1 l 1 +2 -0 l 3 +1 -0 6 36 10 10 40 10 12 45 10 16 48 10 20 50 15 25 56 15 32 60 15 Form A (plain) d 1 h6 l 1 +2 -0 d 1 h6 l 1 +2 -0 3 28 16 48 4 28 20 50 5 28 25 56 6 36 32 60 8 36 40 70 10 40 50 80 12 45 63 90 * All measurements in millimetres Technical Information Shank Designs - HSS centre hole (Y) chamfer centre hole (Y) chamfer centre hole (Y) chamfer centre hole (Y) chamfer Y centering hole Z Thread Profile Din ISO 228 Part 1 thread undercut or thread runout released

67. 443 Safety Tips • Eye protection must be worn at and around bur application • For use in air & electric die grinders, do not use in conventional electric drills as insufficient speed can cause breakage • Chuck carbide bur to full capacity of machine chuck • Do not use driving tool with worn bearings • Endeavour to use double cut wherever possible as standard cut can produce harmful slivers Hints for Use • Position bur in drive as close as possible to head of collet • Allow tool to do its own cutting – do not force the cut or use excessive pressure • Allow tool to be running at full speed before making contact with the work piece. • To prevent loading on aluminium burs – coat bur with bees wax or oven cleaner before use • If sparks are evident in use, either bur is dull and should be replaced or material is too hard Application Guide - Carbide Burs Recommended Cutting Speeds (RPM) – Standard Length Burs Double Cut Aluminium Cut Max RPM Diameter Steels, Alloys & Non-Ferrous Stainless Steel Aluminium 1/16 33,000 50,000 - 78,000 3/32 26,000 40,000 - 60,000 1/8 23,000 35,000 - 53,000 3/16 17,000 25,000 - 38,000 1/4 15,000 22,000 30,000 33,000 5/16 13,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 3/8 12,000 18,000 20,000 27,000 7/16 11,500 17,000 18,000 26,000 1/2 11,000 16,000 15,000 24,000 5/8 10,000 15,000 12,000 23,000 3/4 9,000 14,000 10,000 21,000 7/8 8,500 13,000 - 20,000 1 8,000 12,000 - 18,000 Note: Recommend reduce speeds by 50% when using long shank carbide burs.

65. 441 Type Description Application Illustration N Finishing Form W Slotting & Finishing - Use in soft materials, quick spiral 45° up to 600 N/mm 2 VA Optimised geometry for Austentic Stainless Steels & other long chipping materials up to 1000 N/mm 2 AI & CU For slotting wrought aluminium alloys with efficient chip evacuation, due to high relief angles and 40° spiral NR Normal Roughing Form - general purpose NF Semi Roughing Form - Ideally suited to soft, long chipping materials. WR Coarse Form - ideally suited to soft, non-ferrous materials. HR Fine Pitch Roughing Form - ideally suited to hard, short chipping materials HRS Special Fine Pitch Roughing Form - Universal use Ti Wave Form - ideally suited to titanium & nickel alloys STF Special tooth form - Semi Roughing Form, ideally suited to materials up to 1400 N/mm 2 Technical Information Endmills - Types

47. 423 Drill Tolerances DIN / ISO 286, Part 2 Drill Diameter at Point (mm) Diameter Tolerance h8 (mm) Back Taper (mm) Over Inclusive Plus (+) Minus (-) (Tapering of Diameter) † 0.20 3.00 0.000 0.014 0.000 to 0.008 3.00 6.00 0.000 0.018 0.002 to 0.008 6.00 10.00 0.000 0.022 0.002 to 0.009 10.00 18.00 0.000 0.027 0.003 to 0.011 18.00 30.00 0.000 0.033 0.004 to 0.015 30.00 50.00 0.000 0.039 0.004 to 0.015 † The Drill diameter usually reduces towards the shank end; tolerance per 10mm of flute length. Drill Definitions Drill Point Types (DIN1412) *Drills manufactured to ANSI B94-11. The overall length and flute length are measured to the corner of the outer lip. WEB THINNED WEB THINNED WEB THINNED Technical Information Drill Terminology tang tang drive shank diameter fluted land point angle drill diameter shank length overall length body flute length helix angle neck lip relief angle clearance diameter chisel edge width of land margin chisel edge angle lip web Type A thinned chisel edge Type D point ground for cast iron Type B thinned chisel edge with corrected cutting lips Type E brad point Type C split point lip

62. 438 Pitch P 55º 27.5º H h r r H — 6 H — 6 H = 0.96049P r = 0.137329P H — 6 = 0.160082P 2 — 3 H = 0.640327P h = Fig 5 Basic Profile for Whitworth (BSW, BSF and WHIT.) Thread forms British Standard Whitworth Form The sides of the thread form an angle of 55° with one another, and the top and bottom of the full triangle are truncated one-sixth of the height. The actual depth of the thread is equal to two-thirds of the height of the generating triangle and is equal to 0.6403 times the pitch. The crests and roots are rounded to a radius of 0.137329 times the pitch. Fig. 5. British Tap Size Zone Limits British Standard Zone 3 and Zone 4 limits are normally applied to Whitworth and BA taps. The values for position and tolerances are formulated and must be obtained from the standard’s tables. The accompanying chart shows the zone limits relationship for ground threads. F i g . 7. The Whitworth Screw Thread Tolerance System Pitch diameter tolerance zones of recommended combinations of classes of bolts and nuts having Whitworth screw threads. Fig. 6 100 150 150 150 150 100 150 66 2 / 3 Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 Technical Information British Standard Threads Figure 5 Figure 6 medium class close class normal class medium class normal class free class nut basic pitch diameter bolt fundamental deviation (allowance) 3/4" dia. and under over 3/4" dia. 3/4" dia. and under over 3/4" dia. Figure 7 basic pitch diameter

60. 436 The ISO metric system of tap tolerances comprises three classes of tap sizes which are calculated from the Grade 5 nut tolerance, irrespective of the nut grade to be cut as follows: ISO, Class 1 – Class 2 – Class 3 The tolerances of these three classes are determined in terms of a tolerance unit t, the value of which is equal to the pitch tolerance value TD2 grade 5 of nut (extrapolated up to pitch 0.2mm): t = TD 2 grade 5 The value of the tap pitch diameter tolerance is the same for all three classes 1, 2 and 3: it is equal to 20% of t. The position of the tolerance of the tap with respect to the basic pitch diameter results from the lower deviation the values of which are (see figure 3): for tap class 1: + 0.1 t for tap class 2: + 0.3 t for tap class 3: + 0.5 t Choice of tolerance class of the tap with respect to the class of thread to be produced. Unless otherwise specified, the taps of classes 1 to 3 will generally be used for the manufacture of nuts of the following classes: ISO, Class 1: for nuts of limits 4H and 5H ISO, Class 2: for nuts of limits 6H and 5G ISO, Class 3: for n uts of limits 7H – 8H and 6G. 8H 7H 6H 5H 4H t 0.5 t 0.3 t 0.1 t 0.7 t Class 1 Class 2 Class 3 Technical Information ISO Metric Tap Class & Tolerance Figure 3 nut limits pitch diameter of basic profile ISO tap classes

46. 422 Carbide Straight Shanks Form HB (with drive flat) d 1 h6 b 1 +0.05 -0 c 1 0 -1 h 1 h11 l 1 +2 -0 l 2 +1 -0 6 4.2 18 4.8 36 - 8 5.5 18 6.6 36 - 10 7 20 8.4 40 - 12 8 22.5 10.4 45 - 14 8 22.5 12.7 45 - 16 10 24 14.2 48 - 18 10 24 16.2 48 - 20 11 25 18.2 50 - 25 12 32 23 56 17 32 14 36 30 60 19 Form HE (with whistle notch flat) d 1 h6 b 1 +0.05 -0 c 1 0 -1 h 1 h11 l 1 +2 -0 l 2 +1 -0 6 4.2 18 4.8 36 - 8 5.5 18 6.6 36 - 10 7 20 8.4 40 - 12 8 22.5 10.4 45 - 14 8 22.5 12.7 45 - 16 10 24 14.2 48 - 18 10 24 16.2 48 - 20 11 25 18.2 50 - 25 12 32 23 56 17 32 14 36 30 60 19 Form HA (plain) d 1 h6 l 1 +2 -0 d 1 h6 l 1 +2 -0 2 28 12 45 3 28 14 45 4 28 16 48 5 28 18 48 6 36 20 50 8 36 25 56 10 40 32 60 * All measurements in millimetres Technical Information Shank Designs - Ca rbide l 1 l 4 l 5 d 1 d 1 b 2 b 3 (h 3 ) (h 2 ) Other dimensions and date as for figure 4 Chamfer without centre hole For d 1 = 6 to 20mm For d 1 = 25 & 32mm 47º-2º 43º+2º 6+1 2º-30’ r2 6mm to 20mm = One Drive Flat 25mm & 32mm = Two Drive Flats centre hole chamfer without centre hole chamfer without centre hole chamfer without centre hole chamfer

41. 417 Abbreviations Type Application Description HSS Conventional high speed steel Standard tool material for most common applications Used for the manufacturing of cutting tools such as twist drills, end mills and taps. HSS Co 5% cobalt grade of high speed steel High-heat resistance, especially suited for roughing or when coolant insufficient Cobalt alloyed, tungsten-molybdenum high speed steel possessing high hardness, excellent cutting properties, high-red hardness and good toughness. HSSE Co8% 8% cobalt grade of high speed steel Increased heat resistance & hardness, suitable for difficult-to-machine materials Available for applications that require a strong resistance to softening at elevated cutting temperatures. The ability of the steel to maintain its “red-hot hardness” is provided by the addition of cobalt. The high hot hardness is required for machining difficult materials such as nickel-base, titanium and highly alloyed steel. HSSE V3 Premium grade of high speed steel Wide range of machine taps. Vanadium grade gives high wear resistance and toughness for most tapping applications. PM-HSSE V3 Powdered metallurgy - vanadium grade of high speed steel Materials with hardness up to 40 HRC Difficult to machine materials eg. stainless steels. PM-HSS V3 for higher performance tools, incorporates very fine and uniform grain structure allowing a high hardness to be achieved, whilst maintaining good toughness. PM-HSS Co Powdered metallurgy - 8% Cobalt grade of high speed steel Materials with hardness up to 45 HRC The addition of cobalt provides this material with the ability to maintain its strength and hardness level when exposed to extremely high cutting temperatures. This makes PM-HSS Co suitable for heavy duty tapping, in materials such as high alloyed steels to non-ferrous metals like Ni-base alloys & Ti-alloys. SPM Powdered metallurgy - 11% Cobalt grade of high speed steel Special applications, requiring very high edge hardness. Cutting tools with the appropriate geometry can be applied to workpiece materials with hardness up to 55 HRC An excellent bridge material between high speed steel and carbide. SPM offers very high red hardness, wear resistance and the highest compressive strength of any high speed steel. VHM Sub-micron grade of solid Carbide (ISO K15-K30) Tapping hardened steel Ultra fine grain type (0.8 μm ) with maximum toughness & high hardness, therefore especially recommended for rotating tools to machine hardened parts. VHM Sub-micron grade of solid Carbide (ISO K40) Sutton standard grade for endmills & drills Ultra fine grain type (0.6 μm ) offers the ideal combination of hardness & toughness for high performance drilling & general milling applications VHM-ULTRA Sub-micron grade of solid Carbide (ISO K40-K50) High performance grade for endmills Ultra fine grain type (0.5 μm ) offers the best wear resistance for high performance milling applications. Computer controlled vacuum heat treatment ensures consistent high quality Technical Information Materials - Tool

63. 439 The International Standard Pipe Tap Thread System (ISO) has been derived from the original Whitworth gas and water pipe tap threads, formerly known as BSPF (Fastening) and BSPT (Taper), these systems have been so widely used throughout Europe and the United Kingdom that they have been metricated, whilst still retaining the Whitworth thread form. These popular thread systems are the basis for the ISO parallel “G” series and the taper “R” series, these systems are endorsed and in agreement with the current British and Australian standards. For comparison, the pitch diameter tolerance zones are given for both the parallel and taper systems. “G” Fastening Parallel Pipe Threads – ISO 228, AS1722 PT2 and BS2779. This parallel thread system has only one positive internal thread tolerance and two classes of external tolerances. This series constitutes a fine series of fastening connecting pipe threads for general engineering purposes, the assembly tolerances on these threads are such as to make them unsuitable for pressure tight seal by the threads themselves. For the conveying of fluids, the seal may be produced by gaskets, flanges, or “O” rings etc. “R” Sealing Taper Pipe Threads – ISO 7, AS1722 PT1 and BS21. The taper rate is 1-16 on diameter. This series is for tubes and fittings where pressure tight joints are made by threads, these threads therefore must have a full form profile (no truncations). The series include a taper external thread (R) for assembly with either taper internal (Rc) or parallel internal (Rp) threads. The Rp series has a unilateral tolerance (+/–) which normally requires a special below basic low limit tap, to allow for sizing deviations at the start of the internal thread, the size is gauged at this position, with an Rc taper gauge. The low limit Rp tap size, allows a minimum accommodation length to be machined, with an equivalent material saving possible. INTERNAL THREAD EXTERNAL THREAD BASIC PITCH DIAMETER BASIC PITCH DIAMETER (at gauge plane) MINIMUM INTERNAL PITCH DIAMETER MAXIMUM INTERNAL PITCH DIAMETER GA G GB TAPER PARALLEL RCR RP INTERNAL THREAD EXTERNAL THREAD BASIC PITCH DIAMETER BASIC PITCH DIAMETER (at gauge plane) MINIMUM INTERNAL PITCH DIAMETER MAXIMUM INTERNAL PITCH DIAMETER GA G GB TAPER PARALLEL RCR RP Technical Information ISO Pipe Tap Thread Systems internal thread external thread basic pitch diameter taper parallel basic pitch diameter (at guage plane) maximum internal pitch diameter minimum internal pitch diameter

54. 430 All sizes are “suggested sizes” only and may be varied to suit individual requirements Technical Information Tapping Drill Size Chart M ISO Metric Coarse (60°) Ta p Size Pitch mm Tapping Drill mm M1.6 0.35 1.25 M2 0.4 1.6 M2.5 0.45 2.05 M3 0.5 2.5 M3.5 0.6 2.9 M4 0.7 3.3 M4.5 0.75 3.7 M5 0.8 4.2 M6 1.0 5.0 M8 1.25 6.8 M10 1.5 8.5 M12 1.75 10.2 M14 2.0 12.0 M16 2.0 14.0 M18 2.5 15.5 M20 2.5 17.5 M22 2.5 19.5 M24 3.0 21.0 M27 3.0 24.0 M30 3.5 26.5 M33 3.5 29.5 M36 4.0 32.0 M42 4.5 37.5 M45 4.5 40.5 M48 5.0 43.0 M52 5.0 47.0 M56 5.5 50.5 MF ISO Metric Fine (60°) Ta p Size Pitch mm Tapping Drill mm M4 0.5 3.5 M5 0.5 4.5 M6 0.75 5.3 M8 1.0 7.0 M10** 1.0 9.0 M10 1.25 8.8 M12** 1.25 10.8 M12 1.5 10.5 M14** 1.25 12.8 M14 1.5 12.5 M16* 1.5 14.5 M18** 1.5 16.5 M20* 1.5 18.5 M22 1.5 20.5 M24 2.0 22.0 M25* 1.5 23.5 M32* 1.5 30.5 M40* 1.5 38.5 M50* 1.5 48.5 *Metric Conduit **Spark Plug 8UN (8 TPI) Unified National Form (60°) Ta p Size T.P.I. Tapping Drill mm 1-1/8 8 25.5 1-1/4 8 28.5 1-3/8 8 31.75 1-1/2 8 35.0 1-5/8 8 38.0 1-3/4 8 41.5 1-7/8 8 44.5 2 8 47.5 UNC Unified National Coarse (60°) Ta p Size T.P.I. Tapping Drill mm #2 (0.086) 56 1.85 #3 (0.099) 48 2.1 #4 (0.112) 40 2.3 #5 (0.125) 40 2.6 #6 (0.138) 32 2.8 #8 (0.164) 32 3.4 #10 (0.190) 24 3.8 #12 (0.216) 24 4.5 1/4 20 5.1 5/16 18 6.6 3/8 16 8.0 7/16 14 9.4 1/2 13 10.8 9/16 12 12.2 5/8 11 13.5 3/4 10 16.5 7/8 9 19.5 1 8 22.2 1-1/8 7 25.0 1-1/4 7 28.0 1-3/8 6 31.0 1-1/2 6 34.0 1-3/4 5 39.5 2 4.5 45.0 UNF Unified National Fine (60°) Ta p Size T.P.I. Tapping Drill mm #3 (0.099) 56 2.1 #4 (0.112) 48 2.35 #5 (0.125) 44 2.65 #6 (0.138) 40 2.9 #8 (0.164) 36 3.5 #10 (0.190) 32 4.1 #12 (0.216) 28 4.6 3/16* 32 4.0 1/4 28 5.5 5/16 24 6.9 3/8 24 8.5 7/16 20 9.8 1/2 20 11.5 9/16 18 12.8 5/8 18 14.5 3/4 16 17.5 7/8 14 20.5 1 12 23.5 1* 14 24.0 1-1/8 12 26.5 1-1/4 12 29.5 1-3/8 12 33.01 1-1/2 12 36.0 *UNS UNEF Unified National Form (60°) Ta p Size T.P.I. Tapping Drill mm 1/4 32 5.6 5/16 32 7.2 3/8 32 8.8 1/2 28 11.8 5/8 24 14.75 3/4 20 18 1 20 24.2 BSW British Standard Whitworth (55°) Ta p Size T.P.I. Tapping Drill mm 1/16* 60 1.2 3/32* 48 1.85 1/8 40 2.55 5/32* 32 3.2 3/16 24 3.7 7/32* 24 4.5 1/4 20 5.1 5/16 18 6.5 3/8 16 7.9 7/16 14 9.3 1/2 12 10.5 9/16 12 12.1 5/8 11 13.5 3/4 10 16.25 7/8 9 19.25 1 8 22.0 1-1/8 7 24.75 1-1/4 7 28.0 1-1/2 6 33.5 1-3/4 5 39.0 2 4-1/2 44.5 *WHIT. Form BSF British Standard Fine (55°) Ta p Size T.P.I. Tapping Drill mm 3/16 32 4.0 7/32 28 4.6 1/4 26 5.3 5/16 22 6.8 3/8 20 8.3 7/16 18 9.8 1/2 16 11.0 9/16 16 12.7 5/8 14 14.0 11/16 14 15.5 3/4 12 16.75 7/8 11 19.75 1 10 22.75 1-1/8 9 25.5 1-1/4 9 28.5 1-1/2 8 34.5 1-3/4 7 41.0 BSB British Standard Brass (55°) Ta p Size T.P.I. Tapping Drill mm 1/4 26 5.2 5/16 26 6.8 3/8 26 8.4 7/16 26 10.0 1/2 26 11.6 9/16 26 13.2 5/8 26 14.8 3/4 26 18.0 7/8 26 20.8 1 26 24.3

30. 406 Application Guide Speeds & Feeds - Micro carbide endmills ISO P M S H VDI 9, 11 14.2, 14.3 34, 35, 37.3, 37.5 3 8.1 Material Steel - Low alloy & cast Steel - High alloy, cast & tool Stainless Steel High temp. alloys Titanium & Ti alloys Hardened Steel Ø l 3 ae x Ø ap Vc Fz n Vf ap Vc Fz n Vf ap Vc Fz n Vf ap Vc Fz n Vf 0.2 0.5 1.0 0.028 25 0.003 40000 240 0.028 25 0.003 40000 240 0.028 25 0.003 40000 240 0.040 25 0.003 40000 240 0.2 1 1.0 0.011 23 0.003 37400 210 0.011 23 0.003 37400 210 0.011 23 0.003 37400 210 0.016 23 0.003 37400 210 0.2 1.5 1.0 0.008 22 0.003 34800 182 0.008 22 0.003 34800 182 0.008 22 0.003 34800 182 0.011 22 0.003 34800 182 0.4 2 1.0 0.022 47 0.004 37400 280 0.022 47 0.004 37400 280 0.022 47 0.004 37400 280 0.032 47 0.004 37400 280 0.4 4 1.0 0.011 37 0.003 29600 175 0.011 37 0.003 29600 175 0.011 37 0.003 29600 175 0.016 37 0.003 29600 175 0.5 2 1.0 0.035 62 0.007 39099 513 0.035 62 0.007 39099 513 0.035 62 0.007 39099 513 0.050 63 0.004 40000 320 0.5 4 1.0 0.018 50 0.005 31474 332 0.018 50 0.005 31474 332 0.018 50 0.005 31474 332 0.025 51 0.003 32200 207 0.5 6 1.0 0.012 42 0.004 26391 234 0.012 42 0.004 26391 234 0.012 42 0.004 26391 234 0.017 43 0.003 27000 146 0.6 4 1.0 0.028 59 0.007 31246 423 0.028 59 0.007 31246 423 0.028 59 0.007 31246 423 0.040 63 0.007 33554 443 0.6 6 1.0 0.017 50 0.006 26577 306 0.017 50 0.006 26577 306 0.017 50 0.006 26577 306 0.024 54 0.006 28540 321 0.8 4 1.0 0.045 65 0.007 26042 410 0.045 65 0.007 26042 410 0.045 65 0.007 26042 410 0.064 75 0.007 29762 466 0.8 6 1.0 0.032 61 0.007 24231 355 0.032 61 0.007 24231 355 0.032 61 0.007 24231 355 0.046 70 0.007 27693 404 0.8 8 1.0 0.022 52 0.006 20610 257 0.022 52 0.006 20610 257 0.022 52 0.006 20610 257 0.032 59 0.006 23555 292 1.0 6 1.0 0.047 61 0.008 19385 337 0.047 61 0.008 19385 337 0.047 61 0.008 19385 337 0.067 70 0.008 22155 383 1.0 8 1.0 0.035 56 0.008 17937 289 0.035 56 0.008 17937 289 0.035 56 0.008 17937 289 0.050 64 0.008 20499 328 1.0 10 1.0 0.028 52 0.007 16489 244 0.028 52 0.007 16489 244 0.028 52 0.007 16489 244 0.040 59 0.007 18844 277 1.0 12 1.0 0.023 47 0.006 15040 203 0.023 47 0.006 15040 203 0.023 47 0.006 15040 203 0.033 54 0.006 17189 231 1.0 16 1.0 0.018 38 0.005 12144 132 0.018 38 0.005 12144 132 0.018 38 0.005 12144 132 0.025 44 0.005 13878 150 1.2 6 1.0 0.067 65 0.010 17361 357 0.067 65 0.010 17361 357 0.067 65 0.010 17361 357 0.096 75 0.010 19841 406 1.2 10 1.0 0.042 56 0.008 14947 265 0.042 56 0.008 14947 265 0.042 56 0.008 14947 265 0.060 64 0.008 17083 301 1.2 12 1.0 0.034 52 0.008 13740 224 0.034 52 0.008 13740 224 0.034 52 0.008 13740 224 0.048 59 0.008 15703 254 1.5 6 1.0 0.105 70 0.013 14855 391 0.105 70 0.013 14855 391 0.105 70 0.013 14855 391 0.150 80 0.013 16977 444 1.5 8 1.0 0.084 65 0.012 13889 341 0.084 65 0.012 13889 341 0.084 65 0.012 13889 341 0.120 75 0.012 15873 388 1.5 12 1.0 0.053 56 0.010 11958 253 0.053 56 0.010 11958 253 0.053 56 0.010 11958 253 0.075 64 0.010 13666 287 1.5 16 1.0 0.042 52 0.009 10992 214 0.042 52 0.009 10992 214 0.042 52 0.009 10992 214 0.060 59 0.009 12563 243 1.5 20 1.0 0.032 47 0.008 10027 178 0.032 47 0.008 10027 178 0.032 47 0.008 10027 178 0.046 54 0.008 11459 202 2.0 6 1.0 0.187 70 0.015 11141 350 0.187 70 0.015 11141 350 0.187 70 0.015 11141 350 0.267 80 0.015 12733 398 2.0 8 1.0 0.140 70 0.015 11141 350 0.140 70 0.015 11141 350 0.140 70 0.015 11141 350 0.200 80 0.015 12733 398 2.0 10 1.0 0.112 65 0.014 10416 306 0.112 65 0.014 10416 306 0.112 65 0.014 10416 306 0.160 75 0.014 11905 348 2.0 12 1.0 0.093 61 0.013 9692 265 0.093 61 0.013 9692 265 0.093 61 0.013 9692 265 0.133 70 0.013 11077 301 2.0 16 1.0 0.070 56 0.012 8968 227 0.070 56 0.012 8968 227 0.070 56 0.012 8968 227 0.100 64 0.012 10250 258 2.0 20 1.0 0.056 52 0.011 8244 192 0.056 52 0.011 8244 192 0.056 52 0.011 8244 192 0.080 59 0.011 9422 218 2.0 25 1.0 0.047 47 0.010 7520 159 0.047 47 0.010 7520 159 0.047 47 0.010 7520 159 0.067 54 0.010 8594 181 2.5 8 1.0 0.233 70 0.018 8913 336 0.233 70 0.018 8913 336 0.233 70 0.018 8913 336 0.333 80 0.018 10186 382 2.5 12 1.0 0.175 70 0.018 8913 336 0.175 70 0.018 8913 336 0.175 70 0.018 8913 336 0.250 80 0.018 10186 382 3.0 16 1.0 0.168 65 0.020 6944 285 0.168 65 0.020 6944 285 0.168 65 0.020 6944 285 0.240 75 0.020 7936 325 3.0 20 1.0 0.140 61 0.018 6461 247 0.140 61 0.018 6461 247 0.140 61 0.018 6461 247 0.200 70 0.018 7385 281 3.0 25 1.0 0.105 56 0.017 5979 212 0.105 56 0.017 5979 212 0.105 56 0.017 5979 212 0.150 64 0.017 6833 241 E580 E581 Ap Ae

58. 434 Thread Systems The ISO standard is the international standard intended to be adopted throughout the world to unify and rationalise screw threads at an international level. The ISO standard recognises two groups of screw threads, (a) ISO metric, a complete thread system in metric units and (b) ISO inch Unified which is covered by British Standard BS 1580 and American Standard ANSI – B1-1 – Unified screw thread systems. The Whitworth and BA screw threads are obsolete but still widely used during the period of transition. All measurements must have a controlling point or base from which to start. In the case of a screw thread, this control point is called BASIC or theoretically correct size, which is calculated on the basis of a full thread form. Thus, on a given screw thread, we have the Basic Major Diameter, the Basic Pitch Diameter, and the Basic Minor Diameter. The Basic Profile is the profile to which the deviations, which define the limits of the external and internal threads, are applied. While it is impossible in practice to form screw threads to their precise theoretical or BASIC sizes, it is possible and practical to establish limits to which the deviation must not exceed. These are called the “Maximum” and “Minimum” Limits. If the product is no smaller than the “Minimum Limit” and no larger than the “Maximum Limit”, then it is within the size limits required. This difference between the Maximum and Minimum Limits is the TOLERANCE. In actual practice, the Basic size is not necessarily between Maximum and Minimum Limits. In most cases, the Basic Size is one of the Limits. In general, tolerances for internal threads will be above Basic and for external threads, below Basic. Basic Profile for ISO Inch (Unified) and ISO Metric The basic form is derived from an equilateral triangle which is truncated 1/8 of the height at the major diameter and 1/4 of the height at the minor diameter. The corresponding flats have a width of P/8 and P/4 respectively. Fig. 1. In practice major diameter clearance is provided by the tap beyond the P/8 flat on internal threads and beyond the P/4 flat on external threads. These clearances are usually rounded. ISO Metric Tolerance Positions Three tolerance positions are standardised for bolts and two for nuts. These are designated e, g and h for bolts and G and H for nuts. As in the ISO System for limits and fits, small letters are used to designate tolerance positions for bolts and capital letters are used for nut tolerance positions. Also the letters h and H are used for tolerance positions having the maximum metal limit coincided with the basic size, i.e., with a fundamental deviation of zero. Fig. 2. ISO Metric Tolerance Grades A series of tolerance grades designated 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 for nut pitch diameters. An extended series of tolerance grades, designated 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,8 and 9, for bolt pitch diameters. An important factor here is that for the same tolerance grade the nut pitch diameter tolerance is 1.32 x the corresponding bolt pitch diameter tolerance. Size and recommendations of fits can be obtained from the Australian Standards AS 1275 or AS 1721. P 60 90 30 P — 8 P — 2 P — 4 5 — 8 H — 4 H — 4 H H 3 — 8 H — 8 H H = 0,86603P = 0,21651P H — 8 = 0,10825P 3 — 8 H = 0,32476P 5 — 8 H = 0,54127P 3h 4h 4H 5h 5H 6h 6H 7h 7H 5g 5G 6g 6G 7g 6e 7e 7G 8g 9g 8G 8H P 60 90 30 P — 8 P — 2 P — 4 5 — 8 H — 4 H — 4 H H 3 — 8 H — 8 H H = 0,86603P = 0,21651P H — 8 = 0,10825P 3 — 8 H = 0,32476P 5 — 8 H = 0,54127P 3h 4h 4H 5h 5H 6h 6H 7h 7H 5g 5G 6g 6G 7g 6e 7e 7G 8g 9g 8G 8H Technical Information Thread Forms Components & Tap Limits Figure 1 major dia. pitch dia. minor dia. axis of screw thread Figure 1 nut basic pitch diameter bolt fundamental deviation fundamental deviation

39. 415 Application Guide Troubleshooting - Reamers Code Problem 1 Breakage 2 Excessive wear 3 Chattering 4 Poor surface Finish 1 2 3 4 Possible reason Solution • • Dirt or burrs in spindle or socket in which reamer is held clean spindle • • Misalignment of two or more parts of the set-up. This condition can cause a bell-mouthed hole align holes or use bridge style reamer • • • • Too fast or too slow speeds adjust • • • • Too much or too little feed adjust • Wrong type of coolant refer to lubricant supplier’s literature • No lubricant between guide bushing and reamer apply • • Lack of lubricant increase • Bottoming in blind holes reduce depth travel of reamer • Lack of sufficient stock to ream drill smaller hole • • • Too much stock to ream drill larger hole • • Entering work too fast slow down the approach feed, until all cutting edges are located in the hole • • • • Badly drilled holes – too rough, tapered or bell-mouthed. Bell- mouthed holes may cause the reamer to wedge rather than cut replace drill • • Oversize or undersize bushings use suitable bush • • Lack of rigidity in machine or work holder improve rigidity • • • Improperly designed reamer for the job use a different reamer

55. 431 R c (BSPT)* ISO R c Taper Series 1:16 (55°) Ta p Size T.P.I. Drill Only* Drill & Reamer Rc 1/16 28 6.4 6.2 Rc 1/8 28 8.4 8.4 Rc 1/4 19 11.2 10.8 Rc 3/8 19 14.75 14.5 Rc 1/2 14 18.25 18.0 Rc 3/4 14 23.75 23.0 Rc 1 11 30.0 29.0 Rc 1-1/4 11 38.5 38.0 Rc 1-1/2 11 44.5 44.0 Rc 2 11 56.0 55.0 G (BSPF) ISO G Parallel Series (55°) Ta p Size T.P.I. Tapping Drill mm G 1/16 28 6.8 G 1/8 28 8.8 G 1/4 19 11.8 G 3/8 19 15.3 G 1/2 14 19.0 G 5/8 14 21.0 G 3/4 14 24.5 G 7/8 14 28.5 G 1 11 31.0 G 1-1/4 11 39.5 G 1-1/2 11 45.5 G 1-3/4 11 51.5 G 2 11 57.5 G 2-1/2 11 72.5 R p (BSPPL) Sealing pipe thread parallel (55°) Ta p Size T.P.I. Tapping Drill mm Rp 1/8 28 8.6 Rp 1/4 19 11.5 Rp 3/8 19 15.0 Rp 1/2 14 18.5 Rp 3/4 14 24.0 Rp 1 11 30.2 Rp 1-1/4 11 39.0 Rp 1-1/2 11 45.0 Rp 2 11 56.4 P g Steel conduit (80°) Ta p Size T.P.I. Tapping Drill mm Pg7 20 11.3 Pg9 18 13.9 Pg11 18 17.3 Pg13.5 18 19.1 Pg16 18 21.2 Pg21 15 26.8 Thread forming (Fluteless taps) Ta p Size T.P.I. Tapping Drill mm Metric coarse M1 0.25 0.9 M1.1 0.25 1.0 M1.2 0.25 1.1 M1.4 0.3 1.28 M1.6 0.35 1.45 M1.7 0.35 1.55 M1.8 0.35 1.65 M2.0 0.40 1.8 M2.2 0.45 2.0 M2.3 0.4 2.1 M2.5 0.45 2.3 M2.6 0.45 2.4 M3 0.5 2.8 M3.5 0.6 3.2 M4 0.7 3.7 M5 0.8 4.6 M6 1.0 5.5 M8 1.25 7.4 M10 1.5 9.3 M12 1.75 11.2 BSW 1/8 40 2.9 5/32 32 3.6 3/16 24 4.3 1/4 20 5.8 5/16 18 7.3 3/8 16 8.8 NPT-NPTF* national pipe Taper 1:16 (60°) Ta p Size T.P.I. Drill Only* Drill & Reamer 1/16 27 6.3 6.0 1/8 27 8.5 8.2 1/4 18 11.0 10.8 3/8 18 14.5 14.0 1/2 14 18.0 17.5 3/4 14 23.0 23.0 1 11-1/2 29.0 28.5 1-1/4 11-1/2 37.5 37.0 1-1/2 11-1/2 44 43.5 2 11-1/2 55.5 55.0 NPSF National pipe Straight (60°) Ta p Size T.P.I. Tapping Drill mm 1/8 27 8.6 1/4 18 11.3 3/8 18 14.5 1/2 14 18.0 Thread forming (Fluteless taps) Ta p Size T.P.I. Tapping Drill mm UNC #1 (0.073) 64 1.7 #2 (0.086) 56 2.0 #3 (0.099) 48 2.3 #4 (0.112) 40 2.6 #5 (0.125) 40 2.9 #6 (0.138) 32 3.2 #8 (0.164) 32 3.8 #10 (0.190) 24 4.4 #12 (0.216) 24 5.0 1/4 20 5.8 5/16 18 7.3 3/8 16 8.8 7/16 14 10.2 1/2 13 11.7 UNF #1 (0.073) 72 1.7 #2 (0.086) 64 2.0 #3 (0.099) 56 2.3 #4 (0.112) 48 2.6 #5 (0.125) 44 2.9 #6 (0.138) 40 3.2 #8 (0.164) 36 3.9 #10 (0.190) 32 4.5 #12 (0.216) 28 5.1 1/4 28 6.0 5/16 24 7.5 3/8 24 9.0 7/16 20 10.6 1/2 20 12.1 G (BSPF) 1/8 28 9.25 1/4 19 12.5 3/8 19 16.0 1/2 14 20.0 5/8 14 22.0 3/4 14 25.5 7/8 14 29.25 1 11 32.0 BA (47.5°) Ta p Size Pitch mm Tapping Drill mm 0 1 5.1 1 0.9 4.5 2 0.81 4.0 3 0.73 3.4 4 0.66 3.0 5 0.59 2.65 6 0.53 2.3 7 0.48 2.05 8 0.43 1.8 9 0.39 1.55 10 0.35 1.4 11 0.31 1.2 12 0.28 1.05 13 0.25 0.98 14 0.23 0.8 15 0.21 0.7 16 0.19 0.6 * Taper pipe threads of improved quality are obtained when taper is pre-formed using Sutton Taper Pipe Reamers.

36. 412 Application Guide Troubleshooting - HSS Drills Code Problem 1 Breaking of drill 2 Outer corner breaks down 3 Cutting edges chip 4 Drill splits up centre 5 Drill will not enter work 6 Hole rough 7 Hole oversize 8 Tang breaks 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Possible Reason Solution • • • Dull point Sharpen • Drill has front taper due to wearing Sharpen • • • Insufficient lip clearance on point Grind correctly • • Lip clearance too great Regrind to correct clearance angle • Drill in incorrectly point ground Regrind correctly • • Flutes clogged with chips Remove drill from hole and to clear flutes • Spring or backlash in drill press, fixture or work Check each item for rigidity and alignment • • • • Feed too heavy Reduce Feed • Cutting speed too high Reduce speed • • Dry cutting, no lubricant at cutting edges Apply cutting fluid • Drill web (core) diameter too big Thin web to original size • Fixture/Clamping not rigid Secure job firmly • Unequal angle or uneven length of cutting edges Regrind to same lip lengths and angles • Spindle run-out/Loose spindle Check machine • Bad fit between shank taper & socket. The drive & alignment is controlled by the taper fit Remove dirt, nicks or burrs, or replace worn socket

38. 414 Application Guide Troubleshooting - Endmills Code Problem Possible Reason 1 Poor workpiece finish Cutting edge wear, cutter radial run-out 2 Splintering of workpiece edge Unsuitable cutting conditions, unsuitable shape of cutting edge 3 Non-parallel or uneven surface Low stiffness of the cutter or of the workpiece (loose) 4 Extreme flank wear Unsuitable cutting conditions, unsuitable shape of cutting edge 5 Extreme crater wear 6 Breaks and shelling due to thermal shock 7 Formation of built-up edges 8 Poor chip clearance, chip blockage 9 Lack of Rigidity Difficult cutting conditions, clamping of the workpiece 10 End mill cutter breaks Unsuitable cutting conditions, flute length of the cutter 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Solution • • • increase cutting speed • • • reduce cutting speed • • increase feed rate • • • • • • • • reduce feed rate • • • • • • • reduce cutting depth • • • change cutter diameter and cut width • • • • • check use of cooling lubricant, flush swarf away • • • • • • • • increase clearance angle (Radial relief) • • • increase wedge angle (Rake angle) • increase number of teeth • • • • reduce number of teeth • select larger chip space (Cutter) • • • • • change shape of minor cutting edge • • cutter - change radial run-out • • • • • change cutter stiffness, flue length (l/D ratio) • • • • select machine with higher power and stiffness

56. 432 Formed Thread Cut Thread Lubrication In general it is best to use a good cutting oil or lubricant rather than a coolant for fluteless tapping. Sulphur base and mineral oils, along with most friction reducing lubricants recommended for use in cold extrusion or metal drawing, have proven best for this work. Make sure lubricant is clean, free from chips swarf and filings in suspension, which produce a poor finish and jamming, sometimes breakage – extra filtration may be required. Countersinking Because the fluteless tap displaces metal, some metal will be displaced above the mouth of the hole during tapping, countersink or chamfer the hole prior to tapping will reduce the extrusion within the countersink and not interfere with the mating part. Benefits of thread forming Figure 1. No chips produced Figure 2. Higher tensile strength threads produced due to grain structure following the thread form Figure 3. For use in through and blind holes applications Hig her speeds and tool life Reduced possibility of breakage due to no cutting edges and robust tool construction Whats New? Figure 6. New polygon profile F i g u r e 7. New radiused blend on polygon profile Figure 8. Thread profile with radius crest Figure 9. Polished tool surface, surface finish Fluteless taps Fluteless taps do not cut threads in the same manner as conventional taps – but actually FORM and FLOW the threads with an absence of chips. Used under suitable conditions, these taps produce threads with a high degree of finish not possible with ordinary taps. Ductile materials are most appropriate for forming of threads and must have a minimum 10% elongation. Percentage of thread required Because the thread produced by a fluteless tap is substantially stronger than a conventional thread, greater tool life and efficiency may be obtained when forming up to 65% thread. Threads may be formed up to 80% of depth, but tool life will be reduced and work clamping pressure necessarily increased. Greater tapping speeds allow the metal to flow far more readily, so 60 feet per minute minimum may be used as a guide, but this could increase with the type of material being tapped. A depth of 65% is recommended for the ductile materials mentioned, but this percentage will be reduced for less ductile materials to maintain all-round efficiency. Tapping drill formula for fluteless taps Refer Tapping Drill Size Chart for recommended sizes (Suitable for Unified, Whitworth and Metric sizes only). The formula to calculate the theoretical hole size for a required percentage of thread is: Formula Example Drill size = nominal thread dia. (in mm) – (0.007 x % of thread x pitch) Drill size for 65% of thread in a M6 x 1.0 threaded hole would be: Drill size = 6 – (0.007 x 65 x 1.0 (pitch)) = 5.54mm (Use 5.50mm drill (Stockable drill) = 71%) It is to be noted that the drill size for fluteless tapping is always larger than the P.D. of the thread. A drill size equal to the P.D. of the thread would produce 100% of thread, but this is NOT recommended. As the additional driving torque is only up to 50% increase, any conventional driving equipment using the square as a drive is suitable for fluteless tapping. Technical Information Fluteless Taps Suitable for wide range materials -Low carbon steels -Leaded steels -Austenitic stainless steels -Alloy steels; typically up to 1200 N/mm 2 , (36 Rc) with a minimum 10% elongation -Aluminium die castings alloys (low silicon, 10% max;) -Wrought aluminium alloys (Ductile) -Zinc die casting alloys -Copper and copper alloys Figure 2. Figure 1. Figure 3. Figure 4. Figure 5. Figure 6. F i g u r e 7. R 1 R 2 R 1 R 2

61. 437 Unified Taps The “GH” System This system provides for a range of pitch diameters for each size of tap: the height limit of pitch diameters being the basic pitch diameter plus increments or units of .0005". It is designated by the letter “GH” followed by a numeral indicating the number or units applying to the particular “GH” size. The tap manufacturer’s tolerance is applied as minus. This is the limit which will normally be supplied. Alternative “GH” limits other than those shown in the price list can be made to special order. This system is well known. It has now been accepted by ISO as the recommended tolerance for ISO inch threads down to 0.06 inch nominal diameter. The arrangement of the allowance and the various classes of pitch diameter tolerance for a normal length of engagement of the mating threads is shown in this diagram. The pitch diameter tolerance for Class 2A bolts is shown as 100 units, and the fundamental deviation and other tolerances are shown as percentages of the Class 2A tolerance. Fig. 4. GH Limits for JIS Roll Taps GH LIMITS Upper limit: 0.0005" x N Lower limit: (0.0005" x N) – 0.0005 For Sutton Tools Metric (mm) Roll / Fluteless Taps (Limit same as the “RH” & “G” L imits) GH Limits: Steps of 0.0127 mm N = GH number GH Limits are applied to JIS Metric and Unified Thredflo Tap Threads due to market demands in the JIS standard. basic pitch dia. GH1 GH2 GH3 GH4 GH5 GH6 GH7 GH8 GH9 GH10 GH11 GH12 – +140 – +127 – +114 – +101 – +89 – +77 – +64 – +51 – +39 – +26 – +13 – 0 +0.0060 – +0.0055 – +0.0050 – +0.0045 – +0.0040 – +0.0035 – +0.0030 – +0.0025 – +0.0020 – +0.0015 – +0.0010 – +0.0005 – 0 – Micron μm Inch GH Limits: Steps of 0.0005" at 12.7 μm 97.5 75 130 30 100 195 30 150 Technical Information Unified Screw Thread Tolerancing System Figure 4 nut basic pitch diameter bolt class 3B class 2B class 1B class 3A class 2A class 1A

52. 428 Technical Information Tap Geometry Abbrev. Description Tap geometry Surface GG For cast iron – iron is a very abrasive material, therefore to increase tool life the taps are always surface treated or coated to resist the abrasion. The thread limit for this range is 6HX, which is high limit of the 6H tolerance allowing for longer wear life. Straight flutes with low rake angle TiCN Plasma Nitride Ni N For normal, general purpose type materials – suited to a wide range of materials, with normal rakes & relief’s. This is existing geometry that Sutton has historically manufactured. Normal rake angle & Normal thread relief Bright Blu TiN UNI For normal, general purpose type materials – suited to a wide range of materials, with normal rakes & high relief’s. However tap material is powder metal high speed steel (PMHSS), which due to its finer grain structure than that of conventional HSS, higher hardness can be achieved with excellent toughness, along with TiAlN surface coating allowing for better tool life than normal taps. Normal rake angle & High thread relief Bright TiAlN VA For stainless and tough steels – to avoid clogging in tough, long chipping materials such as stainless steel, it is essential that the chip flows continuously in an axial direction. Best suited to rigid tapping applications due to high thread relief. TiCN & TiN coating has proven to be best suited for these materials. High rake angle & thread relief TiCN Blu VAPM For stainless and tough steels – geometry similar to VA range, however tap material is powder metal high speed steel (PMHSS), which due to its finer grain structure than that of conventional HSS, higher hardness can be achieved with excellent toughness, allowing for better tool life than VA taps. High rake angle & thread relief TiCN H For hard materials forming short chips – the low rakes & relief’s combined with a hard surface coating, allow excellent tool life. Low rake angle & thread relief TiCN W For soft materials – due to the very high rake angle with a low thread relief, allows for excellent chip flow & gauging in soft materials. High rake angle & Low thread relief Bright CrN AI For malleable aluminium with long chips – to avoid clogging when threading in aluminium which forms long chips, it is essential that the chip flows continuously in an axial direction. Generally these taps have 1 less flute than normal taps & therefore have larger flute space, which more adequate for large volumes of chips to help avoid clogging. High rake angle, High helix, 2 Flutes, Low thread relief Bright Plasma Nitride Geometry

59. 435 Product Tolerance Tap Limits ISO 6H JIS 2 Tolerance Upper Deviation Old/JIS Product ISO Recommended Limit Tap Size Pitch Class Tolerance Tolerance Tap Grade Tap Limits P 1 P 2 P 3 P 4 mm um um Microns um um um um um M1.0 x 0.25 5H 56 60 ISO 1 + 6 / 17 + 10 / 25 M1.1 x 0.25 5H 56 60 ISO 1 + 6 / 17 + 10 / 25 M1.2 x 0.25 5H 56 60 ISO 1 + 6 / 17 + 10 / 25 M1.4 x 0.3 5H 60 60 ISO 1 + 6 / 18 + 10 / 25 M1.6 x 0.35 5H 67 85 ISO 1 + 7 / 20 + 10 / 25 + 25 /40 M1.7 x 0.35 6H 85 85 ISO 2 + 20 / 34 + 10 / 25 + 25 /40 M1.8 x 0.35 6H 85 85 ISO 2 + 20 / 34 + 10 / 25 + 25 /40 M2.0 x 0.4 6H 90 70 ISO 2 + 21 / 36 + 10 / 25 + 25 /40 M2.2 x 0.45 6H 95 95 ISO 2 + 23 / 38 + 10 / 25 + 25 /40 M2.3 x 0.4 6H 90 95 ISO 2 + 21 / 36 + 10 / 25 + 25 /40 M2.5 x 0.45 6H 95 95 ISO 2 + 23 / 38 + 10 / 25 + 25 /40 M2.6 x 0.45 6H 95 95 ISO 2 + 23 / 38 + 10 / 25 + 25 /40 M3.0 x 0.5 6H 100 100 ISO 2 + 24 / 40 + 10 / 25 + 25 /40 M3.5 x 0.6 6H 112 90 ISO 2 + 27 / 45 + 10 / 25 + 25 /40 M4.0 x 0.7 6H 118 118 ISO 2 + 29 / 48 + 20 /40 M5 x 0.8 6H 125 125 ISO 2 + 30 / 50 + 20 /40 M6 x 1.0 6H 150 120 ISO 2 + 35 / 59 + 20 /40 M7 x 1.0 6H 150 120 ISO 2 + 35 / 59 + 20 /40 M8 x 1.25 6H 160 130 ISO 2 + 38 / 63 + 20 /40 + 40 / 60 M10 x 1.5 6H 180 140 ISO 2 + 42 / 70 + 20 /40 + 40 / 60 M12 x 1.75 6H 200 160 ISO 2 + 48 / 80 + 40 / 60 + 60 / 80 M14 x 2.0 6H 212 170 ISO 2 + 51 / 85 + 40 / 60 + 60 / 80 M16 x 2.0 6H 212 170 ISO 2 + 51/ 85 + 40 / 60 + 60 / 80 M18 x 2.5 6H 224 190 ISO 2 + 54 / 90 + 40 / 60 + 60 / 80 M20 x 2.5 6H 224 190 ISO 2 + 54 / 90 + 40 / 60 + 60 / 80 M22 x 2.5 6H 224 190 ISO 2 + 54 / 90 + 40 / 60 + 60 / 80 M24 x 3.0 6H 265 200 ISO 2 + 64 / 106 + 40 / 60 + 60 / 80 P limits; they stock the smaller P limit for SP Taps, and the larger P limit for PO taps. Where there is only the one “P” limit; it is the same limit for both SP & PO Taps Metric Taps; Comparison Tap Limits & Product Classes and Grades Technical Information Thread Limits fundamental deviation

37. 413 Application Guide Troubleshooting - Taps Code Problem 1 Thread is oversize 2 Axial miscutting of thread 3 Thread is undersize 4 Thread has bellmouthed entry 5 Thread surface is rough and unclean 6 Low tool life 7 Partial or complete tap breakage on FORWARD or BACKWARD movement 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Possible reason Solution • • • • • • Wrong tap, cutting geometry of the tap is not suitable for this operation Use correct tap for the material group (see Expert Tool System, at www.sutton.com.au) • • • Tap hole diameter is undersize Tap hole diameter should be in accordance to DIN336 or respective standard. For cold forming taps, a special hole diameter is needed. • • • Misalignment - tap hole position, or angle is not correct a) check workpiece clamping b) check machine settings • The axial machine spindle movement is not free and easy a) use mechanical feed b) use tap holder with length compensation • Cold welding on the thread flanks of the tap a) use a new tap b) improve and check lubrication c) remove cold welding area from tap d) use tap with surface treatment or coatings • Poor guidance of the tap because of little thread depth a) use mechanical feed b) use tap that has better guiding characteristics • • • Speed is too high a) improve lubrication b) lower speed • • • Chip clogging a) use tap with different flute form b) use coated taps c) use tap set • • • The lubrication wrong, additives or the coolant supply is not sufficient Make sure that the coolant is correct and that the supply is sufficient • Spiral fluted taps are over pressured in the initial cutting phase (retracting pulling force) Spiral fluted taps should only be lightly pushed into the tap hole until it begins to cut. The tap holder should immediately begin to apply tension to the tap. • Spiral pointed taps (gun taps) are not receiving enough pressure in the initial cutting phase Spiral pointed taps and even left hand spiral flute taps must have a stronger pressure until they begin to cut. The tap holder should immediately begin to apply pressure to the tap (pushing force) • • Tolerance on the tap is not identical to the tolerance on the drawing or on the gauge Use a tap which has a correct tolerance • Wrong initial cutting pressure has been used or the machine spindle is not moving along its axis free and easy a) use mechanical feed b) use tap holder with length compensation • • Tap is over loaded, either from coarse pitch and/or tough material Use set of taps • Cold welding, material build-up (pick-up) a) improve coolant supply, use taps with surface treatments or coatings b) check if surface treatment is correct for this application • • Hardened walls in drilled hole a) use drill best suited to material being drilled b) use new drill or boring tool c) resharpen drilling or boring tools d) if possible, heat treatment and coatings should only be made after threading • Over loading of teeth in the chamfer area a) use a longer chamfer (check if the tap hole is blind hole or through) b) use increased number of teeth in the chamfer area by selecting tap with increased number of flutes • Tap hole chamfer is missing or wrong Countersink tap hole chamfer with correct angle • Tap crashed against the bottom of tap hole Use tap holder with length compensation and over load clutch

53. 429 Lubricants Use: Use of a suitable lubricant or cutting compound is necessary on most tapping operations. The type of lubricant as well as the method of application is often of extreme importance and can be responsible for the success or failure of a tapping operation. Recommendation: Better results can sometimes be obtained by the use of one of the many modified or specialised lubricants recommended by cutting oil specialists. The general principle is to have more EP (Extreme Pressure) additives added with the degree of difficulty, usually hardness increase. Oils stick, and improve frictional properties essential in tapping tough applications. Application: Proper application of the lubricant is just as important as the type used. To be effective, ample quantities of lubricant must reach the chamfer or cutting portion of the tap during the entire tapping operation. In many cases, the lubricant must also aid in controlling or disposing of the chips. Flow: The flow of lubricant should be directed into the hole rather than at the tap and should have sufficient pressure to wash the chips away from the hole as much as possible. Also, if the flow is not continuous, it should start before the tap enters the hole and continue until the tap is completely reversed out of the hole. In this way, ample oil is provided at the start of the cut and loose chips will be suspended in the oil so that they do not interfere with the tap backing out of the hole. On machines where the work revolves and the tap is stationary, it is desirable to use several streams of lubricant on opposite sides of the tap, especially on horizontal tapping. Cleanliness: Tapping lubricants must always be clean. If filter equipment is not used, the lubricant must be replaced periodically to eliminate fine chips, grit and foreign matter that accumulate in the tank. Also, it is very important that the piping and tank are thoroughly flushed and cleaned before filling with new lubricant. The dilution of lubricants often changes during use so that additions may be necessary to maintain the recommended proportion of active materials. Tapping drill formula The correct size of drill to give the desired percentage of thread can be calculated by using the following formula: Thread Type Formula Example Metric (ISO) Drill Size = Nom, Tap Dia, in mm – Pitch M6 x 1 = 5.00mm drill Whitworth Form Threads (inch calculation) 1.28 Drill Size = Nom, Tap Dia, – –––– x % of thread depth TPI 1/4 BSW 75% thread required: 1.28 75 Drill Size = 0.250 – –––– x –––– = 0.250 – 0.048 20 100 Therefore Drill Size = 0.202 Nearest Standard Drill = 5.1mm = 0.2007 inch Unified Form Threads (inch calculation) 1.30 Drill Size = Nom, Tap Dia, – –––– x % of thread depth TPI 1/4 UNC 75% thread required: 1.30 75 Drill Size = 0.250 – –––– x –––– = 0.250 – 0.049 20 100 Therefore Drill Size = 0.201 Nearest Standard Drill = 5.1mm = 0.2007 inch Technical Information Tapping Information Tapping drill The tapping drill hole diameter should be drilled as large as possible, within the respective fitting just under the upper permissible dimension of the tolerance. If the tapping drill hole diameter is too small, then this will cause the thread root diameter (minor diameter) to cut the material. This should be avoided, because the small chips which derive from the root of thread, clog the normal chip flow and rip pieces of material out of the finished thread. Consequently, the tap is overloaded and often breaks because of the high torque. Another problem which occurs in certain materials due to thread root diameter cutting, is when a chip-bulge has been formed around the root radius. The minor diameter of the tap is clogged with small chips, which leads to a clamping of the tool teeth are ripped out, which leads to tool breakage. It is therefore, necessary that the material which is to be tapped, be taken into account when determining the tap hole diameter. Typical materials which do not squeeze or clamp are iron, brass and bronze and materials which squeeze are steels, steel castings and malleable steels. The tap cuts more economically, when the tap drill hole diameter is within the upper range of the permissible tolerance. Warning: When drilling holes in materials which tend to work harden, care is needed to ensure the drills are sharp otherwise tap life is decreased.

66. 442 Limit of tolerance on cutting diameter The tolerance on the cutting diameter measured immediately behind the bevel or taper lead for parallel reamers listed is M6 as specified in BS122-PT2-1964. It is not practicable to standardise reamer limits to suit each grade of hole and the limits chosen are intended to produce H7 holes. Nominal Diameter Range Cutting Edge Diameter Inch mm Inch mm Over Up to and including Over Up to and including High + Low + High + Low + 0.0394 0.1181 1 3 0.0004 0.0001 0.009 0.002 0.1181 0.2362 3 6 0.0005 0.0002 0.012 0.004 0.2362 0.3937 6 10 0.0006 0.0002 0.015 0.006 0.3937 0.7087 10 18 0.0007 0.0003 0.018 0.007 0.7087 1.1181 18 30 0.0008 0.0003 0.021 0.008 1.1811 1.9085 30 50 0.0010 0.0004 0.025 0.009 1.9085 3.1496 50 80 0.0012 0.0004 0.030 0.011 Feeds In reaming, feeds are usually much higher than those used for drilling. The amount per feed may vary with the material, but a good starting point would be between 0.038mm and 0.10mm per flute per revolution. Too low a feed may result in glazing, excessive wear, and occasionally chatter. Too high a feed tends to reduce the accuracy of the hole and may lower the quality of the finish. The basic idea is to use as high a feed as possible and still produce the required accuracy and finish. Stock to be removed For the same reason, insufficient stock for reaming may result in a burnishing rather than a cutting action. It is very difficult to generalise on this phase as it is closely tied with the type of material the finish required, depth of hole, and chip capacity of the reamer. For machine reaming 0.20mm for a 6mm hole, 0.30mm for a 12mm hole, and 0.50mm for a 50mm hole, would be a typical starting point guide. For hand reaming, stock allowances are much smaller, partly because of the difficulty in hand forcing the reamer through greater stock. A common allowance is 0.08mm to 0.13mm. Speeds The most efficient speed for machine reaming is closely tied in with the type of material being reamed, the rigidity of the set-up, and the tolerance or finish required. Quite often the best speed is found to lie around two-thirds the speed used for drilling the same material. A lack of rigidity in the set-up may necessitate slower speeds, while occasionally a very compact, rigid operation may permit still higher speeds. When close tolerances and fine finish are required it is usually found necessary to finish the reamer at considerably lower speeds. In general, reamers do not work well when they chatter. Consequently, one primary consideration in selecting a speed is to stay low enough to eliminate chatter. Other ways of reducing chatter will be considered later, but this one rule holds: SPEEDS MUST NOT BE SO HIGH AS TO PERMIT CHATTER. The following charts gives recommended surface meter per minute values which may be used as a basis from which to start. m/min Aluminium and its alloys ........................................................................ 20 – 35 Brass and Bronze, ordinary .................................................................... 20 – 35 Bronze, high tensile ............................................................................... 18 – 22 Monel Metal ............................................................................................ 8 – 12 Cast Iron, soft ....................................................................................... 22 – 35 Cast iron, hard ...................................................................................... 18 – 22 Cast Iron, chilled ..................................................................................... 7 – 10 Malleable Iron ....................................................................................... 18 – 20 Steel, Annealed ..................................................................................... 13 – 18 Steel, Alloy ............................................................................................ 12 – 13 Steel, Alloy 300-400 Brinell .................................................................... 7 – 10 Stainless Steel ........................................................................................ 5 – 12 Chatter The presence of chatter while reaming has a very bad effect on reamer life and on the finish of the hole. Chatter may be the result of several causes, some of which are listed: 1. Excessive speed. 2. Too much clearance on reamer. 3. Lack of rigidity in jig or machine. 4. Insecure holding of work. 5. Excessive overhang of reamer in spindle. 6. Excessive looseness in floating holder. 7. Too light a feed. Correcting the cause can materially increase both reamer life and the quality of the reamed holes. Coolants for Reaming In reaming, the emphasis is usually on finish and a lubricant is normally chosen for this purpose rather than for cooling. Quite often this means a straight cutting oil. Technical Information Reamers

50. 426 Technical Information Taps Construction dimensions / designs Chamfer Type / Length Table below is in accordance with ISO8830 / DIN2197 Terminology Form Number of threads on lead Chamfer angle ( ≈ ) Type of flute Main area of application Illustration TAPER A 6 to 8 5° Hand or straight flutes Short through holes INTERMEDIATE D 3,5 to 5 8° Hand or straight Generally for Through holes BOTTOMING E* 1,5 to 2 23° Hand or straight flutes Blind holes with very short thread runout INTERMEDIATE B 3,5 to 5 10° Straight, with spiral point Through holes in medium & long chipping materials BOTTOMING C 2 to 3 15° Spiral fluted Generally for blind holes * Use of this type is not recommended Style Standard Illustration Short Machine & Hand Taps ISO 529 JIS (J TYPE) Reinforced Shank Taps DIN371 Reduced Shank Taps DIN374 / DIN376 / DIN5156 Machine Nut Taps ANSI B949 Standard Pipe Taps Rc( BSPT ), G ( BSPF ), Rp ( BSPPL ) - ISO 2284 Standard NPT, NPTF, NPSF - ANSI B949 Standard Tap Styles Style 1 3 Lobe 4 Lobe Style 3 Style 4 Style 5 Style 6 l 2 l 1 d 2 sq l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 3 Style 2 l 3 Style 1 3 Lobe 4 Lobe Style 3 Style 4 Style 5 Style 6 l 2 l 1 d 2 sq l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 3 Style 2 l 3 Style 1 3 Lobe 4 Lobe Style 3 Style 4 Style 5 Style 6 l 2 l 1 d 2 sq l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 3 Style 2 l 3 Style 1 3 Lobe 4 Lobe Style 3 Style 4 Style 5 Style 6 l 2 l 1 d 2 sq l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 3 Style 2 l 3 Style 1 3 Lobe 4 Lobe Style 3 Style 4 Style 5 Style 6 l 2 l 1 d 2 sq l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 3 Style 2 l 3 Style 1 3 Lobe 4 Lobe Style 3 Style 4 Style 5 Style 6 l 2 l 1 d 2 sq l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 2 l 1 sq d 2 l 3 Style 2 l 3

31. 407 ISO P M S H VDI 9, 11 14.2, 14.3 34, 35, 37.3, 37.5 3 8.1 Material Steel - Low alloy & cast Steel - High alloy, cast & tool Stainless Steel High temp. alloys Titanium & Ti alloys Hardened Steel Ø l 3 ae x Ø ap x Ø Vc Fz n Vf Vc Fz n Vf Vc Fz n Vf Vc Fz n Vf 0.2 0.5 0.05 0.20 25 0.003 40000 240 25 0.003 40000 240 25 0.003 40000 240 25 0.003 40000 240 0.2 1 0.05 0.20 25 0.003 40000 240 25 0.003 40000 240 25 0.003 40000 240 25 0.003 40000 240 0.2 1.5 0.05 0.15 21 0.002 34000 144 21 0.002 34000 144 21 0.002 34000 144 21 0.002 34000 144 0.4 2 0.05 0.20 50 0.004 40000 320 50 0.004 40000 320 50 0.004 40000 320 50 0.004 40000 320 0.4 4 0.02 0.10 35 0.003 28000 160 35 0.003 28000 160 35 0.003 28000 160 35 0.003 28000 160 0.5 2 0.05 0.20 62 0.006 39099 433 62 0.006 39099 433 62 0.006 39099 433 63 0.004 40000 320 0.5 6 0.02 0.10 43 0.004 27369 217 43 0.004 27369 217 43 0.004 27369 217 44 0.003 28000 160 0.6 2 0.05 0.20 68 0.006 35916 448 68 0.006 35916 448 68 0.006 35916 448 73 0.006 38568 469 0.6 4 0.05 0.15 57 0.004 30528 269 57 0.004 30528 269 57 0.004 30528 269 62 0.004 32783 281 0.6 6 0.02 0.10 47 0.004 25141 224 47 0.004 25141 224 47 0.004 25141 224 51 0.004 26998 234 0.6 8 0.02 0.10 47 0.004 25141 224 47 0.004 25141 224 47 0.004 25141 224 51 0.004 26998 234 0.8 4 0.05 0.20 70 0.007 27852 406 70 0.007 27852 406 70 0.007 27852 406 80 0.007 31831 462 0.8 6 0.05 0.15 60 0.005 23674 244 60 0.005 23674 244 60 0.005 23674 244 68 0.005 27056 277 0.8 8 0.02 0.10 49 0.005 19496 203 49 0.005 19496 203 49 0.005 19496 203 56 0.005 22282 231 1.0 4 0.05 0.20 70 0.009 22282 395 70 0.009 22282 395 70 0.009 22282 395 80 0.009 25465 449 1.0 6 0.05 0.15 60 0.006 18940 237 60 0.006 18940 237 60 0.006 18940 237 68 0.006 21645 269 1.0 8 0.05 0.15 60 0.006 18940 237 60 0.006 18940 237 60 0.006 18940 237 68 0.006 21645 269 1.0 10 0.02 0.10 49 0.006 15597 197 49 0.006 15597 197 49 0.006 15597 197 56 0.006 17826 224 1.0 12 0.02 0.10 49 0.006 15597 197 49 0.006 15597 197 49 0.006 15597 197 56 0.006 17826 224 1.0 14 0.02 0.10 49 0.006 15597 197 49 0.006 15597 197 49 0.006 15597 197 56 0.006 17826 224 1.0 20 0.02 0.10 42 0.006 13369 158 42 0.006 13369 158 42 0.006 13369 158 48 0.006 15279 179 1.2 8 0.05 0.15 60 0.006 15783 210 60 0.006 15783 210 60 0.006 15783 210 68 0.006 18037 239 1.2 10 0.05 0.15 60 0.006 15783 210 60 0.006 15783 210 60 0.006 15783 210 68 0.006 18037 239 1.2 12 0.02 0.10 49 0.006 12998 175 49 0.006 12998 175 49 0.006 12998 175 56 0.006 14854 199 2.0 6 0.05 0.20 70 0.014 11141 315 70 0.014 11141 315 70 0.014 11141 315 80 0.014 12733 359 2.0 8 0.05 0.20 70 0.014 11141 315 70 0.014 11141 315 70 0.014 11141 315 80 0.014 12733 359 2.0 12 0.05 0.15 60 0.010 9469 189 60 0.010 9469 189 60 0.010 9469 189 68 0.010 10823 215 2.0 16 0.05 0.15 60 0.010 9469 189 60 0.010 9469 189 60 0.010 9469 189 68 0.010 10823 215 2.0 20 0.02 0.10 49 0.010 7798 158 49 0.010 7798 158 49 0.010 7798 158 56 0.010 8913 179 2.0 30 0.02 0.10 49 0.010 7798 158 49 0.010 7798 158 49 0.010 7798 158 56 0.010 8913 179 3.0 10 0.05 0.20 70 0.019 7427 289 70 0.019 7427 289 70 0.019 7427 289 80 0.019 8488 328 3.0 16 0.05 0.20 70 0.019 7427 289 70 0.019 7427 289 70 0.019 7427 289 80 0.019 8488 328 3.0 25 0.05 0.15 60 0.013 6313 173 60 0.013 6313 173 60 0.013 6313 173 68 0.013 7215 197 3.0 30 0.02 0.10 49 0.013 5199 144 49 0.013 5199 144 49 0.013 5199 144 56 0.013 5942 164 LEGEND Ø = nominal tool diameter (mm) n = Spindel speed (RPM -1 ) v c = Cutting speed (m/min) F z = Feed rate per tooth (mm/tooth) v f = Feed rate (mm/min) a p = Cutting depth (mm) a e = Cutting width (mm) E582 Ae Ap

51. 427 Technical Information Taps Tap Types - Helix direction/ Helical pitch / Fluteless The helix angle depends primarily upon the hole form, eg. Through hole , blind hole, deep blind hole, etc., but the material, eg short chips, long chips, also has a strong influence on the direction of the helix. The following basic forms have derived during the development of taps: Description Illustration 1 Straight Flutes (Hand) - Suitable for through or blind holes. The flutes only have room for a small amount of chips. The chips are not transported axially. Therefore, it is not advisable to cut deep through or blind holes (except in short chipping materials), with this type. 2 Straight Flutes with (Gun) – Suitable for through holes, the gun point curls the chip forward ahead of the tap & out of the hole. Therefore, chip clogging is avoided and coolant can flow without problems. 3 Spiral Flutes (LH Spiral, right hand cutting) – Suitable for interrupted through holes, where cross-holes exist. The direction of the flutes, curls & transports the chips forward of the tap, similar to Gun taps (also, opposite to RH spiral flutes). However, in applications where another hole intersects with the tapped hole, the helical flutes maintain the pitching of the thread. 4 15° Spiral Flutes (RH Spiral) – Suitable for blind holes, best suited to tough short chipping materials, up to 1.5 x D in depth. This particular tap design has no advantages for soft, and long chipping materials, especially over 1.5 x d 1 in depth. Due to the slow helix angle not transporting the chips well, clogging is possible. 5 40° to 50° Spiral Flutes (RH Spiral) – Suitable for blind holes, best suited to long chipping materials, the high helix angle & the direction of the flutes, curls & transports the chips back out of the hole. This particular tap style is required to cut on reversal; therefore flute rake is required on the both front & back flute faces. 6 Thredflo/Roll taps (fluteless) - Suitable for blind & through holes. This type of tap internally rolls a thread, therefore displacing the metal rather than cutting, like the above mentioned styles. Due to torque generated when producing roll threads, much higher machine power is required. Roll threads also produce much stronger threads than cut threads, as the grain structure of the thread remains uniform through the thread form profile. Note! Tapping drill size is not the same as a cut thread tap. The above basic tool types are available in different variations, which have been designed & developed in respect to the specific materials and working conditions. For blind holes, there are generally two thread runout forms used at the bottom of the tap hole. One form has a recessed diameter at the bottom of the hole, and the other form has a standard runout. Other types of holes are respective to construction designs, eg. a) The bore is smaller than the tap hole diameter (typical for pipes) b) As step hole, where the following diameter (second step), is smaller than the tap hole diameter. Tap Hole Type The two basic types of tapping holes are blind holes and through holes. Through Holes D D D D Upto 1xD (eg. nu t) thread exits on e- si ded > 1.5 xD < 1.5xD D D D D Upto 1xD (eg. nu t) thread exits on e- si ded > 1.5 xD < 1.5xD D D D D Upto 1xD (eg. nu t) thread exits on e- si ded > 1.5 xD < 1.5xD D D D D Upto 1xD (eg. nu t) thread exits on e- si ded > 1.5 xD < 1.5xD Blind Holes D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D Thread exit one side up to 1xD (e.g. nutter) 2 4 3 4 5 6 4 5 6 4 5 6 4 5 6 4 4 5 5 1 1 2 2 6 6

69. Customer No.: New Customer Company: Address: State / Province: Country: Order No. | | | | | | | | | | | | | Contact: Phone: Fax: Email: Please copy and fax to our Special Sales Dept. on (61 3) 5572 2944 SUTTON TOOLS 214 Coleraine Road, Hamilton Vic 3300 Tel. (61 3) 5571 1322 Fax. (61 3) 5572 2944 Email. specsales@sutton.com.au APPLICATION HSS DRILLS - SPECIAL ENQUIRY Drawing / Notes Item # 499980185A Basic Geometry Tool Type: …… Drill …… Step Drill …… Countersinks …… Subland Drills …… Core Drills …… Centre Drills Total Length (mm): ____________________________________ Number of Steps: …… Without …… With ___________________________________________ steps Step Diameter (mm): …… d 1 ____________________ … d 2 _______________________ …… d 3 ____________________ … d 4 _______________________ …… d 5 ____________________ … d 6 _______________________ Point Design Point Geometry: …… Relieved Cone …… For Grey Cast Iron …… Centre Point …… Facet Point Grind …… other ________________________________________________ Special Point Grind, Form: … A … B … C Spiral: … RH … LH Tool Material: …… HSS …… HSS-E …… PM HSS-E …… other ________________________________________________ Plus Coating:  Ye s  No …… TiN …… TiCN …… TiAIN …… Steam Oxide …… other ________________________________________________ Plus Internal Cooling:  Ye s  No Shank Design: …… Reinforced …… Without Flat …… With Flat …… Parallel Straight Shank …… Morse Taper …… other ________________________________________________ Drill Details Quantity:

68. Customer No.: New Customer Company: Address: State / Province: Country: Order No. | | | | | | | | | | | | | Contact: Phone: Fax: Email: Please copy and fax to our Special Sales Dept. on (61 3) 5572 2944 SUTTON TOOLS 214 Coleraine Road, Hamilton Vic 3300 Tel. (61 3) 5571 1322 Fax. (61 3) 5572 2944 Email. specsales@sutton.com.au APPLICATION TAP - SPECIAL ENQUIRY Item # 499980185B Basic Geometry …… Thread Cutting …… Thread Forming Size: ___________________ Thread Limit: ____________ NB: If special thread form, please supply details on separate drawing. d 1 ________________________ d 2 ________________________ I 1 ________________________ I 2 ________________________ I 3 ________________________ I 4 ________________________ sq a/f ______________________ Tool Material …… HSS …… HSS V3 …… PM-HSSE V3 …… PM-HSS Co …… SPM …… VHM Coating …… Uncoated …… Steam Oxide …… TiN …… TiAlN …… TiCN …… other __________________ Existing Method Manufacturer: _____________ _________________________ Dimensions:______________ Tolerance: _______________ Product No: ______________ Speed: __________________ Workpiece Details Component: _________________________________________ Material Group: _______________________________________ Material Grade: _______________________________________ Characteristics of Material: …… Short Chipping … Long Chipping Hole Type: …… Through Hole …… Blind Hole Tapping Hole Size: __________ … Drilled … Cast … Punched Hole Depth: _________________________________________ Machine Details Machine Type: …… CNC …… Semi Auto …… Manual Machine Direction: …… Vertical …… Horizontal …… Oblique Work Piece Holder: …… Stationary …… Rotating Coolant: …… Neat Oil …… Mist / Dry …… Emulsion >5% …… Emulsion >10% Feed: …… CNC …… Mechanical …… Pneumatic …… Hydraulic …… Manual Tapping Attachment: …… Tapping Chuck …… Tension …… Compression …… Tapping Attachment …… Ta pping Chuck (rigid) …… Collet Chuck (length compensating) Drawing / Notes Tap Details Quantity:

71. Customer No.: New Customer Company: Address: State / Province: Country: Order No. | | | | | | | | | | | | | Contact: Phone: Fax: Email: Please copy and fax to our Special Sales Dept. on (61 3) 5572 2944 SUTTON TOOLS 214 Coleraine Road, Hamilton Vic 3300 Tel. (61 3) 5571 1322 Fax. (61 3) 5572 2944 Email. specsales@sutton.com.au APPLICATION MILLING - SPECIAL ENQUIRY Item # 499980185D Basic Geometry Range Norm-Ø d 2 (3 – 20mm) Shank-Ø d 2 to DIN 6535 (4 – 20mm) Shank length l 3 to DIN 6535 mm Total length l 1 Ø 3 – 10mm (28 – 100mm) from Ø 10 – 20mm (56 – 150mm) Cutting length l 2 Ø 3 – 10mm (3 – 40mm) from Ø 10 – 20mm (10 – 65mm) Helix angle w 2 Ø 3 – 6mm (20o – 45o) from Ø 6 – 20mm (20o – 55o) No. of cutting edges Ø 3 – 6mm (2 – 4mm) from Ø 6 – 20mm (2 – 6mm) from Ø 16 – 20mm (2 – 8mm) Shank Design Straight Shank (DIN 6535) … HA … HB … HE Peripheral Geometry Finishing endmills (Ø 3 – 20mm) … …… N … with Chip Breaker Roughing endmills (Ø 6 – 20mm) … …… Fine … Coarse Face Geometry Point angle w s ( 180º + 5º) Cutting to Centre … Ye s … No Corner Preparation Sharp edge … Ye s … No Corner protection mm x 45º (Ø 0.03 – 1.5mm ) Corner radius mm x d 1 (Ø 0.3 – 2/3mm) Ballnose … Ye s … No Plus Internal Cooling  Ye s  No (Ø 4 – 20mm) Plus Coating  Ye s  No … TiN … TiCN … TiAN … AlCrN (Ø 4 – 20mm) Tool Material Specify grade (if known) … Carbide … PM-HSSE … HSS-Co … HSS Detail Regarding Application Range of applications Material description Material hardness (N/mm 2 or HRC) Application types … Slotting … Roughing … Finishing … Copy milling Finishing Copy milling Slotting Roughing Drawing / Notes Endmill Details Quantity: Sharp edge Corner protection Corner radius Ballnose

40. 416 Trade Name Coating Coating Structure Micro- hardness Coeff. of Friction vs Steel Thermal Stability Colour Application & Benefits Brt - - - 0.8 - 1.0 - - • For general purpose applications Blu Steam Oxide - - 0.8 - 1.0 - Blue - Black • For ferrous metals • Prevents chip build-up on the cutting edges, especially in low carbon steels • Oxide layer protects surface • Good carrier of lubricants Ni Plasma Nitride - - 0.8 - 1.0 - - • Increases surface hardness • Better lubricant carrying properties • Abrasive materials - cast iron and Aluminium alloys Futura Nano (TiAlN) Titanium Aluminium Nitride Nano Layer 3300 HV 0.3 - 0.35 up to 1652°F Violet - Grey • Abrasive materials - cast iron and heat treated steel • Difficult to machine materials, such as stainless steel • Higher speeds and feeds • Reduces or eliminates use of coolants Hardlube TiAlN + WC/C Nano Layer 3000 HV 0.15-0.20 up to 1472°F Dark Grey • Excellent friction and lubricating properties of the coating provide optimal chip flow • Tapping and drilling of hard to machine materials • Suitable for minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) and dry machining Alcrona (AlCrN) Aluminium Chromium Nitride Mono Layer 3200 HV 0.35 up to 2012°F Blue - Grey • Low alloy steels and high tensile steels • Hardened steels up to 54 HRC • Ideal for carbide tools Helica Alcrona based Multi Layer 3000 HV 0.25 up to 1100°C Copper • Longer tool life • Higher cutting speeds and feeds • Superb chip evacuation • Greater number of regrinds • Improved drill hole quality • Excellent performance in abrasive material Aldura TiAlN + ALCrXn Multi Layer 3300 HV <0.4 >1100°C Blue - Grey • High speed machining • Suitable for minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) and dry machining • Machining of hardened steels (>60HRC) • Ideal for carbide tools TiCN Titanium Carbonitride Gradient Coating 3000 HV 0.4 up to 752°F Blue - Grey • High performance applications • Difficult to machine materials • Abrasive materials - cast iron and Aluminium alloys • Adhesive materials - copper and copper based alloys TiN Titanium Nitride Mono Layer 2300 HV 0.4 up to 1112°F Gold - Yellow • General purpose use • Wide range of materials • 3 to 8 times longer tool life than uncoated tools • Higher tool speeds and feeds than uncoated tools TiSiN TiSi based Multi Layer 3600 HV 0.3 <1200°C Copper • Suitable for high speed (wet / dry) and hard machining for difficult materials above 52 HRC. • Suitable for high speed machining with hardened steels above 60 HRC to maximum of 63 HRC • Vc & vf = +50% CrN Chromium Nitride Gradient Coating 1750 HV 0.5 up to 1292°F Silver - Grey • Cutting and forming of copper, nickel, & monel metal • Enhanced thermal stability and oxidation resistance • Excellent corrosion resistance • Low internal stress of coating results in excellent adhesion un der high loads Latest advances in thin film coatings to optimise your machining application Technical Information Coatings & Surface Finish

70. Customer No.: New Customer Company: Address: State / Province: Country: Order No. | | | | | | | | | | | | | Contact: Phone: Fax: Email: Please copy and fax to our Special Sales Dept. on (61 3) 5572 2944 SUTTON TOOLS 214 Coleraine Road, Hamilton Vic 3300 Tel. (61 3) 5571 1322 Fax. (61 3) 5572 2944 Email. specsales@sutton.com.au Item # 499980185C APPLICATION CARBIDE DRILL - SPECIAL ENQUIRY WITH Internal Cooling WITHOUT Internal Cooling SOLID CARBIDE DRILL WITHOUT STEP Quantity: Quantity: Carbide grade (specify if known) (specify if known) Norm-Ø d 2 (4 – 20mm) (3 – 20mm) Shank-Ø d 2 (DIN 6535) (DIN 6535) Shank length l 3 (DIN 6535) (DIN 6535) Shank form … HA … HE (DIN 6535) … HA … HE (DIN 6535) Drilling depth l 3 (maximum 7 x D) (maximum 7 x D) Flute length l 2 (9.5 – 155mm) (9.5 – 155mm) Total length l 1 (60 – 205mm) (60 – 205mm) Point angle … 120° … 130° … 140° … 120° … 130° … 140° Point geometry (specify if known) (specify if known) Surface finish/coating … Uncoated … TiN … TiCN … TiAN … AlCrN … Uncoated … TiN … TiCN … TiAN … AlCrN Cost per tool $ $ SOLID CARBIDE STEP DRILL Quantity: Quantity: Carbide grade (specify if known) (specify if known) Step-Ø d 1 (4 – 20mm) (3 – 20mm) Body-Ø d 1 (4 – 20mm) (3 – 20mm) Shank-Ø d 3 (DIN 6535) (DIN 6535) Shank length l 3 (DIN 6535) (DIN 6535) Shank form … HA … HE (DIN 6535) … HA … HE (DIN 6535) Step length l 4 (3 – 100mm) (3 – 100mm) Drilling depth l 3 (maximum 7 x D) (maximum 7 x D) Flute length l 2 (9.5 – 155mm) (9.5 – 155mm) Total length l 1 (60 – 205mm) (60 – 205mm) Point angle … 120° … 130° … 140° … 120° … 130° … 140° Step angle … 60° … 90° … 120° … 60° … 90° … 120° Point geometry (specify if known) (specify if known) Surface finish/coating … Uncoated … TiN … TiCN … TiAN … AlCrN … Uncoated … TiN … TiCN … TiAN … AlCrN Cost per tool $ $

2. 378 Contents Page General Coatings & surface finishes .................................................................... Conversion tables - metric/imperial ......................................................... Hardness table ....................................................................................... Manufacturing tolerances ....................................................................... Materials - Tool ...................................................................................... Materials - Workpiece ............................................................................ Shank designs Tool application - Colour band selection ................................................... - Carbide tools ....................................................................................... - HSS tools ............................................................................................ Drills Drill point types ...................................................................................... Drill terminology ..................................................................................... Drill tolerances ....................................................................................... Hints on use and maintenance ................................................................ Speeds & feeds - Carbide ............................................................................................... - HSS .................................................................................................... Trouble shooting - Drills .......................................................................... Taps Chamfer type/length ............................................................................... Construction dimensions/designs ............................................................ Fluteless taps - Benefits & features .............................................................................. - Tapping drill chart ................................................................................ Lubricants ............................................................................................. Speeds & feeds ..................................................................................... Tap geometry ......................................................................................... Tap hole types ....................................................................................... Tap types ............................................................................................... Tap terminology ..................................................................................... Tapping drill ........................................................................................... Tapping drill formula ............................................................................... Tapping drill size chart ............................................................................ Tapping information ............................................................................... Thread systems - ISO Metric ........................................................................................... - Unified ................................................................................................ - Whitworth ........................................................................................... - ISO Pipe .............................................................................................. Trouble shooting - Taps .......................................................................... Contents Page Endmills Endmill terminology ................................................................................ Climb & conventional milling ................................................................... Endmill types ......................................................................................... Speeds & feeds - Carbide ............................................................................................... - HSS .................................................................................................... Trouble shooting - Endmills ..................................................................... Literature Black Books ........................................................................................... Reamers Hints on use ......................................................................................... Tolerances ............................................................................................. Trouble shooting - Reamers .................................................................... Enquiry forms for special tools HSS Drills .............................................................................................. Carbide drills ......................................................................................... Endmills ................................................................................................ Taps ...................................................................................................... Technical Information Index 416 417 418 420 420 421 422 423 423 423 424 425 429 426 426 427 427 428 429 429 430 432 433 429 434 437 438 439 380 388 386 392 412 413 440 440 441 442 442 445 446 447 444 408 398 414 379 415 382

43. 419 Metric Imperial Inch Gauge 6.000 0.2362 6.045 0.2380 B 6.100 0.2402 6.147 0.2420 C 6.200 0.2441 6.248 0.2460 D 6.300 0.2480 6.350 1/4 0.2500 E 6.400 0.2520 6.500 0.2559 6.528 0.2570 F 6.600 0.2598 6.629 0.2610 G 6.700 0.2638 6.747 17/64 0.2656 6.756 0.2660 H 6.800 0.2677 6.900 0.2717 6.909 0.2720 I 7.000 0.2756 7.036 0.2770 J 7.100 0.2795 7.137 0.2810 K 7.144 9/32 0.2813 7.200 0.2835 7.300 0.2874 7.366 0.2900 L 7.400 0.2913 7.493 0.2950 M 7.500 0.2953 7.541 19/64 0.2969 7.600 0.2992 7.671 0.3020 N 7.700 0.3031 7.800 0.3071 7.900 0.3110 7.938 5/16 0.3125 8.000 0.3150 8.026 0.3160 O 8.100 0.3189 8.200 0.3228 8.204 0.3230 P 8.300 0.3268 8.334 21/64 0.3281 8.400 0.3307 8.433 0.3320 Q 8.500 0.3346 8.600 0.3386 8.611 0.3390 R 8.700 0.3425 8.731 11/32 0.3438 Metric Imperial Inch Gauge 8.800 0.3465 8.839 0.3480 S 8.900 0.3504 9.000 0.3543 9.093 0.3580 T 9.100 0.3583 9.128 23/64 0.3594 9.200 0.3622 9.300 0.3661 9.347 0.3680 U 9.400 0.3701 9.500 0.3740 9.525 3/8 0.3750 9.576 0.3770 V 9.600 0.3780 9.700 0.3819 9.800 0.3858 9.804 0.3860 W 9.900 0.3898 9.922 25/64 0.3906 10.000 0.3937 10.084 0.3970 X 10.200 0.4016 10.262 0.4040 Y 10.319 13/32 0.4063 10.490 0.4130 Z 10.500 0.4134 10.716 27/64 0.4219 10.800 0.4252 11.000 0.4331 11.112 7/16 0.4375 11.200 0.4409 11.500 0.4528 11.509 29/64 0.4531 11.800 0.4646 11.906 15/32 0.4688 12.000 0.4724 12.200 0.4803 12.303 31/64 0.4844 12.500 0.4921 12.700 1/2 0.5000 12.800 0.5039 13.000 0.5118 13.097 33/64 0.5156 13.494 17/32 0.5313 13.500 0.5315 13.891 35/64 0.5469 14.000 0.5512 14.288 9/16 0.5625 14.500 0.5709 14.684 37/64 0.5781 Metric Imperial Inch Gauge 15.000 0.5906 15.081 19/32 0.5938 15.478 39/64 0.6094 15.500 0.6102 15.875 5/8 0.6250 16.000 0.6299 16.272 41/64 0.6406 16.500 0.6496 16.669 21/32 0.6563 17.000 0.6693 17.066 43/64 0.6719 17.462 11/16 0.6875 17.500 0.6890 17.859 45/64 0.7031 18.000 0.7087 18.256 23/32 0.7188 18.500 0.7283 18.653 47/64 0.7344 19.000 0.7480 19.050 3/4 0.7500 19.447 49/64 0.7656 19.500 0.7677 19.844 25/32 0.7813 20.000 0.7874 20.241 51/64 0.7969 20.500 0.8071 20.638 13/16 0.8125 21.000 0.8268 21.034 53/64 0.8281 21.431 27/32 0.8438 21.500 0.8465 21.828 55/64 0.8594 22.000 0.8661 22.225 7/8 0.8750 22.500 0.8858 22.622 57/64 0.8906 23.000 0.9055 23.019 29/32 0.9063 23.416 59/64 0.9219 23.500 0.9252 23.812 15/16 0.9375 24.000 0.9449 24.209 61/64 0.9531 24.500 0.9646 24.606 31/32 0.9688 25.000 0.9843 25.003 63/64 0.9844 25.400 1 1.0000 Technical Information Conversion Tables

42. 418 Metric Imperial Inch Gauge 0.010 0.0004 0.100 0.0039 0.150 0.0059 97 0.160 0.0063 96 0.170 0.0067 95 0.180 0.0071 94 0.190 0.0075 93 0.200 0.0079 92 0.210 0.0083 91 0.220 0.0087 90 0.230 0.0091 89 0.240 0.0094 88 0.254 0.0100 87 0.270 0.0106 86 0.280 0.0110 85 0.290 0.0114 84 0.300 0.0118 0.305 0.0120 83 0.317 0.0125 82 0.330 0.0130 81 0.343 0.0135 80 0.368 0.0145 79 0.397 1/64 0.0156 0.400 0.0157 0.406 0.0160 78 0.457 0.0180 77 0.500 0.0197 0.508 0.0200 76 0.533 0.0210 75 0.572 0.0225 74 0.600 0.0236 0.610 0.0240 73 0.635 0.0250 72 0.660 0.0260 71 0.700 0.0276 0.711 0.0280 70 0.742 0.0292 69 0.787 0.0310 68 0.794 1/32 0.0313 0.800 0.0315 0.813 0.0320 67 0.838 0.0330 66 0.889 0.0350 65 0.900 0.0354 0.914 0.0360 64 0.940 0.0370 63 0.965 0.0380 62 0.991 0.0390 61 1.000 0.0394 1.016 0.0400 60 1.041 0.0410 59 Metric Imperial Inch Gauge 1.067 0.0420 58 1.092 0.0430 57 1.181 0.0465 56 1.191 3/64 0.0469 1.321 0.0520 55 1.397 0.0550 54 1.511 0.0595 53 1.588 1/16 0.0625 1.613 0.0635 52 1.702 0.0670 51 1.778 0.0700 50 1.854 0.0730 49 1.900 0.0748 1.930 0.0760 48 1.984 5/64 0.0781 1.994 0.0785 47 2.000 0.0787 2.057 0.0810 46 2.083 0.0820 45 2.184 0.0860 44 2.261 0.0890 43 2.375 0.0935 42 2.381 3/32 0.0938 2.438 0.0960 41 2.489 0.0980 40 2.527 0.0995 39 2.578 0.1015 38 2.642 0.1040 37 2.705 0.1065 36 2.778 7/64 0.1094 2.794 0.1100 35 2.819 0.1110 34 2.870 0.1130 33 2.946 0.1160 32 3.000 0.1181 3.048 0.1200 31 3.100 0.1220 3.175 1/8 0.1250 3.200 0.1260 3.264 0.1285 30 3.300 0.1299 3.400 0.1339 3.454 0.1360 29 3.500 0.1378 3.569 0.1405 28 3.572 9/64 0.1406 3.600 0.1417 3.658 0.1440 27 3.700 0.1457 3.734 0.1470 26 3.797 0.1495 25 Metric Imperial Inch Gauge 3.800 0.1496 3.861 0.1520 24 3.900 0.1535 3.912 0.1540 23 3.969 5/32 0.1563 3.988 0.1570 22 4.000 0.1575 4.039 0.1590 21 4.089 0.1610 20 4.100 0.1614 4.200 0.1654 4.216 0.1660 19 4.300 0.1693 4.305 0.1695 18 4.366 11/64 0.1719 4.394 0.1730 17 4.400 0.1732 4.496 0.1770 16 4.500 0.1772 4.572 0.1800 15 4.600 0.1811 4.623 0.1820 14 4.700 0.1850 13 4.762 3/16 0.1875 4.800 0.1890 12 4.851 0.1910 11 4.900 0.1929 4.915 0.1935 10 4.978 0.1960 9 5.000 0.1969 5.055 0.1990 8 5.100 0.2008 5.105 0.2010 7 5.159 13/64 0.2031 5.182 0.2040 6 5.200 0.2047 5.220 0.2055 5 5.300 0.2087 5.309 0.2090 4 5.400 0.2126 5.410 0.2130 3 5.500 0.2165 5.556 7/32 0.2188 5.600 0.2205 5.613 0.2210 2 5.700 0.2244 5.791 0.2280 1 5.800 0.2283 5.900 0.2323 5.944 0.2340 A 5.953 15/64 0.2344 Technical Information Conversion Tables

20. 396 ISO VDI Material Group Sutton P A Steel N UNI M R Stainless Steel VA K F Cast Iron GG N N Non-Ferrous Metals, Aluminiums & Coppers AI W S S Titaniums & Super Alloys Ti Ni H H Hard Materials (≥ 45 HRC) H ^ VDI 3323 material groups can also be determined by referring to the workpiece material cross reference listing. Refer to main index of this section. THREAD FORMING THROUGH HOLES BLIND/THROUGH FOR TAPPING BLIND HOLES Catalogue Code M T514 T520 T629 T499 T500 T548 T294 T296 T503 T504 T609 T690 T570 T575 T577 UNC T526 T662 T615 T616 T618 T619 UNF T538 T544 T621 T622 T625 T626 Material HSS Co.8 PM-HSSE V3 HSSE V3 SPM VHM HSSE V3 PM-HSSE V3 PM-HSS Co Surface Finish TiN TiCN Brt Blu TiCN Brt Blu Brt Blu Blu Brt Sutton Designation N NH N VA XH VH N Al VA VADH NH H Geometry Single Coolant Groove Multi Coolant Groove Single Coolant Groove Special Relief Special Relief R40 R45 2 Flute R40 R15 Thread Depth ≤ 3xØ ≤ 3xØ ≤ 1.5xØ ≤ 2.5xØ ≤ 2.5xØ ≤ 1.5xØ ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc (m/min) Vc (m/min) Vc (m/min) Vc (m/min) P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 18 18 18 12 13 13 - - 10 11 - 11 18 - - 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 18 18 18 12 13 13 - - 10 11 - 11 15 - - 3 QT 250 840 15 15 15 10 11 11 - - 8 9 - 9 12 11 8 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 17 17 17 11 12 12 - - 9 10 - - 12 12 8 5 QT 300 1010 - - - - - - 11 16 - - - - - 10 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 18 18 18 12 13 13 - - 10 11 - 11 12 - - 7 QT 275 930 - - - 8 9 9 - - 6 7 - 7 10 8 6 8 QT 300 1010 - - - - - - 7 11 - - - - - 6 5 9 QT 350 1180 - - - - - - 4 5 - - - - - - 4 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 - - - - - - 9 14 - - - - - 8 5 11 HT 325 1100 - - - - - - 7 11 - - - - - - 4 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - - - 6 6 - - - 4 - 4 4 5 4 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 - - - - - - 4 5 - - - - - - 4 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 9 9 9 - 7 7 - - - 5 - 5 8 6 - 14.2 Duplex 250 840 6 6 6 - 4 4 - - - 4 - 4 5 4 - 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - - - - 3 3 - - - 3 - 3 4 3 4 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 - - - 12 13 - - - 10 11 - - - 13 20 16 Pearlitic 260 880 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11 15 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 - - - 12 13 - - - 10 11 - - - 13 14 18 Pearlitic 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11 14 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 - - - 15 17 - - - 12 13 - - - 16 14 20 Pearlitic 230 780 - - - 12 13 - - - 10 11 - - - 13 14 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 18 18 18 12 - - - - 10 - 10 - - - - 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 23 23 23 15 - - - - 12 - 12 - - - - 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 23 23 23 15 - - - - 12 - 12 - - - - 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 23 23 23 15 - - - - 12 - 12 - - - - 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 12 12 12 8 - - - - 6 - 6 - - - - 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 - - - 18 - - 21 32 14 - - - - - 14 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 21 21 21 - - - - - - - 11 - - - - 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 32 AH 280 950 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 34 AH 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 35 C 320 1080 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC - - - - - - 4 5 - - - - - - - 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - 4 - - - - - - - 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - 4 - - - - - - - 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - 4 - - - - - - - 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 15 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - 4 - - - - - - - Condition: A (Annealed), AH (Age Hardened), C (Cast), HT (Hardened & Tempered), QT (Quenched & Tempered) Bold = Optimal | Regular = Effective Application Guide Speeds & Feeds - Taps JIS Notes on Tapping 1. The speeds listed above are a recommendation only, and are based on depth of thread listed, speeds can be adjusted on application. As a general rule; -If hole depth required is less than above mentioned = increase speed -If hole depth required is more than above mentioned = reduce speed 2. Taps must be driven by the square to eliminate slippage, eg, ER-GB collets (square drive). 3. When using spiral flute taps with length compensation tapping attachment, it is recommended to short pitch the feed 95%, to eliminate tap cutting oversize, eg. M6x1 @ 1000RPM, Feedrate= 950mm/min. Ø = nominal tap size (mm) P = thread pitch (mm) n = spindle speed (RPM) v c = cutting speed (m/min) v f = feed rate (mm/min) v r = feed rate per rev (mm/rev) n = v c × 1000 v c x 318 Ø × π Ø v c = n x Ø × π n x Ø 1000 318 v f = n x P METRIC TAPS (mm size)

4. 380 Application Guide Colour Band Selection for general purpose for universal materials for aluminiums for soft materials for copper materials for tough materials for cast iron materials for hard materials for extra hard materials for very hard materials for titaniums for nickels N UNI AI W Cu VA GG H XH VH Ti Ni ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 • • • • 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 • • • • 3 QT 250 840 • • • • • 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 • • • • • 5 QT 300 1010 • • • 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 • • • • 7 QT 275 930 • • • • • 8 QT 300 1010 • • • 9 QT 350 1180 • • • • 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 • • • • 11 HT 325 1100 • • • • 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 • • • 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 • • • • • M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 • • 14.2 Duplex 250 840 • • • 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 • • • • K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 • • • • 16 Pearlitic 260 880 • • • • 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 • • • • 18 Pearlitic 250 840 • • • • 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 • • • • 20 Pearlitic 230 780 • • • • N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 • • • • • • 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 • • • • • • 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 • • • • • • 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 • • • • • • 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 • • • • • • 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 • • • • • • 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 • • • • • • • • 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 • • • • • 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics • 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 • • 32 AH 280 950 • • 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 • • • 34 AH 350 1180 • 35 C 320 1080 • 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa • 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa • • 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa • 37.3 AH 1170 MPa • 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa • 37.5 AH 1400 MPa • H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC • • • • 38.2 HT 55 HRC • 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC • 39.2 HT 62 HRC • 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 • • • • • 41 HT 55 HRC • Condition: A (Annealed), AH (Age Hardened), C (Cast), HT (Hardened & Tempered), QT (Quenched & Tempered) • Optimal • Effective Sutton Tools have made the tool selection for cutting different materials easy by applying colour coded bands to the shanks of the tools which relates to the material it is best suited to. Why Colour Band? • Each colour gives clear assignment of materials, different choice of tools and applications • Internationally recognised • All suitable standard tools are identified at a glance • A simplified tool selection lends itself to rationalisation • Rejects are reduced due to correct tool choice. Selection Made Easy! ISO VDI Material Group Sutton P A Steel N UNI M R Stainless Steel VA K F Cast Iron GG N N Non-Ferrous Metals, Aluminiums & Coppers AI W S S Titaniums & Super Alloys Ti Ni H H Hard Materials (≥ 45 HRC) H ^ VDI 3323 material groups can also be determined by referring to the material cross reference listing in the application guide at the back of this catalogue.

32. 408 ISO VDI Material Group Sutton P A Steel N UNI M R Stainless Steel VA K F Cast Iron GG N N Non-Ferrous Metals, Aluminiums & Coppers AI W S S Titaniums & Super Alloys Ti Ni H H Hard Materials (≥ 45 HRC) H ^ VDI 3323 material groups can also be determined by referring to the workpiece material cross reference listing. Refer to main index of this section. Catalogue Code E179/E100 E180/E101 E188 E191/E125 E192/E126 E202 E144 E145 E113 E114 E134 Material HSS Co.8 HSS Co.8 HSS Co.8 HSS Co.8 HSS Co.8 HSS Co.8 HSS Co.8 HSS Co.8 SPM Surface Finish Brt TiAlN TiAlN Brt TiAlN TiCN Brt TiCN Brt TiCN TiAlN Sutton Designation N N N N N WN N UNI Geometry R30 R30 R30 R30 R30 R30 NF R30 NR R30 NR R30 R30 R30/32 Type of Cut: Slotting • • • Finishing • • • • Universal • • • • • Roughing • • Profiling • • ap × Ø 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.0 0.05 0.05 1.5 1.5 ae × Ø 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.25 0.25 0.5 0.5 0.02-0.05 0.02-0.05 0.1 0.25 ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 30 6 36 6 36 6 50 4 50 5 40 4 40 5 50 4 40 5 50 9 36 5 40 5 40 5 50 5 70 7 55 8 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 30 6 36 6 36 6 50 4 50 5 40 4 40 5 50 4 40 5 50 9 36 5 40 5 40 5 50 5 70 7 55 8 2 3 QT 250 840 30 6 36 6 36 6 50 4 50 5 40 4 40 5 50 4 40 5 50 9 36 5 40 5 40 5 50 5 70 6 55 7 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 30 6 36 6 36 6 50 4 50 5 40 4 40 5 50 4 40 5 50 9 36 5 40 5 40 5 50 5 70 6 55 7 4 5 QT 300 1010 20 5 25 5 25 5 30 3 30 4 25 3 25 4 30 3 25 4 40 7 - - 40 5 30 4 40 4 50 6 40 7 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 30 6 36 6 36 6 50 4 50 5 40 4 40 5 50 4 40 5 50 9 36 5 40 5 40 5 50 5 70 6 55 7 6 7 QT 275 930 25 5 30 5 30 5 40 4 40 5 30 3 30 4 40 4 35 5 50 9 - - 40 5 35 4 45 4 60 6 50 7 7 8 QT 300 1010 20 5 25 5 25 5 30 3 30 4 25 3 25 4 30 3 25 4 40 7 - - 40 5 30 4 40 4 50 6 40 7 8 9 QT 350 1180 - - 18 4 18 4 25 3 25 4 - - - - 25 3 20 4 25 6 - - - - - - 25 4 40 4 30 5 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 20 5 25 5 25 5 30 3 30 4 25 3 25 4 30 3 25 4 40 7 - - - - 30 4 40 4 50 6 40 7 10 11 HT 325 1100 - - 18 4 18 4 25 3 25 4 - - - - 25 3 20 4 25 6 - - - - - - 25 4 40 4 30 5 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - 10 2 10 3 12 2 10 3 15 4 - - - - - - 18 4 18 3 15 4 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 15 4 18 4 18 4 25 3 25 4 22 3 22 4 25 3 20 4 25 6 - - - - - - 25 4 40 4 30 5 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 - - 18 5 18 5 25 3 25 4 - - - - 20 3 16 4 25 5 - - - - 20 4 25 4 30 4 25 5 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 - - 15 3 15 3 18 1 18 3 - - - - 15 1 12 3 20 5 - - - - 15 2 20 2 22 2 20 3 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 12 2 10 3 15 4 - - - - - - 18 4 18 3 15 4 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 30 5 35 5 35 5 40 3 32 4 35 3 35 4 40 3 32 4 30 9 - - 50 8 40 4 50 4 60 4 50 5 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 25 4 30 4 30 4 30 2 24 3 25 2 25 3 30 2 24 3 30 9 - - - - 30 3 35 3 50 3 40 4 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 20 3 25 3 25 3 5 2 4 3 22 2 22 3 5 2 4 3 30 9 - - 20 8 25 2 30 2 40 2 30 3 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 20 3 25 3 25 3 5 2 4 3 22 2 22 3 5 2 4 3 30 9 - - - - 25 2 30 2 40 2 30 3 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 20 3 25 3 25 3 5 2 4 3 22 2 22 3 5 2 4 3 30 9 - - 20 8 25 2 30 2 40 2 30 3 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 20 3 25 3 25 3 5 2 4 3 22 2 22 3 5 2 4 3 30 9 - - - - 25 2 30 2 40 2 30 3 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 70 6 85 6 85 6 90 5 90 6 70 5 70 6 75 5 60 6 90 15 80 9 90 9 80 6 100 6 100 5 80 6 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 70 6 85 6 85 6 90 5 90 6 70 5 70 6 75 5 60 6 90 15 80 9 90 9 80 6 100 6 100 5 80 6 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 50 5 55 5 55 5 70 4 70 5 55 4 55 5 60 4 45 5 60 15 55 8 65 8 55 5 70 5 70 4 55 5 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 50 5 55 5 55 5 70 4 70 5 55 4 55 5 60 4 45 5 60 15 55 8 65 8 55 5 70 5 70 4 55 5 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 30 6 35 6 35 6 60 4 60 5 - - - - 50 4 35 5 - - - - - - 50 5 60 5 - - - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 25 5 30 5 30 5 60 4 60 5 40 4 40 5 40 4 32 5 60 14 30 6 35 6 25 5 30 5 70 4 55 5 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 80 10 - - - - - - - - - - - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 50 6 55 6 55 6 90 5 90 6 70 5 70 6 75 5 60 6 70 14 40 6 50 6 50 6 60 6 100 5 80 6 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - 31 S 32 AH 280 950 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - 33 34 AH 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - 34 35 C 320 1080 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 22 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 18 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 18 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 12 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 18 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 12 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 - - 30 4 30 4 5 2 20 3 25 - 25 3 - 3 24 3 30 9 - - - - - - 35 3 50 4 40 4 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41 Application Guide Speeds & feeds - HSS Endmills Feed Table ( f z ) (mm/tooth) Ø Feed # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 2 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.008 0.010 0.011 0.013 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.020 0.022 0.024 0.026 0.030 3 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.008 0.009 0.010 0.012 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.020 0.023 0.025 0.028 0.032 0.034 0.038 0.042 4 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.009 0.010 0.012 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.021 0.023 0.026 0.030 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.044 0.045 0.050 5 0.005 0.006 0.008 0.009 0.011 0.013 0.015 0.017 0.020 0.023 0.025 0.030 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.044 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.065 6 0.006 0.008 0.009 0.011 0.013 0.016 0.018 0.021 0.024 0.028 0.030 0.034 0.038 0.042 0.045 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.075 8 0.010 0.012 0.014 0.017 0.019 0.022 0.025 0.028 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.045 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.065 0.075 0.080 0.085 0.095 10 0.013 0.015 0.018 0.021 0.024 0.028 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.045 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.075 0.085 0.090 0.100 0.11 0.12 12 0.016 0.019 0.022 0.026 0.030 0.034 0.038 0.044 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.065 0.075 0.080 0.090 0.100 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 16 0.020 0.024 0.028 0.034 0.038 0.044 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.080 0.085 0.095 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.16 0.17 0.18 20 0.022 0.028 0.032 0.038 0.044 0.050 0.060 0.065 0.075 0.085 0.095 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.19 0.21 0.23 25 0.025 0.032 0.038 0.045 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.080 0.090 0.10 0.12 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.20 0.22 0.24 0.26 0.29 Notes on Milling 1. Above values are guidelines for the size and type of cut nominated. 2. For long series tools, reduce speed by 40% and feed by 20%. Condition: A (Annealed), AH (Age Hardened), C (Cast), HT (Hardened & Tempered), QT (Quenched & Tempered) Bold = Optimal | Regular = Effective

26. 402 ISO VDI Material Group Sutton P A Steel N UNI M R Stainless Steel VA K F Cast Iron GG N N Non-Ferrous Metals, Aluminiums & Coppers AI W S S Titaniums & Super Alloys Ti Ni H H Hard Materials (≥ 45 HRC) H ^ VDI 3323 material groups can also be determined by referring to the workpiece material cross reference listing. Refer to main index of this section. Application Guide Speeds & Feeds - Carbide Endmills Catalogue Code E444 E310 E521 E523 E400 E402 E446 E404 E406 E408 E410 E459 E462 E412 Material VHM VHM-ULTRA VHM-ULTRA VHM VHM-ULTRA VHM-ULTRA VHM-ULTRA Surface Finish Brt Brt TiAlN CrN CrN Brt CrN HELICA HELICA Sutton Designation Al Al VA VA Type of Cut: Slotting • • • • • • • • • • • • • Finishing Universal • • • • • • • • • • • • • Roughing • • • • • • • • • • • • Profiling • ap × Ø 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.5 2.0 2.0 0.25 0.5 0.5 1.25 2.0 2.0 1.5 2.0 2.0 1.0 1.5 1.5 0.1 0.1 0.25 2.3 2.3 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.75 1.75 ae × Ø 1.0 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.2 0.3 1.0 0.4 0.4 1.0 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.25 0.5 0.1 0.05 1.0 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.3 1.0 0.3 1.0 0.2 0.4 ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 3 QT 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 5 QT 300 1010 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6 7 QT 275 930 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7 8 QT 300 1010 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 9 QT 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 11 HT 325 1100 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 120 11 16 18 120 9 12 120 9 12 120 7 6 11 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 100 11 16 18 100 9 12 100 9 12 100 7 6 11 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 120 11 16 18 120 9 12 120 9 12 120 7 6 11 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 120 11 16 18 120 9 12 120 9 12 120 7 6 11 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 100 11 16 18 100 9 12 100 9 12 100 7 6 11 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 220 3 11 16 220 8 14 18 220 8 14 18 260 8 14 18 200 8 13 17 200 9 13 18 220 14 17 19 200 9 13 18 200 9 11 18 200 18 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 220 3 11 16 220 8 14 18 220 8 14 18 260 8 14 18 200 8 13 17 200 9 13 18 220 14 17 19 200 9 13 18 200 9 11 18 200 18 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 220 3 11 16 220 8 14 18 220 8 14 18 260 8 14 18 200 8 13 17 200 9 13 18 220 14 17 19 200 9 13 18 200 9 11 18 200 18 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 220 3 11 16 220 8 14 18 220 8 14 18 260 8 14 18 200 8 13 17 200 9 13 18 220 14 17 19 200 9 13 18 200 9 11 18 200 18 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 220 3 11 16 220 8 14 18 220 8 14 18 260 8 14 18 200 8 13 17 200 9 13 18 220 14 17 19 200 9 13 18 200 9 11 18 200 18 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 160 3 11 16 160 8 14 18 160 8 14 18 190 8 14 18 500 8 13 17 500 9 13 18 160 14 17 19 500 9 13 18 500 9 11 18 500 18 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 160 3 11 16 160 8 14 18 160 8 14 18 190 8 14 18 500 8 13 17 500 9 13 18 160 14 17 19 500 9 13 18 500 9 11 18 500 18 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 160 3 11 16 160 8 14 18 160 8 14 18 190 8 14 18 500 8 13 17 500 9 13 18 160 14 17 19 500 9 13 18 500 9 11 18 500 18 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 70 10 14 18 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 6 11 31 S 32 AH 280 950 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 70 10 14 18 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 6 11 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 70 10 14 18 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 6 11 33 34 AH 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 70 10 14 18 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 6 11 34 35 C 320 1080 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 70 10 14 18 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 6 11 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 90 10 14 18 90 8 11 90 8 11 90 7 6 11 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 90 10 14 18 90 8 11 90 8 11 90 7 6 11 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 90 10 14 18 90 8 11 90 8 11 90 7 6 11 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 90 10 14 18 90 8 11 90 8 11 90 7 6 11 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 90 10 14 18 90 8 11 90 8 11 90 7 6 11 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41 Feed Table ( f z ) (mm/tooth) Ø Feed # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 2 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.008 0.010 0.011 0.013 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.020 0.022 0.024 0.026 0.030 3 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.008 0.009 0.010 0.012 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.020 0.023 0.025 0.028 0.032 0.034 0.038 0.042 4 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.009 0.010 0.012 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.021 0.023 0.026 0.030 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.044 0.045 0.050 5 0.005 0.006 0.008 0.009 0.011 0.013 0.015 0.017 0.020 0.023 0.025 0.030 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.044 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.065 6 0.006 0.008 0.009 0.011 0.013 0.016 0.018 0.021 0.024 0.028 0.030 0.034 0.038 0.042 0.045 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.075 8 0.010 0.012 0.014 0.017 0.019 0.022 0.025 0.028 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.045 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.065 0.075 0.080 0.085 0.095 10 0.013 0.015 0.018 0.021 0.024 0.028 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.045 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.075 0.085 0.090 0.100 0.11 0.12 12 0.016 0.019 0.022 0.026 0.030 0.034 0.038 0.044 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.065 0.075 0.080 0.090 0.100 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 16 0.020 0.024 0.028 0.034 0.038 0.044 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.080 0.085 0.095 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.16 0.17 0.18 20 0.022 0.028 0.032 0.038 0.044 0.050 0.060 0.065 0.075 0.085 0.095 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.19 0.21 0.23 25 0.025 0.032 0.038 0.045 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.080 0.090 0.10 0.12 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.20 0.22 0.24 0.26 0.29 Notes on Milling 1. Above values are guidelines for the size and type of cut nominated. 2. For long series tools, reduce speed by 40% and feed by 20%. Condition: A (Annealed), AH (Age Hardened), C (Cast), HT (Hardened & Tempered), QT (Quenched & Tempered) Bold = Optimal | Regular = Effective

33. 409 Catalogue Code E179/E100 E180/E101 E188 E191/E125 E192/E126 E202 E144 E145 E113 E114 E134 Material HSS Co.8 HSS Co.8 HSS Co.8 HSS Co.8 HSS Co.8 HSS Co.8 HSS Co.8 HSS Co.8 SPM Surface Finish Brt TiAlN TiAlN Brt TiAlN TiCN Brt TiCN Brt TiCN TiAlN Sutton Designation N N N N N WN N UNI Geometry R30 R30 R30 R30 R30 R30 NF R30 NR R30 NR R30 R30 R30/32 Type of Cut: Slotting • • • Finishing • • • • Universal • • • • • Roughing • • Profiling • • ap × Ø 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.0 0.05 0.05 1.5 1.5 ae × Ø 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.25 0.25 0.5 0.5 0.02-0.05 0.02-0.05 0.1 0.25 ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 30 6 36 6 36 6 50 4 50 5 40 4 40 5 50 4 40 5 50 9 36 5 40 5 40 5 50 5 70 7 55 8 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 30 6 36 6 36 6 50 4 50 5 40 4 40 5 50 4 40 5 50 9 36 5 40 5 40 5 50 5 70 7 55 8 2 3 QT 250 840 30 6 36 6 36 6 50 4 50 5 40 4 40 5 50 4 40 5 50 9 36 5 40 5 40 5 50 5 70 6 55 7 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 30 6 36 6 36 6 50 4 50 5 40 4 40 5 50 4 40 5 50 9 36 5 40 5 40 5 50 5 70 6 55 7 4 5 QT 300 1010 20 5 25 5 25 5 30 3 30 4 25 3 25 4 30 3 25 4 40 7 - - 40 5 30 4 40 4 50 6 40 7 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 30 6 36 6 36 6 50 4 50 5 40 4 40 5 50 4 40 5 50 9 36 5 40 5 40 5 50 5 70 6 55 7 6 7 QT 275 930 25 5 30 5 30 5 40 4 40 5 30 3 30 4 40 4 35 5 50 9 - - 40 5 35 4 45 4 60 6 50 7 7 8 QT 300 1010 20 5 25 5 25 5 30 3 30 4 25 3 25 4 30 3 25 4 40 7 - - 40 5 30 4 40 4 50 6 40 7 8 9 QT 350 1180 - - 18 4 18 4 25 3 25 4 - - - - 25 3 20 4 25 6 - - - - - - 25 4 40 4 30 5 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 20 5 25 5 25 5 30 3 30 4 25 3 25 4 30 3 25 4 40 7 - - - - 30 4 40 4 50 6 40 7 10 11 HT 325 1100 - - 18 4 18 4 25 3 25 4 - - - - 25 3 20 4 25 6 - - - - - - 25 4 40 4 30 5 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - 10 2 10 3 12 2 10 3 15 4 - - - - - - 18 4 18 3 15 4 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 15 4 18 4 18 4 25 3 25 4 22 3 22 4 25 3 20 4 25 6 - - - - - - 25 4 40 4 30 5 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 - - 18 5 18 5 25 3 25 4 - - - - 20 3 16 4 25 5 - - - - 20 4 25 4 30 4 25 5 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 - - 15 3 15 3 18 1 18 3 - - - - 15 1 12 3 20 5 - - - - 15 2 20 2 22 2 20 3 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 12 2 10 3 15 4 - - - - - - 18 4 18 3 15 4 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 30 5 35 5 35 5 40 3 32 4 35 3 35 4 40 3 32 4 30 9 - - 50 8 40 4 50 4 60 4 50 5 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 25 4 30 4 30 4 30 2 24 3 25 2 25 3 30 2 24 3 30 9 - - - - 30 3 35 3 50 3 40 4 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 20 3 25 3 25 3 5 2 4 3 22 2 22 3 5 2 4 3 30 9 - - 20 8 25 2 30 2 40 2 30 3 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 20 3 25 3 25 3 5 2 4 3 22 2 22 3 5 2 4 3 30 9 - - - - 25 2 30 2 40 2 30 3 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 20 3 25 3 25 3 5 2 4 3 22 2 22 3 5 2 4 3 30 9 - - 20 8 25 2 30 2 40 2 30 3 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 20 3 25 3 25 3 5 2 4 3 22 2 22 3 5 2 4 3 30 9 - - - - 25 2 30 2 40 2 30 3 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 70 6 85 6 85 6 90 5 90 6 70 5 70 6 75 5 60 6 90 15 80 9 90 9 80 6 100 6 100 5 80 6 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 70 6 85 6 85 6 90 5 90 6 70 5 70 6 75 5 60 6 90 15 80 9 90 9 80 6 100 6 100 5 80 6 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 50 5 55 5 55 5 70 4 70 5 55 4 55 5 60 4 45 5 60 15 55 8 65 8 55 5 70 5 70 4 55 5 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 50 5 55 5 55 5 70 4 70 5 55 4 55 5 60 4 45 5 60 15 55 8 65 8 55 5 70 5 70 4 55 5 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 30 6 35 6 35 6 60 4 60 5 - - - - 50 4 35 5 - - - - - - 50 5 60 5 - - - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 25 5 30 5 30 5 60 4 60 5 40 4 40 5 40 4 32 5 60 14 30 6 35 6 25 5 30 5 70 4 55 5 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 80 10 - - - - - - - - - - - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 50 6 55 6 55 6 90 5 90 6 70 5 70 6 75 5 60 6 70 14 40 6 50 6 50 6 60 6 100 5 80 6 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - 31 S 32 AH 280 950 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - 33 34 AH 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - 34 35 C 320 1080 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 22 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 18 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 18 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 12 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 18 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 12 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 - - 30 4 30 4 5 2 20 3 25 - 25 3 - 3 24 3 30 9 - - - - - - 35 3 50 4 40 4 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41 Ø = nominal tool diameter (inch) n = Spindel speed (RPM) v c = Cutting speed (SFM) f z = Feed rate per tooth (inch/tooth) v f = Feed rate (inch/min) z = No. cutting edges Q = Metal removal rate (in 3 /min) a p = Cutting depth (inch) a e = Cutting width (inch) n = v c × 12 v c x 3.82 Ø × π Ø v c = n x Ø × π n x Ø 12 3.82 f z = V f v f = f z x z x n z x n Q = a p x a e × v f 1000 IMPERIAL ENDMILLS (inch size) Ø = nominal tool diameter (mm) n = Spindel speed (RPM) v c = Cutting speed (m/min) f z = Feed rate per tooth (mm/tooth) v f = Feed rate (mm/min) z = No. cutting edges Q = Metal removal rate (cm 3 /min) a p = Cutting depth (mm) a e = Cutting width (mm) n = v c × 1000 v c x 318 Ø × π Ø v c = n x Ø × π n x Ø 1000 318 f z = V f v f = f z x z x n z x n Q = a p x a e × v f 1000 METRIC ENDMILLS (mm size)

27. 403 Ø = nominal tool diameter (inch) n = Spindel speed (RPM) v c = Cutting speed (SFM) f z = Feed rate per tooth (inch/tooth) v f = Feed rate (inch/min) z = No. cutting edges Q = Metal removal rate (in 3 /min) a p = Cutting depth (inch) a e = Cutting width (inch) n = v c × 12 v c x 3.82 Ø × π Ø v c = n x Ø × π n x Ø 12 3.82 f z = V f v f = f z x z x n z x n Q = a p x a e × v f 1000 IMPERIAL ENDMILLS (inch size) Ø = nominal tool diameter (mm) n = Spindel speed (RPM) v c = Cutting speed (m/min) f z = Feed rate per tooth (mm/tooth) v f = Feed rate (mm/min) z = No. cutting edges Q = Metal removal rate (cm 3 /min) a p = Cutting depth (mm) a e = Cutting width (mm) n = v c × 1000 v c x 318 Ø × π Ø v c = n x Ø × π n x Ø 1000 318 f z = V f v f = f z x z x n z x n Q = a p x a e × v f 1000 METRIC ENDMILLS (mm size) Catalogue Code E444 E310 E521 E523 E400 E402 E446 E404 E406 E408 E410 E459 E462 E412 Material VHM VHM-ULTRA VHM-ULTRA VHM VHM-ULTRA VHM-ULTRA VHM-ULTRA Surface Finish Brt Brt TiAlN CrN CrN Brt CrN HELICA HELICA Sutton Designation Al Al VA VA Type of Cut: Slotting • • • • • • • • • • • • • Finishing Universal • • • • • • • • • • • • • Roughing • • • • • • • • • • • • Profiling • ap × Ø 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.5 2.0 2.0 0.25 0.5 0.5 1.25 2.0 2.0 1.5 2.0 2.0 1.0 1.5 1.5 0.1 0.1 0.25 2.3 2.3 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.75 1.75 ae × Ø 1.0 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.2 0.3 1.0 0.4 0.4 1.0 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.25 0.5 0.1 0.05 1.0 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.3 1.0 0.3 1.0 0.2 0.4 ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 3 QT 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 5 QT 300 1010 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6 7 QT 275 930 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7 8 QT 300 1010 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 9 QT 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 11 HT 325 1100 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 120 11 16 18 120 9 12 120 9 12 120 7 6 11 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 100 11 16 18 100 9 12 100 9 12 100 7 6 11 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 120 11 16 18 120 9 12 120 9 12 120 7 6 11 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 120 11 16 18 120 9 12 120 9 12 120 7 6 11 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 100 11 16 18 100 9 12 100 9 12 100 7 6 11 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 220 3 11 16 220 8 14 18 220 8 14 18 260 8 14 18 200 8 13 17 200 9 13 18 220 14 17 19 200 9 13 18 200 9 11 18 200 18 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 220 3 11 16 220 8 14 18 220 8 14 18 260 8 14 18 200 8 13 17 200 9 13 18 220 14 17 19 200 9 13 18 200 9 11 18 200 18 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 220 3 11 16 220 8 14 18 220 8 14 18 260 8 14 18 200 8 13 17 200 9 13 18 220 14 17 19 200 9 13 18 200 9 11 18 200 18 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 220 3 11 16 220 8 14 18 220 8 14 18 260 8 14 18 200 8 13 17 200 9 13 18 220 14 17 19 200 9 13 18 200 9 11 18 200 18 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 220 3 11 16 220 8 14 18 220 8 14 18 260 8 14 18 200 8 13 17 200 9 13 18 220 14 17 19 200 9 13 18 200 9 11 18 200 18 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 160 3 11 16 160 8 14 18 160 8 14 18 190 8 14 18 500 8 13 17 500 9 13 18 160 14 17 19 500 9 13 18 500 9 11 18 500 18 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 160 3 11 16 160 8 14 18 160 8 14 18 190 8 14 18 500 8 13 17 500 9 13 18 160 14 17 19 500 9 13 18 500 9 11 18 500 18 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 160 3 11 16 160 8 14 18 160 8 14 18 190 8 14 18 500 8 13 17 500 9 13 18 160 14 17 19 500 9 13 18 500 9 11 18 500 18 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 70 10 14 18 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 6 11 31 S 32 AH 280 950 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 70 10 14 18 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 6 11 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 70 10 14 18 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 6 11 33 34 AH 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 70 10 14 18 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 6 11 34 35 C 320 1080 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 70 10 14 18 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 6 11 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 90 10 14 18 90 8 11 90 8 11 90 7 6 11 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 90 10 14 18 90 8 11 90 8 11 90 7 6 11 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 90 10 14 18 90 8 11 90 8 11 90 7 6 11 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 90 10 14 18 90 8 11 90 8 11 90 7 6 11 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 90 10 14 18 90 8 11 90 8 11 90 7 6 11 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41

24. 400 ISO VDI Material Group Sutton P A Steel N UNI M R Stainless Steel VA K F Cast Iron GG N N Non-Ferrous Metals, Aluminiums & Coppers AI W S S Titaniums & Super Alloys Ti Ni H H Hard Materials (≥ 45 HRC) H ^ VDI 3323 material groups can also be determined by referring to the workpiece material cross reference listing. Refer to main index of this section. Catalogue Code E418 E420 E424 E535 E559 E426 E430 E545 E549 E440 E442 E456 E457 E458 Material VHM-ULTRA VHM-ULTRA VHM Surface Finish AlCrN AlCrN TiAlN Sutton Designation UNI UNI N Type of Cut: Slotting • • • • • • • Finishing • • • • • Universal • • • • • • • • • Roughing • • • • • • • Profiling • • ap × Ø 0.25 1.0 1.0 0.25 1.0 1.0 0.25 1.0 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 0.25 1.0 1.0 0.25 1.0 1.0 0.5 1.75 1.75 1.0 1.5 1.5 0.1 0.1 - - - ae × Ø 1.0 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.4 1.0 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.2 0.3 1.0 0.3 0.3 1.0 0.4 0.4 0.05 0.05 - - - ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc Feed # Feed # Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 210 7 9 13 210 7 11 15 210 9 11 16 210 8 11 210 8 11 210 7 11 16 210 7 11 15 180 5 5 9 180 9 5 13 - - - - 180 16 180 15 180 16 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 210 7 9 13 210 7 11 15 210 9 11 16 210 8 11 210 8 11 210 7 11 16 210 7 11 15 180 5 5 9 180 9 5 13 - - - - 180 16 180 15 180 16 2 3 QT 250 840 175 7 9 13 175 7 11 15 175 9 11 16 175 8 11 175 8 11 175 7 11 16 175 7 11 15 100 5 5 9 100 9 5 13 175 18 175 18 100 16 100 15 100 16 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 175 7 9 13 175 7 11 15 175 9 11 16 175 8 11 175 8 11 175 7 11 16 175 7 11 15 100 5 5 9 100 9 5 13 175 18 175 18 100 16 100 15 100 16 4 5 QT 300 1010 175 7 9 13 175 7 11 15 175 9 11 16 175 8 11 175 8 11 175 7 11 16 175 7 11 15 100 5 5 9 100 9 5 13 175 18 175 18 100 16 100 15 100 16 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 210 7 9 13 210 7 11 15 210 9 11 16 210 8 11 210 8 11 210 7 11 16 210 7 11 15 180 5 5 9 180 9 5 13 - - - - 180 16 180 15 180 16 6 7 QT 275 930 175 7 9 13 175 7 11 15 175 9 11 16 175 8 11 175 8 11 175 7 11 16 175 7 11 15 100 5 5 9 100 9 5 13 175 18 175 18 100 16 100 15 100 16 7 8 QT 300 1010 175 7 9 13 175 7 11 15 175 9 11 16 175 8 11 175 8 11 175 7 11 16 175 7 11 15 100 5 5 9 100 9 5 13 175 18 175 18 100 16 100 15 100 16 8 9 QT 350 1180 120 7 9 13 120 7 11 15 120 9 11 16 120 8 11 120 8 11 120 7 11 16 120 7 11 15 80 5 5 9 80 9 5 13 120 18 120 18 80 16 80 15 80 16 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 175 7 9 13 175 7 11 15 175 9 11 16 175 8 11 175 8 11 175 7 11 16 175 7 11 15 100 5 5 9 100 9 5 13 175 18 175 18 100 16 100 15 100 16 10 11 HT 325 1100 120 7 9 13 120 7 11 15 120 9 11 16 120 8 11 120 8 11 120 7 11 16 120 7 11 15 80 5 5 9 80 9 5 13 120 18 120 18 80 16 80 15 80 16 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - 90 8 11 90 8 11 - - - - - - - - 90 5 5 9 90 9 5 13 - - - - 90 16 90 15 90 16 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 - - - - - - - - - - - - 80 8 11 80 8 11 - - - - - - - - 80 5 5 9 80 9 5 13 - - - - 80 16 80 15 80 16 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 11 - 8 11 - - - - - - - - 90 5 5 9 90 9 5 13 - - - - 90 16 90 15 90 16 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 11 - 8 11 - - - - - - - - 90 5 5 9 90 9 5 13 - - - - 90 16 90 15 90 16 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 80 5 5 9 80 9 5 13 - - - - 80 16 80 15 80 16 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 150 7 9 13 150 7 11 15 150 9 11 16 150 8 11 150 8 11 150 7 11 16 150 7 11 15 140 5 5 9 140 9 5 13 150 18 150 18 140 16 140 15 140 16 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 150 7 9 13 150 7 11 15 150 9 11 16 150 8 11 150 8 11 150 7 11 16 150 7 11 15 140 5 5 9 140 9 5 13 150 18 150 18 140 16 140 15 140 16 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 150 7 9 13 150 7 11 15 150 9 11 16 150 8 11 150 8 11 150 7 11 16 150 7 11 15 140 5 5 9 140 9 5 13 150 18 150 18 140 16 140 15 140 16 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 150 7 9 13 150 7 11 15 150 9 11 16 150 8 11 150 8 11 150 7 11 16 150 7 11 15 140 5 5 9 140 9 5 13 150 18 150 18 140 16 140 15 140 16 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 110 7 9 13 110 7 11 15 110 9 11 16 110 8 11 110 8 11 110 7 11 16 110 7 11 15 100 5 5 9 100 9 5 13 110 18 110 18 100 16 100 15 100 16 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 110 7 9 13 110 7 11 15 110 9 11 16 110 8 11 110 8 11 110 7 11 16 110 7 11 15 100 5 5 9 100 9 5 13 110 18 110 18 100 16 100 15 100 16 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 - - - - - - - - - - - - 200 8 11 200 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 - - - - - - - - - - - - 200 8 11 200 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 - - - - - - - - - - - - 200 8 11 200 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 - - - - - - - - - - - - 200 8 11 200 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 - - - - - - - - - - - - 200 8 11 200 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 - - - - - - - - - - - - 200 8 11 200 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 50 7 9 13 50 7 11 15 50 9 11 16 50 8 11 50 8 11 50 7 11 16 50 7 11 15 50 5 5 9 50 9 5 13 50 18 50 18 50 16 50 15 50 16 31 S 32 AH 280 950 50 7 9 13 50 7 11 15 50 9 11 16 50 8 11 50 8 11 50 7 11 16 50 7 11 15 50 5 5 9 50 9 5 13 50 18 50 18 50 16 50 15 50 16 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 50 7 9 13 50 7 11 15 50 9 11 16 50 8 11 50 8 11 50 7 11 16 50 7 11 15 50 5 5 9 50 9 5 13 50 18 50 18 50 16 50 15 50 16 33 34 AH 350 1180 50 7 9 13 50 7 11 15 50 9 11 16 - - - - - - 50 7 11 16 50 7 11 15 - - - - - - - - 50 18 50 18 50 16 50 15 50 16 34 35 C 320 1080 50 7 9 13 50 7 11 15 50 9 11 16 50 8 11 50 8 11 50 7 11 16 50 7 11 15 50 5 5 9 50 9 5 13 50 18 50 18 50 16 50 15 50 16 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa 70 7 9 13 70 7 11 15 70 9 11 16 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 11 16 70 7 11 15 70 5 5 9 70 9 5 13 70 18 70 18 70 16 70 15 70 16 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa 70 7 9 13 70 7 11 15 70 9 11 16 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 11 16 70 7 11 15 70 5 5 9 70 9 5 13 70 18 70 18 70 16 70 15 70 16 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa 70 7 9 13 70 7 11 15 70 9 11 16 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 11 16 70 7 11 15 70 5 5 9 70 9 5 13 70 18 70 18 70 16 70 15 70 16 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa 70 7 9 13 70 7 11 15 70 9 11 16 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 11 16 70 7 11 15 70 5 5 9 70 9 5 13 70 18 70 18 70 16 70 15 70 16 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa 70 7 9 13 70 7 11 15 70 9 11 16 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 11 16 70 7 11 15 70 5 5 9 70 9 5 13 70 18 70 18 70 16 70 15 70 16 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa 70 7 9 13 70 7 11 15 70 9 11 16 - - - - - - 70 7 11 16 70 7 11 15 - - - - - - - - 70 18 70 18 70 16 70 15 70 16 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC 120 7 9 13 120 7 11 15 120 9 11 16 120 8 11 120 8 11 120 7 11 16 120 7 11 15 - - - - - - - - 120 18 120 18 80 16 80 15 80 16 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC 120 7 9 13 120 7 11 15 120 9 11 16 - - - - - - 120 7 11 16 120 7 11 15 - - - - - - - - 120 18 120 18 60 16 60 15 60 16 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC 100 7 9 13 100 7 11 15 100 9 11 16 - - - - - - 100 7 11 16 100 7 11 15 - - - - - - - - 100 18 100 18 - - - - - - 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 120 7 9 13 120 7 11 15 120 9 11 16 120 8 11 120 8 11 120 7 11 16 120 7 11 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - 60 16 60 15 60 16 40 41 HT 55 HRC 100 7 9 13 100 7 11 15 100 9 11 16 100 8 11 100 8 11 100 7 11 16 100 7 11 15 - - - - - - - - 100 18 100 18 - - - - - - 41 Application Guide Speeds & Feeds - Carbide Endmills Feed Table ( f z ) (mm/tooth) Ø Feed # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 2 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.008 0.010 0.011 0.013 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.020 0.022 0.024 0.026 0.030 3 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.008 0.009 0.010 0.012 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.020 0.023 0.025 0.028 0.032 0.034 0.038 0.042 4 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.009 0.010 0.012 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.021 0.023 0.026 0.030 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.044 0.045 0.050 5 0.005 0.006 0.008 0.009 0.011 0.013 0.015 0.017 0.020 0.023 0.025 0.030 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.044 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.065 6 0.006 0.008 0.009 0.011 0.013 0.016 0.018 0.021 0.024 0.028 0.030 0.034 0.038 0.042 0.045 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.075 8 0.010 0.012 0.014 0.017 0.019 0.022 0.025 0.028 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.045 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.065 0.075 0.080 0.085 0.095 10 0.013 0.015 0.018 0.021 0.024 0.028 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.045 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.075 0.085 0.090 0.100 0.11 0.12 12 0.016 0.019 0.022 0.026 0.030 0.034 0.038 0.044 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.065 0.075 0.080 0.090 0.100 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 16 0.020 0.024 0.028 0.034 0.038 0.044 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.080 0.085 0.095 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.16 0.17 0.18 20 0.022 0.028 0.032 0.038 0.044 0.050 0.060 0.065 0.075 0.085 0.095 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.19 0.21 0.23 25 0.025 0.032 0.038 0.045 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.080 0.090 0.10 0.12 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.20 0.22 0.24 0.26 0.29 Notes on Milling 1. Above values are guidelines for the size and type of cut nominated. 2. For long series tools, reduce speed by 40% and feed by 20%. Condition: A (Annealed), AH (Age Hardened), C (Cast), HT (Hardened & Tempered), QT (Quenched & Tempered) Bold = Optimal | Regular = Effective

18. 394 ISO VDI Material Group Sutton P A Steel N UNI M R Stainless Steel VA K F Cast Iron GG N N Non-Ferrous Metals, Aluminiums & Coppers AI W S S Titaniums & Super Alloys Ti Ni H H Hard Materials (≥ 45 HRC) H ^ VDI 3323 material groups can also be determined by referring to the workpiece material cross reference listing. Refer to main index of this section. FOR TAPPING BLIND / THROUGH HOLES THREAD FORMING SYNCHRO TAPPING Catalogue Code M T286 T288 T290 T292 T670 T741 T335 T357 T294 T296 T309 T313 T319 T329 T325 T327 T333 T331 T682 T377 T379 T373 T375 T365 T367 T369 T371 T381 T383 MF T298 T299 T300 T301 T743 T744 T668 T669 T343 T345 T773 T754 T756 T758 T760 T762 T764 T766 T768 T770 T772 UNC T302 T303 UNF G (BSPF) T304 T305 T306 T307 T361 T363 Material HSSE V3 VHM HSSE V3 SPM VHM HSSE V3 SPM VHM PM-HSSE V3 Surface Finish Brt TiN Blu TiCN Brt TiN Brt TiCN CrN TiAlN HELICA TiCN TiAlN TiCN CrN TiN Sutton Designation N GG DC XH VH N Cu UNI VA NH N Geometry Low Relief IK IK Special Relief No Groove Multi-Coolant Groove IK Multi-Coolant Groove IK R50 R50 IK L20 L20 IK R45 R45 IK IK Thread Depth ≤ 1.5xØ ≤ 3xØ ≤ 3xØ ≤ 1.5xØ ≤ 3xØ ≤ 2xØ ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc (m/min) Vc (m/min) Vc (m/min) VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 7 11 - - - - - - - - 12 18 12 18 - 23 28 - - 36 39 47 31 31 31 37 - - 25 30 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 7 11 - - - - - - - - 12 18 12 18 - 23 28 23 23 36 39 47 31 31 31 37 - - 25 30 2 3 QT 250 840 6 9 - - - - - - - - - 15 10 15 - 20 23 20 20 30 32 39 26 26 26 31 - - 21 25 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 7 10 - - - - - - - - - 17 11 17 - 21 26 21 21 33 36 43 29 29 29 34 - - 23 27 4 5 QT 300 1010 5 8 - - - - - - 11 - - - - - - - - - 18 27 29 35 23 23 23 28 - - - - 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 7 11 - - - - - - - - - 18 12 18 - 23 28 23 23 36 39 47 31 31 31 37 - - 25 30 6 7 QT 275 930 5 7 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 19 16 16 24 26 31 21 21 21 25 - - 17 20 7 8 QT 300 1010 4 5 - - - - - - 7 - - - - - - - - - 12 18 19 23 16 16 16 19 - - - - 8 9 QT 350 1180 - - - - - - - - 4 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 5 7 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 19 - 16 24 26 31 21 21 21 25 - - 17 20 10 11 HT 325 1100 - - - - - - - - 7 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 19 13 13 13 16 - - - - 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 - - - - - - - - 4 5 - - - - - - - - - - 10 12 8 8 8 9 - - - - 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 - - - - - - - - - - - 9 - 9 - 12 14 12 12 18 19 23 16 16 16 19 - - 12 15 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - 6 - 6 - 8 9 8 8 12 13 16 10 10 10 12 - - 8 10 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 12 8 8 8 9 - - - - 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 7 11 8 11 22 26 11 13 - - - - - - - - - - - - 39 47 31 31 31 37 - - - - 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 6 9 7 9 18 22 9 11 12 - - - - - - - - - - - 32 39 26 26 26 31 - - - - 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 7 11 8 11 22 26 11 13 - - - - - - - - - - - - 39 47 31 31 31 37 - - - - 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 6 9 7 9 18 22 9 11 12 - - - - - - - - - - - 32 39 26 26 26 31 - - - - 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 9 14 10 14 27 32 14 16 - - - - - - - - - - - - 49 58 39 39 39 47 - - - - 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 7 11 8 11 22 26 11 13 - - - - - - - - - - - - 39 47 31 31 31 37 - - - - 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 7 11 - - - - - - - - 12 18 12 18 18 23 28 23 - 36 39 47 31 31 31 37 31 31 25 30 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 9 14 - - - - - - - - 15 23 15 23 23 29 35 29 - 45 49 58 39 39 39 47 39 39 31 37 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 9 14 - - - - 14 16 - - 15 23 15 23 23 29 35 29 - 45 49 58 39 39 39 47 39 39 31 37 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 9 14 - - - - 14 16 - - 15 23 15 23 23 29 35 29 - 45 49 58 39 39 39 47 39 39 31 37 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 - - - 9 18 22 9 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - 32 39 26 26 26 31 - - - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 5 7 - - - - - - - - 8 12 8 12 12 16 19 16 - - 26 31 21 21 21 25 21 21 - - 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 11 16 - - 32 39 16 19 21 32 - - - - - - - - - - 58 70 47 47 47 56 47 47 - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 8 13 - - - - - - - - 14 21 14 21 21 27 33 27 27 42 45 54 36 36 36 44 36 36 29 35 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 12 8 8 - - - - - - 31 S 32 AH 280 950 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 10 6 6 - - - - - - 33 34 AH 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 34 35 C 320 1080 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 13 16 - - - - 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 13 16 - - - - 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 9 - - - - 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC - - - - - - - - 4 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 - - - - 14 17 7 9 9 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41 Condition: A (Annealed), AH (Age Hardened), C (Cast), HT (Hardened & Tempered), QT (Quenched & Tempered) Bold = Optimal | Regular = Effective Notes on Tapping 1. The speeds listed above are a recommendation only, and are based on depth of thread listed, speeds can be adjusted on application. As a general rule; -If hole depth required is less than above mentioned = increase speed -If hole depth required is more than above mentioned = reduce speed 2. Taps must be driven by the square to eliminate slippage, eg, ER-GB collets (square drive). 3. When using spiral flute taps with length compensation tapping attachment, it is recommended to short pitch the feed 95%, to eliminate tap cutting oversize, eg. M6x1 @ 1000RPM, Feedrate= 950mm/min. 4. Forming taps are suitable for materials with >10% elongation Application Guide Speeds & Feeds - Taps

34. 410 ISO VDI Material Group Sutton P A Steel N UNI M R Stainless Steel VA K F Cast Iron GG N N Non-Ferrous Metals, Aluminiums & Coppers AI W S S Titaniums & Super Alloys Ti Ni H H Hard Materials (≥ 45 HRC) H ^ VDI 3323 material groups can also be determined by referring to the workpiece material cross reference listing. Refer to main index of this section. Catalogue Code E150 E151 E118 E112 E111 E121 E122 E152 E153 E157 E251 E170 E171 E176 E158 E159 Material SPM SPM SPM HSS Co.8 HSS Co.8 SPM SPM SPM SPM SPM SPM HSS Co.8 SPM SPM SPM Surface Finish TiAlN TiAlN CrN TiAlN Brt TiAlN Brt TiAlN TiAlN TICN Brt TiCN TiAlN Brt TiAlN Sutton Designation UNI UNI Cu Al W W W W VA VA NH H Ti Ti Geometry R30 NR R45 HRS R30 R40 R40 R45 R45 R30 WR R30 WR R55 R30 VA-R R30 HR R30 HR R30 HR R30 R30 Type of Cut: Slotting • • • • Finishing • • Universal • • • • • Roughing • • • • • • • • • • • Profiling • ap × Ø 1.0 1.0 0.05 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.5 1.5 0.5 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.0 1.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5 1.0 1.5 1.0 ae × Ø 0.5 0.5 0.02-0.05 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.1 0.1 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.25 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.25 0.5 0.25 0.5 ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 40 5 70 6 90 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 40 5 70 6 90 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 3 QT 250 840 40 5 60 6 90 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 4 30 3 - - 40 4 - - - - - - - - 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 40 5 60 6 90 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 4 - - - - 40 4 - - - - - - - - 4 5 QT 300 1010 30 4 40 4 55 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 4 30 3 35 3 40 4 - - - - - - - - 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 40 5 60 6 90 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6 7 QT 275 930 35 4 40 5 80 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 4 38 3 40 3 40 4 - - - - - - - - 7 8 QT 300 1010 30 4 40 4 55 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 4 30 3 35 3 40 4 - - - - - - - - 8 9 QT 350 1180 30 4 30 4 45 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 3 30 3 30 3 - - - - - - - - 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 30 4 40 4 55 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 4 30 3 35 3 40 4 - - - - - - - - 10 11 HT 325 1100 30 4 30 4 45 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 3 30 3 30 3 - - - - - - - - 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - 15 3 30 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 7 20 6 25 6 15 3 20 3 25 6 - - - - - - - - 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 30 4 30 4 45 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 7 25 6 30 4 25 3 30 3 30 3 - - - - - - - - 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 - - 25 4 40 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 35 7 30 6 40 10 - - 35 4 - - - - - - - - - - 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 - - 15 2 35 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 7 20 6 40 10 - - 25 3 - - - - - - 35 5 35 4 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - - 15 3 30 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 7 20 6 25 6 - - 20 3 25 6 - - - - 35 5 35 4 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 50 8 60 8 80 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 50 8 60 8 60 7 - - - - - - - - 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 - - 40 8 60 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 8 60 7 - - - - - - - - 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 40 8 25 8 50 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 8 30 8 40 7 - - - - - - - - 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 - - 25 8 50 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 8 40 7 - - - - - - - - 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 - - 25 8 50 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 8 30 8 40 7 - - - - - - - - 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 - - 25 8 50 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 8 40 7 - - - - - - - - 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 70 5 - - 180 6 100 6 110 6 150 10 250 10 250 12 200 10 300 10 300 12 77 6 90 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 70 5 - - 180 6 100 6 110 6 150 10 250 10 250 12 200 10 300 10 300 12 77 6 90 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 55 4 80 8 120 5 72 5 80 5 100 10 150 10 150 12 150 10 180 10 180 12 58 5 65 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 55 4 80 8 120 5 72 5 80 5 100 10 150 10 150 12 150 10 180 10 180 12 58 5 65 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 38 6 - - 100 5 48 6 60 6 60 8 70 10 100 12 70 8 120 10 120 12 40 7 50 7 - - - - - - - - - - 50 7 - - - - - - - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 37 7 - - 40 5 58 5 55 5 60 8 70 10 100 12 70 8 - - - - 38 8 45 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 - - - - - - - - - - 50 8 60 10 100 12 60 8 - - - - 40 8 - - - - - - - - 25 5 30 5 30 6 - - - - - - - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 55 7 - - 70 6 86 6 80 6 100 10 130 10 130 12 130 10 150 10 150 12 58 8 70 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics 55 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 7 - - 25 4 - - - - 25 4 - - - - - - - - 31 S 32 AH 280 950 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 7 15 7 15 4 - - - - 15 4 - - - - - - - - 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 7 - - 25 4 - - - - 25 4 - - - - - - - - 33 34 AH 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15 6 12 6 10 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - - - - - 34 35 C 320 1080 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 7 15 7 15 4 - - - - 15 4 - - - - - - - - 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 9 20 9 30 5 - - - - 30 5 40 9 32 9 50 9 40 9 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 9 15 9 15 4 - - - - 15 4 25 9 20 9 35 9 30 9 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 9 15 9 15 4 - - - - 15 4 25 9 20 9 35 9 30 9 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15 9 12 9 12 4 - - - - 12 4 20 9 15 9 25 9 20 9 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 9 15 9 15 4 - - - - 15 4 25 9 20 9 35 9 30 9 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15 9 12 9 12 4 - - - - 12 4 20 9 15 9 25 9 20 9 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC 25 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 3 25 3 30 3 20 3 - - - - - - - - 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 - - 40 8 60 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 8 60 6 - - - - - - - - 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41 Application Guide Speeds & feeds - HSS Endmills Feed Table ( f z ) (mm/tooth) Ø Feed # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 2 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.008 0.010 0.011 0.013 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.020 0.022 0.024 0.026 0.030 3 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.008 0.009 0.010 0.012 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.020 0.023 0.025 0.028 0.032 0.034 0.038 0.042 4 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.009 0.010 0.012 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.021 0.023 0.026 0.030 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.044 0.045 0.050 5 0.005 0.006 0.008 0.009 0.011 0.013 0.015 0.017 0.020 0.023 0.025 0.030 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.044 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.065 6 0.006 0.008 0.009 0.011 0.013 0.016 0.018 0.021 0.024 0.028 0.030 0.034 0.038 0.042 0.045 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.075 8 0.010 0.012 0.014 0.017 0.019 0.022 0.025 0.028 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.045 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.065 0.075 0.080 0.085 0.095 10 0.013 0.015 0.018 0.021 0.024 0.028 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.045 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.075 0.085 0.090 0.100 0.11 0.12 12 0.016 0.019 0.022 0.026 0.030 0.034 0.038 0.044 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.065 0.075 0.080 0.090 0.100 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 16 0.020 0.024 0.028 0.034 0.038 0.044 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.080 0.085 0.095 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.16 0.17 0.18 20 0.022 0.028 0.032 0.038 0.044 0.050 0.060 0.065 0.075 0.085 0.095 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.19 0.21 0.23 25 0.025 0.032 0.038 0.045 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.080 0.090 0.10 0.12 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.20 0.22 0.24 0.26 0.29 Notes on Milling 1. Above values are guidelines for the size and type of cut nominated. 2. For long series tools, reduce speed by 40% and feed by 20%. Condition: A (Annealed), AH (Age Hardened), C (Cast), HT (Hardened & Tempered), QT (Quenched & Tempered) Bold = Optimal | Regular = Effective

28. 404 Application Guide Speeds & Feeds - Carbide Endmills ISO VDI Material Group Sutton P A Steel N UNI M R Stainless Steel VA K F Cast Iron GG N N Non-Ferrous Metals, Aluminiums & Coppers AI W S S Titaniums & Super Alloys Ti Ni H H Hard Materials (≥ 45 HRC) H ^ VDI 3323 material groups can also be determined by referring to the workpiece material cross reference listing. Refer to main index of this section. Catalogue Code E414 E416 E517 E519 E428 E348 E448 E432 E436 E543 E562 E564 E566 E568 Material VHM-ULTRA VHM ULTRA VHM VHM-ULTRA Surface Finish HELICA Brt TiAlN AlCrN TiAlN AlCrN Aldura Sutton Designation VA NH NH VH Type of Cut: Slotting • • • • • • • Finishing • • • • • Universal • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Roughing • • • • • Profiling • ap × Ø 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.0 1.75 1.75 0.25 0.75 0.75 0.25 0.75 0.75 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5 1.0 0.2 2.75 2.75 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.75 1.75 0.5 1.0 0.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 ae × Ø 1.0 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.25 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.05 0.05 0.025 0.05 0.025 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.025 1.0 0.4 1.0 0.4 0.05 0.05 ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 - - - - - - - - 140 9 14 18 200 11 16 20 210 8 8 11 - - - - 180 7 9 210 11 15 210 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 - - - - - - - - 140 9 14 18 200 11 16 20 210 8 8 11 - - - - 180 7 9 210 11 15 210 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 3 QT 250 840 - - - - - - - - 85 9 14 18 120 11 16 20 175 8 8 11 - - - - 100 7 9 175 11 15 175 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 - - - - - - - - 85 9 14 18 120 11 16 20 175 8 8 11 - - - - 100 7 9 175 11 15 175 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 5 QT 300 1010 - - - - - - - - 85 9 14 18 120 11 16 20 175 8 8 11 100 8 11 14 100 7 9 175 11 15 175 11 14 100 11 14 175 9 10 175 9 10 - - - - 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 - - - - - - - - 140 9 14 18 200 11 16 20 210 8 8 11 - - - - 180 7 9 210 11 15 210 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6 7 QT 275 930 - - - - - - - - 85 9 14 18 120 11 16 20 175 8 8 11 - - - - 100 7 9 175 11 15 175 11 14 100 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 7 8 QT 300 1010 - - - - - - - - 85 9 14 18 120 11 16 20 175 8 8 11 100 8 11 14 100 7 9 175 11 15 175 11 14 100 11 14 175 9 10 175 9 10 - - - - 8 9 QT 350 1180 - - - - - - - - 65 9 14 18 90 11 16 20 120 8 8 11 80 8 11 14 80 7 9 120 11 15 120 11 14 80 11 14 120 9 10 120 9 10 - - - - 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 - - - - - - - - 85 9 14 18 120 11 16 20 175 8 8 11 - - - - 100 7 9 175 11 15 175 11 14 100 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 10 11 HT 325 1100 - - - - - - - - 65 9 14 18 90 11 16 20 120 8 8 11 80 8 11 14 80 7 9 120 11 15 120 11 14 80 11 14 120 9 10 120 9 10 - - - - 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 120 7 6 11 120 8 5 12 70 9 14 18 100 11 16 20 - - - - - - - - 90 7 9 120 11 15 120 11 14 90 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 100 7 6 11 100 8 5 12 55 9 14 18 80 11 16 20 - - - - 80 8 11 14 80 7 9 100 11 15 100 11 14 80 11 14 100 9 10 100 9 10 - - - - 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 120 7 6 11 120 8 5 12 70 9 14 18 100 11 16 20 - - - - - - - - 90 7 9 - - - - - - 90 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 120 7 6 11 120 8 5 12 70 9 14 18 100 11 16 20 - - - - - - - - 90 7 9 - - - - - - 90 11 14 120 9 10 120 9 10 - - - - 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 100 7 6 11 100 8 5 12 55 9 14 18 80 11 16 20 - - - - 80 8 11 14 80 7 9 - - - - - - 80 11 14 100 9 10 100 9 10 - - - - 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 - - - - - - - - 105 9 14 18 - - - - 150 8 8 11 - - - - 140 7 9 150 11 15 150 11 14 140 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 - - - - - - - - 105 9 14 18 150 11 16 20 150 8 8 11 140 8 11 14 140 7 9 150 11 15 150 11 14 140 11 14 150 9 10 150 9 10 - - - - 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 - - - - - - - - 105 9 14 18 150 11 16 20 150 8 8 11 - - - - 140 7 9 150 11 15 150 11 14 140 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 - - - - - - - - 105 9 14 18 150 11 16 20 150 8 8 11 140 8 11 14 140 7 9 150 11 15 150 11 14 140 11 14 150 9 10 150 9 10 - - - - 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 - - - - - - - - 85 9 14 18 120 11 16 20 110 8 8 11 - - - - 100 7 9 110 11 15 110 11 14 100 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 - - - - - - - - 85 9 14 18 120 11 16 20 110 8 8 11 - - - - 100 7 9 110 11 15 110 11 14 100 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 70 7 6 11 70 8 5 12 40 9 14 18 60 11 16 20 50 - - - - - - - 50 7 9 - - - - - - 50 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 31 S 32 AH 280 950 70 7 6 11 70 8 5 12 40 9 14 18 60 11 16 20 50 - - - - - - - 50 7 9 50 11 15 50 11 14 50 11 14 50 9 10 50 9 10 - - - - 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 70 7 6 11 70 8 5 12 40 9 14 18 60 11 16 20 50 - - - - - - - 50 7 9 - - - - - - 50 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 33 34 AH 350 1180 70 7 6 11 70 8 5 12 40 9 14 18 60 11 16 20 50 - - - 50 8 11 14 50 7 9 50 11 15 50 11 14 50 11 14 50 9 10 50 9 10 - - - - 34 35 C 320 1080 70 7 6 11 70 8 5 12 - - - - - - - - - - - - 50 8 11 14 50 7 9 50 11 15 50 11 14 50 - - 50 9 10 50 9 10 - - - - 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa 90 7 6 11 90 8 5 12 - - - - - - - - 70 8 8 11 - - - - 70 7 9 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa 90 7 6 11 90 8 5 12 55 9 14 18 75 11 16 20 70 8 8 11 - - - - 70 7 9 - - - - - - 70 11 14 - 9 10 - 9 10 - - - - 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa 90 7 6 11 90 8 5 12 55 9 14 18 75 11 16 20 70 8 8 11 - - - - 70 7 9 70 11 15 70 11 14 70 11 14 70 9 10 70 9 10 - - - - 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - - - - - 55 9 14 18 75 11 16 20 - - - - 70 8 11 14 70 7 9 70 11 15 70 11 14 70 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa 90 7 6 11 90 8 5 12 55 9 14 18 75 11 16 20 70 8 8 11 - - - - 70 7 9 70 11 15 70 11 14 70 11 14 70 9 10 70 9 10 - - - - 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa 90 7 6 11 90 8 5 12 - - - - - - - - - - - - 70 8 11 14 - - - 70 11 15 70 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC - - - - - - - - 65 9 14 18 90 11 16 20 120 8 8 11 80 8 11 14 80 7 9 120 11 15 120 11 14 80 11 14 120 9 10 120 9 10 - - - - 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 120 11 15 120 11 14 - - - - - - - - - 60 12 60 12 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 100 11 15 100 11 14 - - - - - - - - - 50 12 50 12 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 12 30 12 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 - - - - - - - - 65 9 14 18 90 11 16 20 120 8 8 11 - - - - 80 7 9 120 11 15 120 11 14 80 11 14 120 9 10 120 9 10 - - - - 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 100 11 15 100 11 14 - - - - - - - - - 140 12 140 12 41 Feed Table ( f z ) (mm/tooth) Ø Feed # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 2 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.008 0.010 0.011 0.013 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.020 0.022 0.024 0.026 0.030 3 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.008 0.009 0.010 0.012 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.020 0.023 0.025 0.028 0.032 0.034 0.038 0.042 4 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.009 0.010 0.012 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.021 0.023 0.026 0.030 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.044 0.045 0.050 5 0.005 0.006 0.008 0.009 0.011 0.013 0.015 0.017 0.020 0.023 0.025 0.030 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.044 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.065 6 0.006 0.008 0.009 0.011 0.013 0.016 0.018 0.021 0.024 0.028 0.030 0.034 0.038 0.042 0.045 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.075 8 0.010 0.012 0.014 0.017 0.019 0.022 0.025 0.028 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.045 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.065 0.075 0.080 0.085 0.095 10 0.013 0.015 0.018 0.021 0.024 0.028 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.045 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.075 0.085 0.090 0.100 0.11 0.12 12 0.016 0.019 0.022 0.026 0.030 0.034 0.038 0.044 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.065 0.075 0.080 0.090 0.100 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 16 0.020 0.024 0.028 0.034 0.038 0.044 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.080 0.085 0.095 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.16 0.17 0.18 20 0.022 0.028 0.032 0.038 0.044 0.050 0.060 0.065 0.075 0.085 0.095 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.19 0.21 0.23 25 0.025 0.032 0.038 0.045 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.080 0.090 0.10 0.12 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.20 0.22 0.24 0.26 0.29 Notes on Milling 1. Above values are guidelines for the size and type of cut nominated. 2. For long series tools, reduce speed by 40% and feed by 20%. Condition: A (Annealed), AH (Age Hardened), C (Cast), HT (Hardened & Tempered), QT (Quenched & Tempered) Bold = Optimal | Regular = Effective

25. 401 Catalogue Code E418 E420 E424 E535 E559 E426 E430 E545 E549 E440 E442 E456 E457 E458 Material VHM-ULTRA VHM-ULTRA VHM Surface Finish AlCrN AlCrN TiAlN Sutton Designation UNI UNI N Type of Cut: Slotting • • • • • • • Finishing • • • • • Universal • • • • • • • • • Roughing • • • • • • • Profiling • • ap × Ø 0.25 1.0 1.0 0.25 1.0 1.0 0.25 1.0 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 0.25 1.0 1.0 0.25 1.0 1.0 0.5 1.75 1.75 1.0 1.5 1.5 0.1 0.1 - - - ae × Ø 1.0 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.4 1.0 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.2 0.3 1.0 0.3 0.3 1.0 0.4 0.4 0.05 0.05 - - - ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc Feed # Feed # Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 210 7 9 13 210 7 11 15 210 9 11 16 210 8 11 210 8 11 210 7 11 16 210 7 11 15 180 5 5 9 180 9 5 13 - - - - 180 16 180 15 180 16 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 210 7 9 13 210 7 11 15 210 9 11 16 210 8 11 210 8 11 210 7 11 16 210 7 11 15 180 5 5 9 180 9 5 13 - - - - 180 16 180 15 180 16 2 3 QT 250 840 175 7 9 13 175 7 11 15 175 9 11 16 175 8 11 175 8 11 175 7 11 16 175 7 11 15 100 5 5 9 100 9 5 13 175 18 175 18 100 16 100 15 100 16 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 175 7 9 13 175 7 11 15 175 9 11 16 175 8 11 175 8 11 175 7 11 16 175 7 11 15 100 5 5 9 100 9 5 13 175 18 175 18 100 16 100 15 100 16 4 5 QT 300 1010 175 7 9 13 175 7 11 15 175 9 11 16 175 8 11 175 8 11 175 7 11 16 175 7 11 15 100 5 5 9 100 9 5 13 175 18 175 18 100 16 100 15 100 16 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 210 7 9 13 210 7 11 15 210 9 11 16 210 8 11 210 8 11 210 7 11 16 210 7 11 15 180 5 5 9 180 9 5 13 - - - - 180 16 180 15 180 16 6 7 QT 275 930 175 7 9 13 175 7 11 15 175 9 11 16 175 8 11 175 8 11 175 7 11 16 175 7 11 15 100 5 5 9 100 9 5 13 175 18 175 18 100 16 100 15 100 16 7 8 QT 300 1010 175 7 9 13 175 7 11 15 175 9 11 16 175 8 11 175 8 11 175 7 11 16 175 7 11 15 100 5 5 9 100 9 5 13 175 18 175 18 100 16 100 15 100 16 8 9 QT 350 1180 120 7 9 13 120 7 11 15 120 9 11 16 120 8 11 120 8 11 120 7 11 16 120 7 11 15 80 5 5 9 80 9 5 13 120 18 120 18 80 16 80 15 80 16 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 175 7 9 13 175 7 11 15 175 9 11 16 175 8 11 175 8 11 175 7 11 16 175 7 11 15 100 5 5 9 100 9 5 13 175 18 175 18 100 16 100 15 100 16 10 11 HT 325 1100 120 7 9 13 120 7 11 15 120 9 11 16 120 8 11 120 8 11 120 7 11 16 120 7 11 15 80 5 5 9 80 9 5 13 120 18 120 18 80 16 80 15 80 16 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - 90 8 11 90 8 11 - - - - - - - - 90 5 5 9 90 9 5 13 - - - - 90 16 90 15 90 16 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 - - - - - - - - - - - - 80 8 11 80 8 11 - - - - - - - - 80 5 5 9 80 9 5 13 - - - - 80 16 80 15 80 16 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 11 - 8 11 - - - - - - - - 90 5 5 9 90 9 5 13 - - - - 90 16 90 15 90 16 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 11 - 8 11 - - - - - - - - 90 5 5 9 90 9 5 13 - - - - 90 16 90 15 90 16 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 80 5 5 9 80 9 5 13 - - - - 80 16 80 15 80 16 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 150 7 9 13 150 7 11 15 150 9 11 16 150 8 11 150 8 11 150 7 11 16 150 7 11 15 140 5 5 9 140 9 5 13 150 18 150 18 140 16 140 15 140 16 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 150 7 9 13 150 7 11 15 150 9 11 16 150 8 11 150 8 11 150 7 11 16 150 7 11 15 140 5 5 9 140 9 5 13 150 18 150 18 140 16 140 15 140 16 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 150 7 9 13 150 7 11 15 150 9 11 16 150 8 11 150 8 11 150 7 11 16 150 7 11 15 140 5 5 9 140 9 5 13 150 18 150 18 140 16 140 15 140 16 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 150 7 9 13 150 7 11 15 150 9 11 16 150 8 11 150 8 11 150 7 11 16 150 7 11 15 140 5 5 9 140 9 5 13 150 18 150 18 140 16 140 15 140 16 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 110 7 9 13 110 7 11 15 110 9 11 16 110 8 11 110 8 11 110 7 11 16 110 7 11 15 100 5 5 9 100 9 5 13 110 18 110 18 100 16 100 15 100 16 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 110 7 9 13 110 7 11 15 110 9 11 16 110 8 11 110 8 11 110 7 11 16 110 7 11 15 100 5 5 9 100 9 5 13 110 18 110 18 100 16 100 15 100 16 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 - - - - - - - - - - - - 200 8 11 200 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 - - - - - - - - - - - - 200 8 11 200 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 - - - - - - - - - - - - 200 8 11 200 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 - - - - - - - - - - - - 200 8 11 200 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 - - - - - - - - - - - - 200 8 11 200 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 - - - - - - - - - - - - 200 8 11 200 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 50 7 9 13 50 7 11 15 50 9 11 16 50 8 11 50 8 11 50 7 11 16 50 7 11 15 50 5 5 9 50 9 5 13 50 18 50 18 50 16 50 15 50 16 31 S 32 AH 280 950 50 7 9 13 50 7 11 15 50 9 11 16 50 8 11 50 8 11 50 7 11 16 50 7 11 15 50 5 5 9 50 9 5 13 50 18 50 18 50 16 50 15 50 16 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 50 7 9 13 50 7 11 15 50 9 11 16 50 8 11 50 8 11 50 7 11 16 50 7 11 15 50 5 5 9 50 9 5 13 50 18 50 18 50 16 50 15 50 16 33 34 AH 350 1180 50 7 9 13 50 7 11 15 50 9 11 16 - - - - - - 50 7 11 16 50 7 11 15 - - - - - - - - 50 18 50 18 50 16 50 15 50 16 34 35 C 320 1080 50 7 9 13 50 7 11 15 50 9 11 16 50 8 11 50 8 11 50 7 11 16 50 7 11 15 50 5 5 9 50 9 5 13 50 18 50 18 50 16 50 15 50 16 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa 70 7 9 13 70 7 11 15 70 9 11 16 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 11 16 70 7 11 15 70 5 5 9 70 9 5 13 70 18 70 18 70 16 70 15 70 16 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa 70 7 9 13 70 7 11 15 70 9 11 16 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 11 16 70 7 11 15 70 5 5 9 70 9 5 13 70 18 70 18 70 16 70 15 70 16 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa 70 7 9 13 70 7 11 15 70 9 11 16 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 11 16 70 7 11 15 70 5 5 9 70 9 5 13 70 18 70 18 70 16 70 15 70 16 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa 70 7 9 13 70 7 11 15 70 9 11 16 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 11 16 70 7 11 15 70 5 5 9 70 9 5 13 70 18 70 18 70 16 70 15 70 16 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa 70 7 9 13 70 7 11 15 70 9 11 16 70 8 11 70 8 11 70 7 11 16 70 7 11 15 70 5 5 9 70 9 5 13 70 18 70 18 70 16 70 15 70 16 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa 70 7 9 13 70 7 11 15 70 9 11 16 - - - - - - 70 7 11 16 70 7 11 15 - - - - - - - - 70 18 70 18 70 16 70 15 70 16 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC 120 7 9 13 120 7 11 15 120 9 11 16 120 8 11 120 8 11 120 7 11 16 120 7 11 15 - - - - - - - - 120 18 120 18 80 16 80 15 80 16 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC 120 7 9 13 120 7 11 15 120 9 11 16 - - - - - - 120 7 11 16 120 7 11 15 - - - - - - - - 120 18 120 18 60 16 60 15 60 16 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC 100 7 9 13 100 7 11 15 100 9 11 16 - - - - - - 100 7 11 16 100 7 11 15 - - - - - - - - 100 18 100 18 - - - - - - 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 120 7 9 13 120 7 11 15 120 9 11 16 120 8 11 120 8 11 120 7 11 16 120 7 11 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - 60 16 60 15 60 16 40 41 HT 55 HRC 100 7 9 13 100 7 11 15 100 9 11 16 100 8 11 100 8 11 100 7 11 16 100 7 11 15 - - - - - - - - 100 18 100 18 - - - - - - 41 Ø = nominal tool diameter (inch) n = Spindel speed (RPM) v c = Cutting speed (SFM) f z = Feed rate per tooth (inch/tooth) v f = Feed rate (inch/min) z = No. cutting edges Q = Metal removal rate (in 3 /min) a p = Cutting depth (inch) a e = Cutting width (inch) n = v c × 12 v c x 3.82 Ø × π Ø v c = n x Ø × π n x Ø 12 3.82 f z = V f v f = f z x z x n z x n Q = a p x a e × v f 1000 IMPERIAL ENDMILLS (inch size) Ø = nominal tool diameter (mm) n = Spindel speed (RPM) v c = Cutting speed (m/min) f z = Feed rate per tooth (mm/tooth) v f = Feed rate (mm/min) z = No. cutting edges Q = Metal removal rate (cm 3 /min) a p = Cutting depth (mm) a e = Cutting width (mm) n = v c × 1000 v c x 318 Ø × π Ø v c = n x Ø × π n x Ø 1000 318 f z = V f v f = f z x z x n z x n Q = a p x a e × v f 1000 METRIC ENDMILLS (mm size)

19. 395 FOR TAPPING BLIND / THROUGH HOLES THREAD FORMING SYNCHRO TAPPING Catalogue Code M T286 T288 T290 T292 T670 T741 T335 T357 T294 T296 T309 T313 T319 T329 T325 T327 T333 T331 T682 T377 T379 T373 T375 T365 T367 T369 T371 T381 T383 MF T298 T299 T300 T301 T743 T744 T668 T669 T343 T345 T773 T754 T756 T758 T760 T762 T764 T766 T768 T770 T772 UNC T302 T303 UNF G (BSPF) T304 T305 T306 T307 T361 T363 Material HSSE V3 VHM HSSE V3 SPM VHM HSSE V3 SPM VHM PM-HSSE V3 Surface Finish Brt TiN Blu TiCN Brt TiN Brt TiCN CrN TiAlN HELICA TiCN TiAlN TiCN CrN TiN Sutton Designation N GG DC XH VH N Cu UNI VA NH N Geometry Low Relief IK IK Special Relief No Groove Multi-Coolant Groove IK Multi-Coolant Groove IK R50 R50 IK L20 L20 IK R45 R45 IK IK Thread Depth ≤ 1.5xØ ≤ 3xØ ≤ 3xØ ≤ 1.5xØ ≤ 3xØ ≤ 2xØ ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc (m/min) Vc (m/min) Vc (m/min) VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 7 11 - - - - - - - - 12 18 12 18 - 23 28 - - 36 39 47 31 31 31 37 - - 25 30 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 7 11 - - - - - - - - 12 18 12 18 - 23 28 23 23 36 39 47 31 31 31 37 - - 25 30 2 3 QT 250 840 6 9 - - - - - - - - - 15 10 15 - 20 23 20 20 30 32 39 26 26 26 31 - - 21 25 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 7 10 - - - - - - - - - 17 11 17 - 21 26 21 21 33 36 43 29 29 29 34 - - 23 27 4 5 QT 300 1010 5 8 - - - - - - 11 - - - - - - - - - 18 27 29 35 23 23 23 28 - - - - 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 7 11 - - - - - - - - - 18 12 18 - 23 28 23 23 36 39 47 31 31 31 37 - - 25 30 6 7 QT 275 930 5 7 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 19 16 16 24 26 31 21 21 21 25 - - 17 20 7 8 QT 300 1010 4 5 - - - - - - 7 - - - - - - - - - 12 18 19 23 16 16 16 19 - - - - 8 9 QT 350 1180 - - - - - - - - 4 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 5 7 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 19 - 16 24 26 31 21 21 21 25 - - 17 20 10 11 HT 325 1100 - - - - - - - - 7 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 19 13 13 13 16 - - - - 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 - - - - - - - - 4 5 - - - - - - - - - - 10 12 8 8 8 9 - - - - 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 - - - - - - - - - - - 9 - 9 - 12 14 12 12 18 19 23 16 16 16 19 - - 12 15 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - 6 - 6 - 8 9 8 8 12 13 16 10 10 10 12 - - 8 10 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 12 8 8 8 9 - - - - 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 7 11 8 11 22 26 11 13 - - - - - - - - - - - - 39 47 31 31 31 37 - - - - 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 6 9 7 9 18 22 9 11 12 - - - - - - - - - - - 32 39 26 26 26 31 - - - - 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 7 11 8 11 22 26 11 13 - - - - - - - - - - - - 39 47 31 31 31 37 - - - - 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 6 9 7 9 18 22 9 11 12 - - - - - - - - - - - 32 39 26 26 26 31 - - - - 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 9 14 10 14 27 32 14 16 - - - - - - - - - - - - 49 58 39 39 39 47 - - - - 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 7 11 8 11 22 26 11 13 - - - - - - - - - - - - 39 47 31 31 31 37 - - - - 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 7 11 - - - - - - - - 12 18 12 18 18 23 28 23 - 36 39 47 31 31 31 37 31 31 25 30 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 9 14 - - - - - - - - 15 23 15 23 23 29 35 29 - 45 49 58 39 39 39 47 39 39 31 37 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 9 14 - - - - 14 16 - - 15 23 15 23 23 29 35 29 - 45 49 58 39 39 39 47 39 39 31 37 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 9 14 - - - - 14 16 - - 15 23 15 23 23 29 35 29 - 45 49 58 39 39 39 47 39 39 31 37 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 - - - 9 18 22 9 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - 32 39 26 26 26 31 - - - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 5 7 - - - - - - - - 8 12 8 12 12 16 19 16 - - 26 31 21 21 21 25 21 21 - - 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 11 16 - - 32 39 16 19 21 32 - - - - - - - - - - 58 70 47 47 47 56 47 47 - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 8 13 - - - - - - - - 14 21 14 21 21 27 33 27 27 42 45 54 36 36 36 44 36 36 29 35 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 12 8 8 - - - - - - 31 S 32 AH 280 950 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 10 6 6 - - - - - - 33 34 AH 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 34 35 C 320 1080 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 13 16 - - - - 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 13 16 - - - - 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 9 - - - - 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC - - - - - - - - 4 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 - - - - 14 17 7 9 9 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41 Condition: A (Annealed), AH (Age Hardened), C (Cast), HT (Hardened & Tempered), QT (Quenched & Tempered) Bold = Optimal | Regular = Effective Ø = nominal tap size (inch) TPI = thread count per inch (TPI) n = spindle speed (RPM) v c = cutting speed (m/min) v f = feed rate (mm/min) v r = feed rate per rev (mm/rev) n = v c × 1000 v c x 12.5 Ø × π x 25.4 Ø v c = n x Ø × π x 25.4 n x Ø 1000 12.5 v f = n x 25.4 TPI IMPERIAL TAPS (inch size) Ø = nominal tap size (mm) P = thread pitch (mm) n = spindle speed (RPM) v c = cutting speed (m/min) v f = feed rate (mm/min) v r = feed rate per rev (mm/rev) n = v c × 1000 v c x 318 Ø × π Ø v c = n x Ø × π n x Ø 1000 318 v f = n x P METRIC TAPS (mm size)

35. 411 Catalogue Code E150 E151 E118 E112 E111 E121 E122 E152 E153 E157 E251 E170 E171 E176 E158 E159 Material SPM SPM SPM HSS Co.8 HSS Co.8 SPM SPM SPM SPM SPM SPM HSS Co.8 SPM SPM SPM Surface Finish TiAlN TiAlN CrN TiAlN Brt TiAlN Brt TiAlN TiAlN TICN Brt TiCN TiAlN Brt TiAlN Sutton Designation UNI UNI Cu Al W W W W VA VA NH H Ti Ti Geometry R30 NR R45 HRS R30 R40 R40 R45 R45 R30 WR R30 WR R55 R30 VA-R R30 HR R30 HR R30 HR R30 R30 Type of Cut: Slotting • • • • Finishing • • Universal • • • • • Roughing • • • • • • • • • • • Profiling • ap × Ø 1.0 1.0 0.05 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.5 1.5 0.5 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.0 1.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5 1.0 1.5 1.0 ae × Ø 0.5 0.5 0.02-0.05 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.1 0.1 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.25 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.25 0.5 0.25 0.5 ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 40 5 70 6 90 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 40 5 70 6 90 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 3 QT 250 840 40 5 60 6 90 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 4 30 3 - - 40 4 - - - - - - - - 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 40 5 60 6 90 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 4 - - - - 40 4 - - - - - - - - 4 5 QT 300 1010 30 4 40 4 55 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 4 30 3 35 3 40 4 - - - - - - - - 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 40 5 60 6 90 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6 7 QT 275 930 35 4 40 5 80 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 4 38 3 40 3 40 4 - - - - - - - - 7 8 QT 300 1010 30 4 40 4 55 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 4 30 3 35 3 40 4 - - - - - - - - 8 9 QT 350 1180 30 4 30 4 45 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 3 30 3 30 3 - - - - - - - - 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 30 4 40 4 55 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 4 30 3 35 3 40 4 - - - - - - - - 10 11 HT 325 1100 30 4 30 4 45 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 3 30 3 30 3 - - - - - - - - 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - 15 3 30 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 7 20 6 25 6 15 3 20 3 25 6 - - - - - - - - 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 30 4 30 4 45 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 7 25 6 30 4 25 3 30 3 30 3 - - - - - - - - 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 - - 25 4 40 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 35 7 30 6 40 10 - - 35 4 - - - - - - - - - - 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 - - 15 2 35 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 7 20 6 40 10 - - 25 3 - - - - - - 35 5 35 4 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - - 15 3 30 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 7 20 6 25 6 - - 20 3 25 6 - - - - 35 5 35 4 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 50 8 60 8 80 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 50 8 60 8 60 7 - - - - - - - - 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 - - 40 8 60 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 8 60 7 - - - - - - - - 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 40 8 25 8 50 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 8 30 8 40 7 - - - - - - - - 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 - - 25 8 50 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 8 40 7 - - - - - - - - 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 - - 25 8 50 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 8 30 8 40 7 - - - - - - - - 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 - - 25 8 50 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 8 40 7 - - - - - - - - 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 70 5 - - 180 6 100 6 110 6 150 10 250 10 250 12 200 10 300 10 300 12 77 6 90 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 70 5 - - 180 6 100 6 110 6 150 10 250 10 250 12 200 10 300 10 300 12 77 6 90 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 55 4 80 8 120 5 72 5 80 5 100 10 150 10 150 12 150 10 180 10 180 12 58 5 65 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 55 4 80 8 120 5 72 5 80 5 100 10 150 10 150 12 150 10 180 10 180 12 58 5 65 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 38 6 - - 100 5 48 6 60 6 60 8 70 10 100 12 70 8 120 10 120 12 40 7 50 7 - - - - - - - - - - 50 7 - - - - - - - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 37 7 - - 40 5 58 5 55 5 60 8 70 10 100 12 70 8 - - - - 38 8 45 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 - - - - - - - - - - 50 8 60 10 100 12 60 8 - - - - 40 8 - - - - - - - - 25 5 30 5 30 6 - - - - - - - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 55 7 - - 70 6 86 6 80 6 100 10 130 10 130 12 130 10 150 10 150 12 58 8 70 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics 55 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 7 - - 25 4 - - - - 25 4 - - - - - - - - 31 S 32 AH 280 950 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 7 15 7 15 4 - - - - 15 4 - - - - - - - - 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 7 - - 25 4 - - - - 25 4 - - - - - - - - 33 34 AH 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15 6 12 6 10 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - - - - - 34 35 C 320 1080 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 7 15 7 15 4 - - - - 15 4 - - - - - - - - 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 9 20 9 30 5 - - - - 30 5 40 9 32 9 50 9 40 9 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 9 15 9 15 4 - - - - 15 4 25 9 20 9 35 9 30 9 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 9 15 9 15 4 - - - - 15 4 25 9 20 9 35 9 30 9 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15 9 12 9 12 4 - - - - 12 4 20 9 15 9 25 9 20 9 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 9 15 9 15 4 - - - - 15 4 25 9 20 9 35 9 30 9 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15 9 12 9 12 4 - - - - 12 4 20 9 15 9 25 9 20 9 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC 25 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 3 25 3 30 3 20 3 - - - - - - - - 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 - - 40 8 60 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 8 60 6 - - - - - - - - 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41 Ø = nominal tool diameter (inch) n = Spindel speed (RPM) v c = Cutting speed (SFM) f z = Feed rate per tooth (inch/tooth) v f = Feed rate (inch/min) z = No. cutting edges Q = Metal removal rate (in 3 /min) a p = Cutting depth (inch) a e = Cutting width (inch) n = v c × 12 v c x 3.82 Ø × π Ø v c = n x Ø × π n x Ø 12 3.82 f z = V f v f = f z x z x n z x n Q = a p x a e × v f 1000 IMPERIAL ENDMILLS (inch size) Ø = nominal tool diameter (mm) n = Spindel speed (RPM) v c = Cutting speed (m/min) f z = Feed rate per tooth (mm/tooth) v f = Feed rate (mm/min) z = No. cutting edges Q = Metal removal rate (cm 3 /min) a p = Cutting depth (mm) a e = Cutting width (mm) n = v c × 1000 v c x 318 Ø × π Ø v c = n x Ø × π n x Ø 1000 318 f z = V f v f = f z x z x n z x n Q = a p x a e × v f 1000 METRIC ENDMILLS (mm size)

29. 405 Ø = nominal tool diameter (inch) n = Spindel speed (RPM) v c = Cutting speed (SFM) f z = Feed rate per tooth (inch/tooth) v f = Feed rate (inch/min) z = No. cutting edges Q = Metal removal rate (in 3 /min) a p = Cutting depth (inch) a e = Cutting width (inch) n = v c × 12 v c x 3.82 Ø × π Ø v c = n x Ø × π n x Ø 12 3.82 f z = V f v f = f z x z x n z x n Q = a p x a e × v f 1000 IMPERIAL ENDMILLS (inch size) Ø = nominal tool diameter (mm) n = Spindel speed (RPM) v c = Cutting speed (m/min) f z = Feed rate per tooth (mm/tooth) v f = Feed rate (mm/min) z = No. cutting edges Q = Metal removal rate (cm 3 /min) a p = Cutting depth (mm) a e = Cutting width (mm) n = v c × 1000 v c x 318 Ø × π Ø v c = n x Ø × π n x Ø 1000 318 f z = V f v f = f z x z x n z x n Q = a p x a e × v f 1000 METRIC ENDMILLS (mm size) Catalogue Code E414 E416 E517 E519 E428 E348 E448 E432 E436 E543 E562 E564 E566 E568 Material VHM-ULTRA VHM ULTRA VHM VHM-ULTRA Surface Finish HELICA Brt TiAlN AlCrN TiAlN AlCrN Aldura Sutton Designation VA NH NH VH Type of Cut: Slotting • • • • • • • Finishing • • • • • Universal • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Roughing • • • • • Profiling • ap × Ø 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.0 1.75 1.75 0.25 0.75 0.75 0.25 0.75 0.75 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5 1.0 0.2 2.75 2.75 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.75 1.75 0.5 1.0 0.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 ae × Ø 1.0 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.25 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.05 0.05 0.025 0.05 0.025 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.025 1.0 0.4 1.0 0.4 0.05 0.05 ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 - - - - - - - - 140 9 14 18 200 11 16 20 210 8 8 11 - - - - 180 7 9 210 11 15 210 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 - - - - - - - - 140 9 14 18 200 11 16 20 210 8 8 11 - - - - 180 7 9 210 11 15 210 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 3 QT 250 840 - - - - - - - - 85 9 14 18 120 11 16 20 175 8 8 11 - - - - 100 7 9 175 11 15 175 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 - - - - - - - - 85 9 14 18 120 11 16 20 175 8 8 11 - - - - 100 7 9 175 11 15 175 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 5 QT 300 1010 - - - - - - - - 85 9 14 18 120 11 16 20 175 8 8 11 100 8 11 14 100 7 9 175 11 15 175 11 14 100 11 14 175 9 10 175 9 10 - - - - 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 - - - - - - - - 140 9 14 18 200 11 16 20 210 8 8 11 - - - - 180 7 9 210 11 15 210 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6 7 QT 275 930 - - - - - - - - 85 9 14 18 120 11 16 20 175 8 8 11 - - - - 100 7 9 175 11 15 175 11 14 100 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 7 8 QT 300 1010 - - - - - - - - 85 9 14 18 120 11 16 20 175 8 8 11 100 8 11 14 100 7 9 175 11 15 175 11 14 100 11 14 175 9 10 175 9 10 - - - - 8 9 QT 350 1180 - - - - - - - - 65 9 14 18 90 11 16 20 120 8 8 11 80 8 11 14 80 7 9 120 11 15 120 11 14 80 11 14 120 9 10 120 9 10 - - - - 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 - - - - - - - - 85 9 14 18 120 11 16 20 175 8 8 11 - - - - 100 7 9 175 11 15 175 11 14 100 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 10 11 HT 325 1100 - - - - - - - - 65 9 14 18 90 11 16 20 120 8 8 11 80 8 11 14 80 7 9 120 11 15 120 11 14 80 11 14 120 9 10 120 9 10 - - - - 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 120 7 6 11 120 8 5 12 70 9 14 18 100 11 16 20 - - - - - - - - 90 7 9 120 11 15 120 11 14 90 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 100 7 6 11 100 8 5 12 55 9 14 18 80 11 16 20 - - - - 80 8 11 14 80 7 9 100 11 15 100 11 14 80 11 14 100 9 10 100 9 10 - - - - 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 120 7 6 11 120 8 5 12 70 9 14 18 100 11 16 20 - - - - - - - - 90 7 9 - - - - - - 90 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 120 7 6 11 120 8 5 12 70 9 14 18 100 11 16 20 - - - - - - - - 90 7 9 - - - - - - 90 11 14 120 9 10 120 9 10 - - - - 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 100 7 6 11 100 8 5 12 55 9 14 18 80 11 16 20 - - - - 80 8 11 14 80 7 9 - - - - - - 80 11 14 100 9 10 100 9 10 - - - - 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 - - - - - - - - 105 9 14 18 - - - - 150 8 8 11 - - - - 140 7 9 150 11 15 150 11 14 140 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 - - - - - - - - 105 9 14 18 150 11 16 20 150 8 8 11 140 8 11 14 140 7 9 150 11 15 150 11 14 140 11 14 150 9 10 150 9 10 - - - - 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 - - - - - - - - 105 9 14 18 150 11 16 20 150 8 8 11 - - - - 140 7 9 150 11 15 150 11 14 140 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 - - - - - - - - 105 9 14 18 150 11 16 20 150 8 8 11 140 8 11 14 140 7 9 150 11 15 150 11 14 140 11 14 150 9 10 150 9 10 - - - - 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 - - - - - - - - 85 9 14 18 120 11 16 20 110 8 8 11 - - - - 100 7 9 110 11 15 110 11 14 100 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 - - - - - - - - 85 9 14 18 120 11 16 20 110 8 8 11 - - - - 100 7 9 110 11 15 110 11 14 100 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 70 7 6 11 70 8 5 12 40 9 14 18 60 11 16 20 50 - - - - - - - 50 7 9 - - - - - - 50 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 31 S 32 AH 280 950 70 7 6 11 70 8 5 12 40 9 14 18 60 11 16 20 50 - - - - - - - 50 7 9 50 11 15 50 11 14 50 11 14 50 9 10 50 9 10 - - - - 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 70 7 6 11 70 8 5 12 40 9 14 18 60 11 16 20 50 - - - - - - - 50 7 9 - - - - - - 50 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 33 34 AH 350 1180 70 7 6 11 70 8 5 12 40 9 14 18 60 11 16 20 50 - - - 50 8 11 14 50 7 9 50 11 15 50 11 14 50 11 14 50 9 10 50 9 10 - - - - 34 35 C 320 1080 70 7 6 11 70 8 5 12 - - - - - - - - - - - - 50 8 11 14 50 7 9 50 11 15 50 11 14 50 - - 50 9 10 50 9 10 - - - - 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa 90 7 6 11 90 8 5 12 - - - - - - - - 70 8 8 11 - - - - 70 7 9 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa 90 7 6 11 90 8 5 12 55 9 14 18 75 11 16 20 70 8 8 11 - - - - 70 7 9 - - - - - - 70 11 14 - 9 10 - 9 10 - - - - 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa 90 7 6 11 90 8 5 12 55 9 14 18 75 11 16 20 70 8 8 11 - - - - 70 7 9 70 11 15 70 11 14 70 11 14 70 9 10 70 9 10 - - - - 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - - - - - 55 9 14 18 75 11 16 20 - - - - 70 8 11 14 70 7 9 70 11 15 70 11 14 70 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa 90 7 6 11 90 8 5 12 55 9 14 18 75 11 16 20 70 8 8 11 - - - - 70 7 9 70 11 15 70 11 14 70 11 14 70 9 10 70 9 10 - - - - 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa 90 7 6 11 90 8 5 12 - - - - - - - - - - - - 70 8 11 14 - - - 70 11 15 70 11 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC - - - - - - - - 65 9 14 18 90 11 16 20 120 8 8 11 80 8 11 14 80 7 9 120 11 15 120 11 14 80 11 14 120 9 10 120 9 10 - - - - 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 120 11 15 120 11 14 - - - - - - - - - 60 12 60 12 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 100 11 15 100 11 14 - - - - - - - - - 50 12 50 12 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 12 30 12 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 - - - - - - - - 65 9 14 18 90 11 16 20 120 8 8 11 - - - - 80 7 9 120 11 15 120 11 14 80 11 14 120 9 10 120 9 10 - - - - 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 100 11 15 100 11 14 - - - - - - - - - 140 12 140 12 41

12. 388 ISO VDI Material Group Sutton P A Steel N UNI M R Stainless Steel VA K F Cast Iron GG N N Non-Ferrous Metals, Aluminiums & Coppers AI W S S Titaniums & Super Alloys Ti Ni H H Hard Materials (≥ 45 HRC) H ^ VDI 3323 material groups can also be determined by referring to the workpiece material cross reference listing. Refer to main index of this section. STUB JOBBER Catalogue Code D186 D146 D151 D190 D177 D155 D153 D156 D101 D102 D103 D179 D109 D158 D163 D200 D165 D168 D182 D180 D169 Material HSS HSS Co SPM HSS Co SPM HSS HSS Co SPM HSS Co HSS HSS Co Surface Finish Blu Brt TiAlN Brt TiAlN TiAlN Brt Blu TiN TiAlN Tip Colour Tempered Brt TiAlN Brt TiAlN TiAlN Tip TiAlN Sutton Designation N NH WN UNI VA H N Hard Materials NH WN UNI NH VA VA Geometry R30 R40 R35 R40 R25 R30 R25 R40 R40 - IK R40 Drilling Depth ≤ 3xØ ≤ 5xØ ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 25 5 20 5 40 6 23 4 35 4 65 6 64 6 - - 12 5 20 5 24 5 24 5 - - 20 5 24 5 20 4 29 4 60 7 65 7 20 4 58 6 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 20 5 17 5 30 6 20 4 30 4 55 6 64 6 - - 10 5 16 5 20 5 20 5 - - 17 5 20 5 18 4 25 4 45 7 55 7 16 4 58 6 2 3 QT 250 840 15 4 12 5 30 6 20 4 30 4 50 6 62 5 40 6 8 5 12 5 18 5 18 5 15 5 12 5 20 5 18 4 25 4 45 7 50 7 12 4 58 5 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 15 4 12 5 30 6 20 4 30 4 50 6 62 5 40 6 8 5 12 5 18 5 18 5 15 5 12 5 20 5 18 4 25 4 45 7 50 7 12 4 58 5 4 5 QT 300 1010 10 4 10 4 15 4 - - 12 4 25 6 - - 30 5 - - 10 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 10 4 12 4 - - 10 4 20 6 25 5 - - - - 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 15 4 12 5 30 6 20 4 30 4 50 6 62 5 - - 8 5 12 5 18 5 18 5 - - 12 5 20 5 18 4 25 4 45 7 50 7 12 4 58 5 6 7 QT 275 930 15 4 12 4 20 5 8 4 20 4 35 6 30 4 35 5 8 4 12 4 18 4 18 4 15 4 12 4 20 4 7 4 20 4 30 7 40 7 12 4 25 5 7 8 QT 300 1010 10 4 10 4 15 4 - - 12 4 25 6 - - 30 5 - - 10 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 10 4 12 4 - - 10 4 20 6 25 5 - - - - 8 9 QT 350 1180 - - - - 12 4 - - - - 15 5 - - 10 4 - - 8 3 10 3 10 3 10 4 - - 10 4 - - - - 12 6 15 5 - - - - 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 10 4 10 4 15 4 - - 12 4 25 6 - - 30 5 8 5 10 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 10 4 12 4 - - 10 4 20 6 25 5 - - - - 10 11 HT 325 1100 - - - - 12 4 - - - - 15 5 - - 10 4 - - 8 3 10 3 10 3 10 4 - - 10 4 - - - - 12 6 15 5 - - - - 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - 11 4 20 4 - - - - 14 4 12 4 - - - - - - 10 3 10 3 - - - - 12 4 - - - - 10 3 14 3 7 4 12 5 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 - - 8 4 12 4 - - - - 15 5 12 5 10 4 - - 8 3 10 3 10 3 - - - - 10 4 - - - - 12 6 15 5 7 4 12 5 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 10 4 10 4 20 5 10 3 15 3 16 5 30 5 - - - - 8 4 10 4 10 4 10 4 10 4 12 4 8 3 12 3 10 4 16 4 12 4 25 5 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 8 4 7 4 15 5 - - 10 4 12 5 20 5 - - - - 6 4 8 4 8 4 8 4 - - - - - - 10 4 8 4 12 4 10 4 14 5 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - - 11 4 20 4 - - 15 4 14 4 12 4 20 4 - - - - - - 10 3 - - - - 12 4 - - - - 10 3 14 3 7 3 12 4 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 25 6 20 6 30 6 - - - - 44 6 - - 40 6 12 6 20 6 25 6 25 6 25 6 20 6 24 6 - - - - 40 6 40 6 - - - - 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 20 5 15 5 25 6 - - - - 39 6 - - 35 6 - - 16 5 20 5 20 5 20 5 20 5 20 5 - - - - 35 6 35 6 - - - - 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 20 6 18 6 25 6 - - - - 44 5 - - 30 5 12 6 16 6 18 6 18 6 20 6 20 6 20 6 - - - - 40 5 40 5 - - - - 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 20 6 18 6 25 6 - - - - 44 5 - - 30 5 - - 16 6 18 6 18 6 20 6 20 6 20 6 - - - - 40 5 40 5 - - - - 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 20 6 18 6 25 6 - - - - 44 5 - - 30 5 - - 16 6 18 6 18 6 20 6 20 6 20 6 - - - - 40 5 40 5 - - - - 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 20 6 18 6 25 6 - - - - 44 5 - - 30 5 - - 16 6 18 6 18 6 20 6 20 6 20 6 - - - - 40 5 40 5 - - - - 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 40 6 42 6 - - 50 6 60 6 88 5 112 6 - - 25 5 30 6 - - - - - - 48 6 - - 36 6 48 6 80 5 60 6 50 6 112 8 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 40 6 42 6 - - 50 6 60 6 88 5 112 6 - - 25 5 30 6 - - - - - - 48 6 - - 36 6 48 6 80 5 60 6 50 6 112 8 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 - - 28 5 40 5 30 5 40 5 53 5 70 7 - - 18 4 - - 30 4 30 4 - - 32 5 32 5 24 5 32 5 48 5 40 5 40 5 70 6 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 - - 28 5 40 5 30 5 40 5 53 5 70 7 - - 18 4 - - 30 4 30 4 - - 32 5 32 5 24 5 32 5 48 5 40 5 40 5 70 6 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 - - - - 30 7 25 8 30 8 - - - - - - 12 6 - - 20 6 20 6 - - - - 25 6 20 7 25 7 30 6 40 5 30 5 - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 - - 25 5 60 5 40 5 50 5 39 4 50 5 - - 20 4 - - 30 4 30 4 - - 48 5 48 5 36 5 48 5 35 4 50 5 50 5 40 5 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 - - 28 5 40 5 - - 35 5 44 5 - - - - 15 4 - - 25 4 25 4 25 6 32 5 32 5 24 5 32 5 40 5 36 5 - - - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 - - 30 5 30 5 45 5 45 5 33 4 80 3 - - 15 4 - - 25 4 25 4 - - - - - - 40 5 40 5 30 5 45 5 30 5 70 3 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics 30 4 50 4 50 4 70 5 70 5 70 5 50 4 - - 25 3 30 4 35 4 35 4 - - 50 4 50 4 50 4 60 5 60 4 70 5 50 4 - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 -3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - - - 31 S 32 AH 280 950 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - - - 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - 8 4 - - 6 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 4 8 3 - - - - 33 34 AH 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - - - 34 35 C 320 1080 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - - - 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - - - 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa - - - - - - - - - - 9 4 10 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9 4 8 3 - - 10 3 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - 8 3 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - - - 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - 8 3 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - - - 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC - - - - - - - - - - 10 4 - - 8 4 - - - - - - - - 10 4 - - - - - - - - 8 4 10 4 - - - - 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 20 5 15 5 25 6 - - - - 39 6 - - 35 6 10 5 16 5 20 5 20 5 20 5 20 5 20 5 - - - - 35 6 35 6 - - - - 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41 Condition: A (Annealed), AH (Age Hardened), C (Cast), HT (Hardened & Tempered), QT (Quenched & Tempered) Bold = Optimal | Regular = Effective Application Guide Speeds & Feeds - HSS D rills Notes on Drilling 1. Step feeding or pecking is required for drilling greater than 3 x Ø. 2. When drilling cast surface & black (ie.not machined surface), reduce drilling speed by 20%. 3. For optimal positional accuracy and hole size, the use of spot drills is recommended prior to drilling desired hole, refer to our standard range (D175). 4. For hole depths greater than 7 x Ø, pre-drill initially to pilot start for more accurate hole position and eliminate drill wandering. The pilot can be drilled with short rigid drill, approx. 3 x Ø in depth and reduced feed to ensure accurate pilot hole.

22. 398 ISO VDI Material Group Sutton P A Steel N UNI M R Stainless Steel VA K F Cast Iron GG N N Non-Ferrous Metals, Aluminiums & Coppers AI W S S Titaniums & Super Alloys Ti Ni H H Hard Materials (≥ 45 HRC) H ^ VDI 3323 material groups can also be determined by referring to the workpiece material cross reference listing. Refer to main index of this section. Application Guide Speeds & Feeds - Carbide Endmills Catalogue Code E600 E603 E504 E506 E513 E515 E601 E604 E529 E531 E547 E450 E602 E605 E551 E553 E555 E607 E557 Material VHM VHM VHM-ULTRA VHM VHM-ULTRA Surface Finish Brt TiAlN Brt TiAlN Brt TiAlN Brt TiAlN Brt TiAlN Brt TiAlN Brt TiAlN AlCrN TiAlN AlCrN Sutton Designation N N WN N Type of Cut: Slotting • • • • • • • Finishing Universal • • • • • • • Roughing • • • • • • • • Profiling • • • • • • • ap × Ø 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.5 1.5 1.5 0.5 1.5 1.5 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.5 0.75 1.0 1.0 0.025 0.025 0.025 0.025 0.025 0.025 0.025 ae × Ø 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.5 1.0 0.4 0.4 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Feed # Vc Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 100 7 144 8 125 7 180 8 125 7 7 13 180 8 8 14 100 7 10 144 8 11 125 7 10 180 8 11 180 12 180 3 5 9 80-140 19 110-200 20 100-175 19 140-250 20 140-250 20 140-250 16 140-250 16 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 100 7 144 8 125 7 180 8 125 7 7 13 180 8 8 14 100 7 10 144 8 11 125 7 10 180 8 11 180 12 180 3 5 9 80-140 19 110-200 20 100-175 19 140-250 20 140-250 20 140-250 16 140-250 16 2 3 QT 250 840 56 7 80 8 70 7 100 8 70 7 7 13 100 8 8 14 56 7 10 80 8 11 70 7 10 100 8 11 100 12 100 3 5 9 45-100 19 60-145 20 55-125 19 75-180 20 75-180 20 75-180 16 75-180 16 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 56 7 80 8 70 7 100 8 70 7 7 13 100 8 8 14 56 7 10 80 8 11 70 7 10 100 8 11 100 12 100 3 5 9 45-100 19 60-145 20 55-125 19 75-180 20 75-180 20 75-180 16 75-180 16 4 5 QT 300 1010 - - 80 8 70 7 100 8 70 7 7 13 100 8 8 14 - - - 80 8 11 70 7 10 100 8 11 100 10 100 3 5 9 - - 60-145 20 55-125 19 75-180 20 75-180 20 75-180 16 75-180 16 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 100 7 144 8 125 7 180 8 125 7 7 13 180 8 8 14 100 7 10 144 8 11 125 7 10 180 8 11 180 12 180 3 5 9 80-140 19 110-200 20 100-175 19 140-250 20 140-250 20 140-250 16 140-250 16 6 7 QT 275 930 56 7 80 8 70 7 100 8 70 7 7 13 100 8 8 14 56 7 10 80 8 11 70 7 10 100 8 11 100 12 100 3 5 9 45-100 19 60-145 20 55-125 19 75-180 20 75-180 20 75-180 16 75-180 16 7 8 QT 300 1010 - - 80 8 70 7 100 8 70 7 7 13 100 8 8 14 - - - 80 8 11 70 7 10 100 8 11 100 10 100 3 5 9 - - 60-145 20 55-125 19 75-180 20 75-180 20 75-180 16 75-180 16 8 9 QT 350 1180 - - 64 8 - - 80 8 - - - - 80 8 8 14 - - - 64 8 11 - - - 80 8 11 - - - - - - - - 45-95 20 40-85 19 60-120 20 60-120 20 60-120 16 60-120 16 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 56 7 80 8 70 7 100 8 70 7 7 13 100 8 8 14 56 7 10 80 8 11 70 7 10 100 8 11 100 10 100 3 5 9 45-100 19 60-145 20 55-125 19 75-180 20 75-180 20 75-180 16 75-180 16 10 11 HT 325 1100 - - 64 8 - - 80 8 - - - - 80 8 8 14 - - - 64 8 11 - - - 80 8 11 - - - - - - - - 45-95 20 40-85 19 60-120 20 60-120 20 60-120 16 60-120 16 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - - - - - 90 8 65 7 7 13 90 8 8 14 - - - - - - 65 7 10 90 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - 50-75 19 70-110 20 70-110 20 - - 70-110 16 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 - - - - - - 80 8 55 7 7 13 80 8 8 14 - - - - - - 55 7 10 80 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - 40-70 19 60-100 20 60-100 20 - - 60-100 16 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 52 7 72 8 65 7 90 8 65 7 7 13 90 8 8 14 52 7 10 72 8 11 65 7 10 90 8 11 - - - - - - 40-60 19 55-90 20 50-75 19 70-110 20 70-110 20 70-110 16 70-110 16 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 52 7 - - 65 7 - - 65 7 7 13 90 8 8 14 52 7 10 72 8 11 65 7 10 90 8 11 - - - - - - 40-60 19 55-90 20 50-75 19 70-110 20 70-110 20 70-110 16 70-110 16 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - - - - 55 7 - - 55 7 7 13 80 8 8 14 - - - - - - 55 7 10 80 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - 40-70 19 60-100 20 60-100 20 - - 60-100 16 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 80 7 112 8 100 7 140 8 100 7 7 13 140 8 8 14 80 7 10 112 8 11 100 7 10 140 8 11 140 10 140 3 5 9 70-100 19 95-145 20 85-125 19 120-180 20 120-180 20 120-180 16 120-180 16 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 80 7 112 8 100 7 140 8 100 7 7 13 140 8 8 14 80 7 10 112 8 11 100 7 10 140 8 11 140 10 140 3 5 9 70-100 19 95-145 20 85-125 19 120-180 20 120-180 20 120-180 16 120-180 16 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 80 7 112 8 100 7 140 8 100 7 7 13 140 8 8 14 80 7 10 112 8 11 100 7 10 140 8 11 140 10 140 3 5 9 70-100 19 95-145 20 85-125 19 120-180 20 120-180 20 120-180 16 120-180 16 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 80 7 112 8 100 7 140 8 100 7 7 13 140 8 8 14 80 7 10 112 8 11 100 7 10 140 8 11 140 10 140 3 5 9 70-100 19 95-145 20 85-125 19 120-180 20 120-180 20 120-180 16 120-180 16 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 56 7 80 8 70 7 100 8 70 7 7 13 100 8 8 14 56 7 10 80 8 11 70 7 10 100 8 11 100 10 100 3 5 9 55-80 19 80-110 20 70-100 19 100-140 20 100-140 20 100-140 16 100-140 16 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 56 7 80 8 70 7 100 8 70 7 7 13 100 8 8 14 56 7 10 80 8 11 70 7 10 100 8 11 100 10 100 3 5 9 55-80 19 80-110 20 70-100 19 100-140 20 100-140 20 100-140 16 100-140 16 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 300 16 - - - - - - - - - - 150-450 20 150-450 20 150-450 16 150-450 16 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 300 16 - - - - - - - - - - 150-450 20 150-450 20 150-450 16 150-450 16 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 300 16 - - - - - - - - - - 150-450 20 150-450 20 150-450 16 150-450 16 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 300 16 - - - - - - - - - - 150-450 20 150-450 20 150-450 16 150-450 16 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 300 16 - - - - - - - - - - 150-450 20 150-450 20 150-450 16 150-450 16 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 120-350 20 120-350 20 120-350 16 120-350 16 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 120-350 20 120-350 20 120-350 16 120-350 16 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 120-350 20 120-350 20 120-350 16 120-350 16 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - - - 35 7 50 8 35 7 7 13 50 8 8 14 - - - - - - 35 7 10 50 8 11 - - 50 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - 40-90 20 - - 40-90 16 31 S 32 AH 280 950 - - - - 35 7 50 8 35 7 7 13 50 8 8 14 - - - - - - 35 7 10 50 8 11 - - 50 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - - - 35 7 50 8 35 7 7 13 50 8 8 14 - - - - - - 35 7 10 50 8 11 - - 50 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - 40-90 20 - - 40-90 16 33 34 AH 350 1180 - - - - 35 7 50 8 35 7 7 13 50 8 8 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 50 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 34 35 C 320 1080 - - - - 35 7 50 8 35 7 7 13 50 8 8 14 - - - - - - 35 7 10 50 8 11 - - 50 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa - - - - 50 7 70 8 50 7 7 13 70 8 8 14 - - - - - - 50 7 10 70 8 11 - - 70 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - 60-200 20 - - 60-200 16 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa - - - - 50 7 70 8 50 7 7 13 70 8 8 14 - - - - - - 50 7 10 70 8 11 - - 70 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - 60-200 20 - - 60-200 16 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa - - - - 50 7 70 8 50 7 7 13 70 8 8 14 - - - - - - 50 7 10 70 8 11 - - 70 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - 60-200 20 - - 60-200 16 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - 50 7 70 8 50 7 7 13 70 8 8 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 70 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - 60-200 20 - - 60-200 16 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa - - - - 50 7 70 8 50 7 7 13 70 8 8 14 - - - - - - 50 7 10 70 8 11 - - 70 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - 60-200 20 - - 60-200 16 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - - - 50 7 70 8 - - - - 70 8 8 14 - - - - - - - - - 70 8 11 - - 70 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - 60-200 20 - - 60-200 16 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC - - - - - - 80 8 - - - - 80 8 8 14 - - - - - - - - - 80 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - 80-120 20 - - - - - - 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 70 7 10 100 8 11 - - 100 3 5 9 - - - - - - 70-100 20 70-100 20 - - 70-100 16 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41 Feed Table ( f z ) (mm/tooth) Ø Feed # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 2 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.008 0.010 0.011 0.013 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.020 0.022 0.024 0.026 0.030 3 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.008 0.009 0.010 0.012 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.020 0.023 0.025 0.028 0.032 0.034 0.038 0.042 4 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.009 0.010 0.012 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.021 0.023 0.026 0.030 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.044 0.045 0.050 5 0.005 0.006 0.008 0.009 0.011 0.013 0.015 0.017 0.020 0.023 0.025 0.030 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.044 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.065 6 0.006 0.008 0.009 0.011 0.013 0.016 0.018 0.021 0.024 0.028 0.030 0.034 0.038 0.042 0.045 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.075 8 0.010 0.012 0.014 0.017 0.019 0.022 0.025 0.028 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.045 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.065 0.075 0.080 0.085 0.095 10 0.013 0.015 0.018 0.021 0.024 0.028 0.032 0.036 0.040 0.045 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.075 0.085 0.090 0.100 0.11 0.12 12 0.016 0.019 0.022 0.026 0.030 0.034 0.038 0.044 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.065 0.075 0.080 0.090 0.100 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 16 0.020 0.024 0.028 0.034 0.038 0.044 0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.080 0.085 0.095 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.16 0.17 0.18 20 0.022 0.028 0.032 0.038 0.044 0.050 0.060 0.065 0.075 0.085 0.095 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.19 0.21 0.23 25 0.025 0.032 0.038 0.045 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.080 0.090 0.10 0.12 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.20 0.22 0.24 0.26 0.29 Notes on Milling 1. Above values are guidelines for the size and type of cut nominated. 2. For long series tools, reduce speed by 40% and feed by 20%. Condition: A (Annealed), AH (Age Hardened), C (Cast), HT (Hardened & Tempered), QT (Quenched & Tempered) Bold = Optimal | Regular = Effective

14. 390 ISO VDI Material Group Sutton P A Steel N UNI M R Stainless Steel VA K F Cast Iron GG N N Non-Ferrous Metals, Aluminiums & Coppers AI W S S Titaniums & Super Alloys Ti Ni H H Hard Materials (≥ 45 HRC) H ^ VDI 3323 material groups can also be determined by referring to the workpiece material cross reference listing. Refer to main index of this section. Application Guide Speeds & Feeds - HSS Dr ills Notes on Drilling 1. Step feeding or pecking is required for drilling greater than 3 x Ø. 2. When drilling cast surface & black (ie.not machined surface), reduce drilling speed by 20%. 3. For optimal positional accuracy and hole size, the use of spot drills is recommended prior to drilling desired hole, refer to our standard range (D175). 4. For hole depths greater than 7 x Ø, pre-drill initially to pilot start for more accurate hole position and eliminate drill wandering. The pilot can be drilled with short rigid drill, approx. 3 x Ø in depth and reduced feed to ensure accurate pilot hole. LONG SERIES EXTRA LENGTH TAPER SHANK REDUCED SHANK NC SPOTTING COUNTERBORES & COUNTERSINKS Catalogue Code D113 D111 D170 D171 D197 D191 D194 D198 D192 D195 D199 D193 D196 D187 D115 D141 D140 D188 D175 D176 C107 C108 C105 C106 C100 Material HSS HSS Co HSS HSS Co HSS HSS Co HSS HSS HSS Co HSS HSS HSS Co HSS HSS HSS Co HSS Co HSS HSS Co Surface Finish Blu TiN Brt TiAlN Brt Ni+Blu TiAlN Brt Ni+Blu TiAlN Brt Ni+Blu TiAlN Brt Blu Colour Temp Blu Blu TiN Brt TiAlN Brt TiN Brt Sutton Designation N NH N NH N NH N NH N N Tough Mat N N N N UNI Machine Use N Geometry R30 R40 R40 R40 R30 R30 R30 90° 120° 90° - Drilling Depth ≤ 7xØ ≤ 10xØ ≤ 12xØ ≤ 14xØ ≤ 14xØ - ≤ 5xØ ≤ 8xØ ≤ 5xØ - - ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 16 5 19 5 25 5 30 5 21 5 21 5 25 5 16 5 16 5 20 5 16 5 16 5 20 5 16 5 32 5 38 5 32 5 32 5 35 4 35 4 36 3 44 3 25 3 31 3 30 3 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 13 5 15 5 13 5 16 5 11 5 11 5 13 5 8 5 8 5 10 5 8 5 8 5 10 5 8 5 32 5 38 5 32 5 32 5 25 4 25 4 30 3 36 3 21 3 25 3 30 3 2 3 QT 250 840 10 5 12 5 13 5 16 5 11 5 11 5 13 5 8 5 8 5 10 5 8 5 8 5 10 5 8 5 25 5 30 5 25 5 25 5 20 4 20 4 30 2 36 2 21 2 25 2 30 3 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 10 5 12 5 13 5 16 5 11 5 11 5 13 5 8 5 8 5 10 5 8 5 8 5 10 5 8 5 25 5 30 5 25 5 25 5 20 4 20 4 30 2 36 2 21 2 25 2 30 3 4 5 QT 300 1010 - - - - 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 10 4 8 4 15 4 18 4 15 4 15 4 15 3 15 3 14 1 16 1 - - 11 1 12 1 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 10 5 12 5 13 5 16 5 11 5 11 5 13 5 8 5 8 5 10 5 8 5 8 5 10 5 8 5 25 5 30 5 25 5 25 5 20 4 20 4 30 2 36 2 21 2 25 2 30 3 6 7 QT 275 930 10 4 12 4 13 4 16 4 11 4 11 4 13 4 8 4 8 4 10 4 8 4 8 4 10 4 8 4 25 4 30 4 25 4 25 4 15 4 15 4 18 2 22 2 12 2 15 2 15 2 7 8 QT 300 1010 - - - - 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 10 4 8 4 15 4 18 4 15 4 15 4 15 3 15 3 14 1 16 1 - - 11 1 12 1 8 9 QT 350 1180 - - - - - - 8 4 - - - - 8 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 1 - - - - 10 1 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 10 5 12 5 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 10 4 8 4 15 4 18 4 15 4 15 4 15 3 15 3 14 1 16 1 10 1 11 1 12 1 10 11 HT 325 1100 - - - - - - 8 4 - - - - 8 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 1 - - - - 10 1 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - - - - - 10 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - 10 2 10 2 10 1 12 1 - - - - 14 1 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 - - - - - - 8 4 - - - - 8 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - - - - - - - 12 3 12 3 - - 10 1 - - - - 10 1 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 7 4 5 4 8 4 10 4 8 4 8 4 10 4 8 4 8 4 10 4 8 4 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 12 4 8 4 8 4 10 3 10 3 12 2 14 2 - - 10 2 16 2 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 4 6 4 6 4 15 2 15 2 10 1 12 1 - - 8 1 12 1 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - - - - - - 10 4 8 4 8 4 10 4 8 4 8 4 10 4 8 4 8 4 10 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - 10 2 10 2 10 1 12 1 - - 8 1 14 1 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 16 6 7 6 16 6 19 6 12 6 12 6 15 6 10 6 10 6 12 6 10 6 10 6 12 6 10 6 32 5 38 5 32 5 32 5 30 5 30 5 24 2 28 2 17 2 20 2 25 2 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 13 5 6 5 13 5 16 5 - - 11 5 13 5 - - 8 5 10 5 - - 8 5 10 5 8 5 25 5 30 5 25 5 - - 20 4 20 4 24 2 28 2 17 2 20 2 16 2 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 13 6 7 6 13 6 16 6 11 6 11 6 13 6 8 6 8 6 10 6 8 6 8 6 10 6 8 6 20 5 25 5 20 5 20 5 20 4 20 4 20 2 25 2 15 2 15 2 20 2 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 13 6 7 6 13 6 16 6 - - 11 6 13 6 - - 8 6 10 6 - - 8 6 10 6 8 6 20 5 25 5 20 5 - - 20 4 20 4 20 2 25 2 15 2 15 2 20 2 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 13 6 7 6 13 6 16 6 11 6 11 6 13 6 8 6 8 6 10 6 8 6 8 6 10 6 8 6 20 5 25 5 20 5 20 5 20 4 20 4 20 2 25 2 15 2 15 2 20 2 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 13 6 7 6 13 6 16 6 - - 11 6 13 6 - - 8 6 10 6 - - 8 6 10 6 8 6 20 5 25 5 20 5 - - 20 4 20 4 20 2 25 2 15 2 15 2 20 2 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 20 5 - - 41 6 - - 26 6 26 6 - - 21 6 21 6 - - 21 6 21 6 - - 21 6 - - 96 6 - - 80 6 50 5 50 5 48 4 58 4 34 4 41 4 80 4 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 20 5 - - 41 6 - - 26 6 26 6 - - 21 6 21 6 - - 21 6 21 6 - - 21 6 - - 96 6 - - 80 6 50 5 50 5 48 4 58 4 34 4 41 4 80 4 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 - - 18 5 22 5 26 5 16 5 16 5 20 5 13 5 13 5 16 5 13 5 13 5 16 5 13 5 - - 72 5 - - 60 5 35 4 35 4 36 4 44 4 25 3 31 3 60 3 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 - - 18 5 22 5 26 5 16 5 16 5 20 5 13 5 13 5 16 5 13 5 13 5 16 5 13 5 - - 72 5 - - 60 5 35 4 35 4 36 4 44 4 25 3 31 3 60 3 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 - - - - - - 18 5 - - - - 18 5 - - - - 16 5 - - - - 16 5 - - - - - - - - - - 30 4 30 4 30 4 44 4 - - - - - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 - - 18 5 31 5 38 5 26 5 26 5 31 5 21 5 21 5 25 5 21 5 21 5 25 5 21 5 - - 30 6 - - 25 6 40 4 40 4 78 2 94 2 55 2 66 2 80 2 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 - - - - 22 5 26 5 16 5 16 5 20 5 13 5 13 5 16 5 13 5 13 5 16 5 13 5 - - 19 3 - - 16 3 30 4 30 4 48 2 58 2 34 2 40 2 - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 - - 18 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38 6 - - 32 6 50 4 50 4 60 2 72 2 42 2 50 2 80 2 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics - - - - - - 40 4 - - - - 40 4 - - - - 40 4 - - - - 40 4 - - - - - - - - - - 30 4 30 4 30 4 44 4 - - - - - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9 2 9 2 5 2 8 2 - - - - - - 31 S 32 AH 280 950 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 2 8 2 4 2 5 2 - - - - - - 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9 2 9 2 5 2 8 2 - - - - - - 33 34 AH 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 2 8 2 - - 5 2 - - - - - - 34 35 C 320 1080 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 2 - - - - - - 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 10 3 - - - - - - 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 2 8 2 7 3 9 3 - - - - - - 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 2 8 2 7 3 9 3 - - - - - - 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 2 - - - - - - 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 2 8 2 7 3 9 3 - - - - - - 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 2 - - - - - - 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 3 10 3 - - - - - - - - - - 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 13 5 6 5 13 5 16 5 - - 11 5 13 5 - - 8 5 10 5 - - 8 5 10 5 8 5 25 5 30 5 25 5 25 5 20 4 20 4 24 2 28 2 17 2 20 2 16 2 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41 Condition: A (Annealed), AH (Age Hardened), C (Cast), HT (Hardened & Tempered), QT (Quenched & Tempered) Bold = Optimal | Regular = Effective

3. 379 L100 L200 V2EN #2 164 499999803 L100 V2EN V2DK #2 164 • V2NL #2 164 499999798 L100 V2NL V2FI #2 164 • V2FR #2 164 499999797 L100 V2FR V2DE #2 164 499999797 L100 V2DE V2IT #2 164 L100 V2IT V2ES #2 164 499999795 L100 V2ES V2SE #2 164 499999799 L100 V2SE V1EN #1 248 499999803 L200 V1EN iso metric Cross recessed c’sink head drilling screws (self tapping thd.) according to ISO 15482 d p thread Size St 2.9 St 3.5 St 4.2 St 4.8 St 5.5 St 6.3 k max 1.7 2.35 2.6 2.8 3.0 3.15 d k max 5.5 7.3 8.4 9.3 10.3 11.3 m type h 3.2 4.4 4.6 5.2 6.6 6.8 type Z 3.2 4.3 4.6 5.1 6.5 6.8 1 2 2 2 3 3 Cross recessed raised c’sink hd. drilling scr. (self tapping thd) according to ISO 15483 d p thread Size St 2.9 St 3.5 St 4.2 St 4.8 St 5.5 St 6.3 k max 1.7 2.35 2.6 2.8 3.0 3.15 d k max 5.5 7.3 8.4 9.3 10.3 11.3 f ≈ 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.4 m type h 3.4 4.8 5.2 5.4 6.7 7.3 type Z 3.3 4.8 5.2 5.6 6.6 7.2 1 2 2 2 3 3 s m d hexagon nuts, style 1 - Grades A & B Grade A Sizes ≤ M16 Grade B Sizes > M16 according to ISO 4032 nut Size M1.6 M2 M2.5 M3 M3.5* M4 M5 M6 M8 M10 s max 3.2 4.0 5.0 5.5 6.0 7.0 8.0 10.0 13.0 16.0 m max 1.3 1.6 2.0 2.4 2.8 3.2 4.7 5.2 6.8 8.4 3.2 4 5 5.5 6 7 8 10 13 16 nut Size M12 M14* M16 M18* M20 M22* M24 M27* M30 M33* s max 18.0 21.0 24.0 27.0 30.0 34.0 36.0 41.0 46.0 50.0 m max 10.8 12.8 14.8 15.8 18.0 19.4 21.5 23.8 25.6 28.7 18 21 24 27 30 34 36 41 46 50 nut Size M36 M39* M42 M45* M48 M52* M56 M60* M64 s max 55.0 60.0 65.0 70.0 75.0 80.0 85.0 90.0 95.0 m max 31.0 33.4 34.0 36.0 38.0 42.0 45.0 48.0 51.0 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 * non-preferred threads Fastener Black Book www.fbb-usa.com 147 INCH asMe B18.21.1 : Countersunk external tooth lock washers asMe B18.21.1 : Internal-external tooth lock washers asTM F436 : Circular and clipped circular washers asTM F436 : Beveled washers asMe B18.8.1 : Clevis pins asMe B18.8.1 : Cotter pins asMe B18.8.2 : Taper pins asMe B18.8.2 : Dowel pins asMe B18.8.2 : Hardened ground machine dowel pins asMe B18.8.2 : Hardened ground production dowel pins asMe B18.8.2 : Unhardened ground dowel pins asMe B18.8.2 : Chamfered and square end straight pins asMe B18.8.2 : Grooved pins Type A asMe B18.8.2 : grooved pins Type E asMe B18.8.2 : Grooved pins Type F asMe B18.8.2 : Grooved pins Type G asMe B18.8.2 : Grooved pins Type H asMe B18.8.2 : Round head grooved drive studs asMe B18.8.2 : Slotted type spring pins asMe B18.8.2 : Coiled-type spring pins Fastener Black Book www.fbb-usa.com 94 INCH IFI-123 / *IFI-553 : 78° Countersunk head drive pin blind rivets IFI-126 / *IFI-509 : Regular Dome head style break mandrel closed end blind rivets IFI-126 / *IFI-509 : 120° Countersunk head style break mandrel closed end blind rivets IFI-130 / *IFI-530 : Regular head structural splitting self- plugging pull mandrel blind rivets IFI-130 / *IFI-530 : Large head structural splitting self-plugging pull mandrel blind rivets IFI-130 / *IFI-530 : 100° Countersunk head structural splitting self-plugging pull mandrel blind rivets IFI-134 / *IFI-552 : Regular Dome multi-grip head flush break pull mandrel self-plugin blind rivets IFI-134 / *IFI-552 : Large Flange multi-grip head flush break pull mandrel self-plugin blind rivets IFI-134 / *IFI-552 : 100° Countersunk multi-grip head flush break pull mandrel self-plugin blind rivets WasHers anD PIns asMe B18.22.1 : Preferred sizes of type A plain washers asMe B18.22.1 : Additional selected sizes of type A plain washers asMe B18.22.1 : Type B plain washers asMe B18.21.1 : Regular helical spring lock washers asMe B18.21.1 : Heavy helical spring lock washers asMe B18.21.1 : Extra-duty helical spring lock washers asMe B18.21.1 : High-collar helical spring lock washers asMe B18.21.1 : Internal tooth lock washers asMe B18.21.1 : Heavy internal tooth lock washers asMe B18.21.1 : External tooth lock washers * denotes IFI Metric equivalent Fastener Black Book www.fbb-usa.com 93 INCH asMe B18.7 : Truss head semi-tubular rivets asMe B18.7 : 150 ° flat countersunk head semi-tubular rivets asMe B18.7 : 120 ° flat countersunk head semi-tubular rivets (General purpose) asMe B18.7 : Full tubular rivets asMe B18.7 : Oval head split rivets asMe B18.7 : Flat countersunk head split rivets asMe B18.7 : Rivet caps IFI-114 / *IFI-505 : Regular Dome head style break mandrel rivets IFI-114 / *IFI-505 : Large Flange head style break mandrel rivets IFI-114 / *IFI-505 : 100° Countersunk head style break mandrel rivets IFI-114 / *IFI-505 : 120° Countersunk head style break mandrel rivets IFI-117 / *IFI-520 : Regular Dome head pull through mandrel blind rivets IFI-117 / *IFI-520 : Large Flange head pull through mandrel blind rivets IFI-117 / *IFI-520 : 100° Countersunk head pull through mandrel blind rivets IFI-119 / *IFI-551 : Regular Dome head style structural flush break pull mandrel self-plugging blind rivets IFI-119 / *IFI-551 : Large Flange head style structural flush break pull mandrel self-plugging blind rivets IFI-119 / *IFI-551 : 100° Countersunk head style structural flush break pull mandrel self-plugging blind rivets IFI-119 / *IFI-551 : 120° Countersunk head style structural flush break pull mandrel self-plugging blind rivets IFI-123 / *IFI-553 : Dome head drive pin blind rivets IFI-123 / *IFI-553 : 100° Countersunk head drive pin blind rivets * denotes IFI Metric equivalent Fastener Black Book www.fbb-usa.com 92 gEn ERA l COMMOn MaCHIne sCreW HeaDs Binding Head Brazier Head Button Head Cheese Head Cup Head Fillister Head Flat Head Trim Flat Head Oval Head Trim Oval Head round Head socket Head spline Head square Head T Head external Torx Flange Head Fillister Head (Flat Top) Pan Washer Head Pan Head (Full Contour) Pan Head (Flat Top) round Washer Hd. (Flat Top) round Washer Hd. (Full Contour) Undercut Oval Head Truss Head (Full Contour) Truss Head (Flat Top) acorn Hex Washer Head Hex Flange Head Indented Hex Head slotted Hex Washer Head Trimmed Hex Head Wafer Head Weld stud (Type U3) Weld stud (Type T3) Weld stud (Type TD) Weld stud (Type Us3) COMMOn sel F-T aPPInG sCreW HeaDs Hexagon Head Wafer Head Oval Head Pan Head Pancake Head Hexagon Washer Head Flat Countersink Head Flat Truss Head Modified Truss Head Bugle Head Fastener Black Book www.fbb-usa.com 25 7 C 1 E 2 R 3 2020 4 K 5 16 6 7 1 3 2 4 5 D — 60 F — 80 H — 100 K — 125 L — 140 M — 150 P — 170 R — 200 S — 250 T — 300 U — 350 V — 400 6 L (mm) d (mm) - ic 06 3.97 08 4.76 11 6.35 16 9.525 22 12.70 27 15.875 C 1 N 2 R 3 0020 4 P 5 16 6 7 136 Engineers Black Book - 2nd Edition TUNGSTEN CARBIDE TOOLHOLDER IDENTIFICATION ( THREADING) No. of Teeth / Chip Breaker Optional : To Manufacturer’s Discretion Clamping Insert Clamping System C - Clamp System S - Screw System Version Application External / Internal E - External Threading N - Internal Threading NOTE : Some manufacturers use “ I “ to denote Internal. Shank Size Shank - h x b Example 2020 = 20 x 20 mm Shank - Diameter d Example 0020 = 20 mm diameter. Tool Length Symbol Length (mm) Insert Size External Threading Toolholder Internal Threading Bar R Right Hand L Left Hand Internal Toolholder External Toolholder 1.5 mm 3.0 mm 4.0 mm 5.0 mm 6.0 mm 8.0 mm 10.0 mm 12.0 mm 75-80 15920 7960 5970 4770 3980 2980 2390 1990 0.025 0.075 0.10 0.15 0.18 0.21 0.25 0.390 75 15920 7960 5970 4770 3980 2980 2390 1990 0.015 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.075 0.08 0.09 0.10 45 9550 4770 3580 2930 2860 1790 1430 1190 0.015 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.075 0.08 0.09 0.10 76-81 16130 8060 6050 4840 4030 3020 2420 2020 0.025 0.075 0.10 0.12 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30 46-51 9760 4880 3660 2930 2440 1830 1460 1220 0.013 0.05 0.06 0.08 0.10 0.13 0.15 0.18 46-51 9760 4880 3660 2930 2440 1830 1460 1220 0.025 0.05 0.07 0.09 0.10 0.11 0.12 0.13 30-35 6370 3180 2390 1910 1590 1190 950 800 0.025 0.05 0.06 0.08 0.10 0.13 0.15 0.18 69-74 14640 7320 5490 4390 3660 2750 2200 1830 0.025 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.075 0.09 0.012 0.015 26-31 5520 2760 2070 1660 1380 1030 830 690 0.013 0.018 0.02 0.02 0.025 0.025 0.025 0.025 15-20 3180 1590 1190 950 800 600 480 400 0.025 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.075 0.09 0.012 0.15 30-35 6370 3180 2390 1910 1590 1190 950 800 0.025 0.075 0.09 0.10 0.13 0.15 0.18 0.20 23-28 4880 2440 1830 1460 1220 920 730 610 0.013 0.05 0.07 0.09 0.10 0.12 0.13 0.15 44 Engineers Black Book - 2nd Edition SPEEDS AND FEEDS FOR StANDARD SOliD CARBiDE DRillS types of Solid Carbide Drills Straight Flute Drill Strong construction with 140° drill point angle suitable for hardened & difficult to machine materials. Hole depth should not exceed 2 x dia. Slow Spiral Drill - 15°-20° Designed to drill hardened and gummy materials and High-temperature Alloys. Also recommended for Stainless Steel, Tool Steel & Titanium-Nickel Alloys. Twist Drill - 25°-30° 2 & 3 Flute general purpose drill ideal for low-tensile & non- ferrous materials such as high Si Aluminium, Bronze, Masonite & Resin/ Fibreglass Laminates. NOTE : To enhance Hole Quality and Tool Life, the use of copious quantity of coolant is recommended, particularly directed at the drill point to prevent chipping or flaking of the Carbide cutting edge. rpm feed rpm feed rpm feed rpm feed rpm feed rpm feed rpm feed rpm feed rpm feed rpm feed rpm feed rpm feed M3 3.4 6.0 3.4 3.4 6.7 M4 4.5 8.0 4.6 4.5 9.0 M5 5.5 10.0 5.7 5.5 11.2 M6 6.6 11.0 6.8 6.6 13.4 M8 9.0 15.0 9.0 9.0 17.9 M10 11.0 18.0 11.0 11.0 22.4 M12 14.0 20.0 13.0 14.0 26.9 M14 16.0 23.0 15.2 16.0 30.3 M16 18.0 26.0 17.5 18.0 33.6 M18 20.0 29.0 19.5 20.0 37.0 M20 22.0 32.0 21.5 22.0 40.3 M22 24.0 35.0 23.5 M24 26.0 40.0 25.5 M27 30.0 43.0 29.0 M30 33.0 48.0 32.0 No. 4 # 29 7/32” 0.125” # 29 0.255” No. 5 # 23 1/4” 0.140” # 23 0.281” No. 6 # 18 9/32” 0.160” # 18 0.307” No. 8 # 10 5/16” 0.185” # 10 0.359” No. 10 # 2 3/8” 0.215” # 2 0.411” 1/4” 9/32” 7/16” 0.280” 9/32” 0.531” 5/16” 11/32” 17/32” 0.350” 11/32” 0.656” 3/8” 13/32” 5/8” 0.415” 13/32” 0.781” 7/16” 15/32” 23/32” 0.475” 15/32” 0.844” 1/2” 17/32” 13/16” 0.540” 17/32” 0.938” 5/8” 21/32” 1” 0.675” 21/32” 1.188” 3/4” 25/32” 1 3/16” 0.810” 25/32” 1.438” 7/8” 29/32” 1 3/8” 0.930” 1” 1 1/32” 1 5/8” 1.050” 1 1/4” 1 5/16” 2” 1.310” 38 Engineers Black Book - 2nd Edition DIMENSIONS OF COUNTERBORING / COUNTERSINKING FOR SOCKET HEAD CAP SCREWS Counter Bore Counter Sink Counterbore Socket Head Cap Screw Countersink Socket Head Cap Screw Nominal Thread Size Clearance For Thread ‘C’ Clearance For Head ‘D’ Depth ‘H’ Clearance For Thread ‘C’ Diameter of Countersink ‘D’ METRIC Dimensions in mm INCH Dimensions in inches *NOTE: Metric a =90 ̊ Inch a =82 ̊ 16 Engineers Black Book - 2nd Edition COMMON THREAD FORMS USED IN THE ENGINEERING INDUSTRY API : TAPER 1:16 (ROUNDED) Use : Oil Industry API BUTTRESS Use : Oil industry for casing Pipe size : 16” and larger BSB (BRITISH STANDARD BRASS - 26 TPI) Use : Brass fittings and pipe couplings API BUTTRESS Use : Oil industry for casing Pipe size : 4 1/2” to 13-3/8” B.A. (BRITISH ASSOCIATION) Use : Fine - mechanical industry especially electrical utility, electronics. BSCy (BRITISH STANDARD CYCLE) Use : Bicycle industry BOLT NUT axis of screw TAPER 1:16 axis of screw BOLT NUT BOLT NUT axis of screw Parallel to taper BOLT NUT BOLT NUT BOLT NUT .0039 .10 .0232 .590 .0430 1.092 57 .0059 .150 97 .0236 .60 .0433 1.100 .0063 .160 96 .0240 .610 73 .0453 1.150 .0067 .170 95 .0244 .620 .0465 1.181 56 .0071 .180 94 .0248 .630 3/64 .0469 1.191 .0075 .190 93 .0250 .635 72 .0472 1.200 1/128 .0078 .198 .0252 .640 .0492 1.250 .0079 .20 92 .0256 .650 .0512 1.300 .0083 .210 91 .0260 .660 71 .0520 1.321 55 .0087 .220 90 .0264 .670 .0531 1.350 .0091 .230 89 .0268 .680 .0550 1.397 54 .0094 .240 88 .0272 .690 .0551 1.400 .0098 .250 .0276 .70 .0571 1.450 .0100 .254 87 .0279 .710 .0591 1.500 .0102 .260 .0280 .711 70 .0595 1.511 53 .0106 .270 86 .0283 .720 .0610 1.550 .0110 .280 85 .0287 .730 1/16 .0625 1.588 .0114 .290 84 .0291 .740 .0630 1.600 .0118 .30 .0292 .742 69 .0635 1.613 52 .0120 .305 83 .0295 .750 .0650 1.650 .0122 .310 .0299 .760 .0669 1.700 .0125 .317 82 .0303 .770 .0670 1.702 51 .0126 .320 .0307 .780 .0689 1.750 .0130 .330 81 .0310 .787 68 .0700 1.778 50 .0134 .340 .0311 .790 .0709 1.800 .0135 .343 80 1/32 .0313 .794 .0728 1.850 .0138 .350 .0315 .80 .0730 1.854 49 .0142 .360 .0319 .810 .0748 1.900 .0145 .368 79 .0320 .813 67 .0760 1.930 48 .0146 .370 .0323 .820 .0768 1.950 .0150 .380 .0327 .830 5/64 .0781 1.984 .0154 .390 .0330 .838 66 .0785 1.994 47 1/64 .0156 .397 .0331 .840 .0787 2.00 .0157 .40 .0335 .850 .0807 2.050 .0160 .406 78 .0339 .860 .0810 2.057 46 .0161 .410 .0343 .870 .0820 2.083 45 .0165 .420 .0346 .880 .0827 2.100 .0169 .430 .0350 .889 65 .0846 2.150 .0173 .440 .0350 .890 .0860 2.184 44 .0177 .450 .0354 .90 .0866 2.200 .0180 .457 77 .0358 .910 .0886 2.250 .0181 .460 .0360 .914 64 .0890 2.261 43 .0185 .470 .0362 .920 .0906 2.300 .0189 .480 .0366 .930 .0925 2.350 .0193 .490 .0370 .940 63 .0935 2.375 42 .0197 .50 .0374 .950 3/32 .0937 2.381 .0200 .508 76 .0378 .960 .0945 2.400 .0201 .510 .0380 .965 62 .0960 2.438 41 .0205 .520 .0382 .970 .0965 2.450 .0209 .530 .0386 .980 .0980 2.489 40 .0210 .533 75 .0390 .990 .0984 2.500 .0213 .540 .0390 .991 61 .0995 2.527 39 .0217 .550 .0394 1.00 .1004 2.550 .0220 .560 .0400 1.016 60 .1015 2.578 38 .0224 .570 .0410 1.041 59 .1024 2.600 .0225 .572 74 .0413 1.050 .1040 2.642 37 .0228 .580 .0420 1.067 58 .1043 2.650 6 Engineers Black Book - 2nd Edition DRILL SIZE & DECIMAL EQUIVALENT CHART Fract. (inch) (mm) Gauge Fract. (inch) (mm) Gauge Fract. (inch) (mm) Gauge Literature Black Books Discount Group Z0502 Z0502 Size Ref. Description Edition Pages Language Merchandiser Item # Item # The ultimate reference book: - Matt laminated grease proof pages - Wire bound to stay flat on workbench when reading - Ideal for engineers, trades people, apprentices, machine shops, tool rooms, technical colleges Engineers Black Book • Tables • Standards • Illustrations • Grinding wheels • Conversion factors • Tapers • Lubricants-coolants • Spur gear calculations • Hardening & tempering • G Codes • Geometrical construction • Formulae • Engineering drawing standards • Plastics • Tolerances • Bolts & nuts • Tungsten carbide • Keys & keyways • Weights of metal • Tapping drill sizes • Speeds & feeds • Equivalent charts • Sharpening information Fastener Black Book • Screw thread fundamentals • Standards • Thread classes • Thread terminology • Grades • Heat treatment • Materials & coatings • Failures & corrosion • Fastener strengths & markings • Tolerances • Material selection • Hydrogen embrittlement • Screw thread profiles • Torque control • Galling • Dimensional Specifications DIN / ISO / ANSI • Platings • Elevated temperature effects 499999803 - Merchandiser (books sold separately) BONUS: Thread pitch identification gauge • Available on request. Subject to lead time. BONUS: Drill point sharpening gauge Engineers Black Book English Engineers Black Book Danish Engineers Black Book Dutch Engineers Black Book Finnish Engineers Black Book French Engineers Black Book German Engineers Black Book Italian Engineers Black Book Spanish Engineers Black Book Swedish Fastener Black Book English Literature

23. 399 Ø = nominal tool diameter (inch) n = Spindel speed (RPM) v c = Cutting speed (SFM) f z = Feed rate per tooth (inch/tooth) v f = Feed rate (inch/min) z = No. cutting edges Q = Metal removal rate (in 3 /min) a p = Cutting depth (inch) a e = Cutting width (inch) n = v c × 12 v c x 3.82 Ø × π Ø v c = n x Ø × π n x Ø 12 3.82 f z = V f v f = f z x z x n z x n Q = a p x a e × v f 1000 IMPERIAL ENDMILLS (inch size) Ø = nominal tool diameter (mm) n = Spindel speed (RPM) v c = Cutting speed (m/min) f z = Feed rate per tooth (mm/tooth) v f = Feed rate (mm/min) z = No. cutting edges Q = Metal removal rate (cm 3 /min) a p = Cutting depth (mm) a e = Cutting width (mm) n = v c × 1000 v c x 318 Ø × π Ø v c = n x Ø × π n x Ø 1000 318 f z = V f v f = f z x z x n z x n Q = a p x a e × v f 1000 METRIC ENDMILLS (mm size) Catalogue Code E600 E603 E504 E506 E513 E515 E601 E604 E529 E531 E547 E450 E602 E605 E551 E553 E555 E607 E557 Material VHM VHM VHM-ULTRA VHM VHM-ULTRA Surface Finish Brt TiAlN Brt TiAlN Brt TiAlN Brt TiAlN Brt TiAlN Brt TiAlN Brt TiAlN AlCrN TiAlN AlCrN Sutton Designation N N WN N Type of Cut: Slotting • • • • • • • Finishing Universal • • • • • • • Roughing • • • • • • • • Profiling • • • • • • • ap × Ø 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.5 1.5 1.5 0.5 1.5 1.5 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.5 0.75 1.0 1.0 0.025 0.025 0.025 0.025 0.025 0.025 0.025 ae × Ø 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.5 1.0 0.4 0.4 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Feed # Vc Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 100 7 144 8 125 7 180 8 125 7 7 13 180 8 8 14 100 7 10 144 8 11 125 7 10 180 8 11 180 12 180 3 5 9 80-140 19 110-200 20 100-175 19 140-250 20 140-250 20 140-250 16 140-250 16 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 100 7 144 8 125 7 180 8 125 7 7 13 180 8 8 14 100 7 10 144 8 11 125 7 10 180 8 11 180 12 180 3 5 9 80-140 19 110-200 20 100-175 19 140-250 20 140-250 20 140-250 16 140-250 16 2 3 QT 250 840 56 7 80 8 70 7 100 8 70 7 7 13 100 8 8 14 56 7 10 80 8 11 70 7 10 100 8 11 100 12 100 3 5 9 45-100 19 60-145 20 55-125 19 75-180 20 75-180 20 75-180 16 75-180 16 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 56 7 80 8 70 7 100 8 70 7 7 13 100 8 8 14 56 7 10 80 8 11 70 7 10 100 8 11 100 12 100 3 5 9 45-100 19 60-145 20 55-125 19 75-180 20 75-180 20 75-180 16 75-180 16 4 5 QT 300 1010 - - 80 8 70 7 100 8 70 7 7 13 100 8 8 14 - - - 80 8 11 70 7 10 100 8 11 100 10 100 3 5 9 - - 60-145 20 55-125 19 75-180 20 75-180 20 75-180 16 75-180 16 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 100 7 144 8 125 7 180 8 125 7 7 13 180 8 8 14 100 7 10 144 8 11 125 7 10 180 8 11 180 12 180 3 5 9 80-140 19 110-200 20 100-175 19 140-250 20 140-250 20 140-250 16 140-250 16 6 7 QT 275 930 56 7 80 8 70 7 100 8 70 7 7 13 100 8 8 14 56 7 10 80 8 11 70 7 10 100 8 11 100 12 100 3 5 9 45-100 19 60-145 20 55-125 19 75-180 20 75-180 20 75-180 16 75-180 16 7 8 QT 300 1010 - - 80 8 70 7 100 8 70 7 7 13 100 8 8 14 - - - 80 8 11 70 7 10 100 8 11 100 10 100 3 5 9 - - 60-145 20 55-125 19 75-180 20 75-180 20 75-180 16 75-180 16 8 9 QT 350 1180 - - 64 8 - - 80 8 - - - - 80 8 8 14 - - - 64 8 11 - - - 80 8 11 - - - - - - - - 45-95 20 40-85 19 60-120 20 60-120 20 60-120 16 60-120 16 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 56 7 80 8 70 7 100 8 70 7 7 13 100 8 8 14 56 7 10 80 8 11 70 7 10 100 8 11 100 10 100 3 5 9 45-100 19 60-145 20 55-125 19 75-180 20 75-180 20 75-180 16 75-180 16 10 11 HT 325 1100 - - 64 8 - - 80 8 - - - - 80 8 8 14 - - - 64 8 11 - - - 80 8 11 - - - - - - - - 45-95 20 40-85 19 60-120 20 60-120 20 60-120 16 60-120 16 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - - - - - 90 8 65 7 7 13 90 8 8 14 - - - - - - 65 7 10 90 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - 50-75 19 70-110 20 70-110 20 - - 70-110 16 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 - - - - - - 80 8 55 7 7 13 80 8 8 14 - - - - - - 55 7 10 80 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - 40-70 19 60-100 20 60-100 20 - - 60-100 16 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 52 7 72 8 65 7 90 8 65 7 7 13 90 8 8 14 52 7 10 72 8 11 65 7 10 90 8 11 - - - - - - 40-60 19 55-90 20 50-75 19 70-110 20 70-110 20 70-110 16 70-110 16 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 52 7 - - 65 7 - - 65 7 7 13 90 8 8 14 52 7 10 72 8 11 65 7 10 90 8 11 - - - - - - 40-60 19 55-90 20 50-75 19 70-110 20 70-110 20 70-110 16 70-110 16 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - - - - 55 7 - - 55 7 7 13 80 8 8 14 - - - - - - 55 7 10 80 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - 40-70 19 60-100 20 60-100 20 - - 60-100 16 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 80 7 112 8 100 7 140 8 100 7 7 13 140 8 8 14 80 7 10 112 8 11 100 7 10 140 8 11 140 10 140 3 5 9 70-100 19 95-145 20 85-125 19 120-180 20 120-180 20 120-180 16 120-180 16 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 80 7 112 8 100 7 140 8 100 7 7 13 140 8 8 14 80 7 10 112 8 11 100 7 10 140 8 11 140 10 140 3 5 9 70-100 19 95-145 20 85-125 19 120-180 20 120-180 20 120-180 16 120-180 16 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 80 7 112 8 100 7 140 8 100 7 7 13 140 8 8 14 80 7 10 112 8 11 100 7 10 140 8 11 140 10 140 3 5 9 70-100 19 95-145 20 85-125 19 120-180 20 120-180 20 120-180 16 120-180 16 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 80 7 112 8 100 7 140 8 100 7 7 13 140 8 8 14 80 7 10 112 8 11 100 7 10 140 8 11 140 10 140 3 5 9 70-100 19 95-145 20 85-125 19 120-180 20 120-180 20 120-180 16 120-180 16 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 56 7 80 8 70 7 100 8 70 7 7 13 100 8 8 14 56 7 10 80 8 11 70 7 10 100 8 11 100 10 100 3 5 9 55-80 19 80-110 20 70-100 19 100-140 20 100-140 20 100-140 16 100-140 16 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 56 7 80 8 70 7 100 8 70 7 7 13 100 8 8 14 56 7 10 80 8 11 70 7 10 100 8 11 100 10 100 3 5 9 55-80 19 80-110 20 70-100 19 100-140 20 100-140 20 100-140 16 100-140 16 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 300 16 - - - - - - - - - - 150-450 20 150-450 20 150-450 16 150-450 16 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 300 16 - - - - - - - - - - 150-450 20 150-450 20 150-450 16 150-450 16 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 300 16 - - - - - - - - - - 150-450 20 150-450 20 150-450 16 150-450 16 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 300 16 - - - - - - - - - - 150-450 20 150-450 20 150-450 16 150-450 16 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 300 16 - - - - - - - - - - 150-450 20 150-450 20 150-450 16 150-450 16 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 120-350 20 120-350 20 120-350 16 120-350 16 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 120-350 20 120-350 20 120-350 16 120-350 16 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 120-350 20 120-350 20 120-350 16 120-350 16 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - - - 35 7 50 8 35 7 7 13 50 8 8 14 - - - - - - 35 7 10 50 8 11 - - 50 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - 40-90 20 - - 40-90 16 31 S 32 AH 280 950 - - - - 35 7 50 8 35 7 7 13 50 8 8 14 - - - - - - 35 7 10 50 8 11 - - 50 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - - - 35 7 50 8 35 7 7 13 50 8 8 14 - - - - - - 35 7 10 50 8 11 - - 50 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - 40-90 20 - - 40-90 16 33 34 AH 350 1180 - - - - 35 7 50 8 35 7 7 13 50 8 8 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 50 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 34 35 C 320 1080 - - - - 35 7 50 8 35 7 7 13 50 8 8 14 - - - - - - 35 7 10 50 8 11 - - 50 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa - - - - 50 7 70 8 50 7 7 13 70 8 8 14 - - - - - - 50 7 10 70 8 11 - - 70 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - 60-200 20 - - 60-200 16 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa - - - - 50 7 70 8 50 7 7 13 70 8 8 14 - - - - - - 50 7 10 70 8 11 - - 70 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - 60-200 20 - - 60-200 16 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa - - - - 50 7 70 8 50 7 7 13 70 8 8 14 - - - - - - 50 7 10 70 8 11 - - 70 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - 60-200 20 - - 60-200 16 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - 50 7 70 8 50 7 7 13 70 8 8 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 70 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - 60-200 20 - - 60-200 16 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa - - - - 50 7 70 8 50 7 7 13 70 8 8 14 - - - - - - 50 7 10 70 8 11 - - 70 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - 60-200 20 - - 60-200 16 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - - - 50 7 70 8 - - - - 70 8 8 14 - - - - - - - - - 70 8 11 - - 70 3 5 9 - - - - - - - - 60-200 20 - - 60-200 16 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC - - - - - - 80 8 - - - - 80 8 8 14 - - - - - - - - - 80 8 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - 80-120 20 - - - - - - 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 70 7 10 100 8 11 - - 100 3 5 9 - - - - - - 70-100 20 70-100 20 - - 70-100 16 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41

13. 389 Ø 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 2.0 0.020 0.025 0.030 0.040 0.050 0.060 0.075 0.095 0.120 0.15 3.0 0.030 0.035 0.045 0.055 0.070 0.090 0.110 0.135 0.17 0.21 4.0 0.040 0.045 0.060 0.075 0.090 0.115 0.140 0.18 0.22 0.27 5.0 0.045 0.055 0.070 0.090 0.110 0.135 0.17 0.21 0.26 0.32 6.0 0.055 0.065 0.080 0.100 0.125 0.16 0.19 0.24 0.30 0.37 8.0 0.070 0.085 0.105 0.130 0.16 0.20 0.25 0.31 0.38 0.47 10.0 0.085 0.105 0.125 0.16 0.19 0.24 0.30 0.37 0.46 0.56 12.0 0.095 0.120 0.15 0.18 0.23 0.28 0.34 0.42 0.52 0.64 16.0 0.125 0.15 0.19 0.23 0.29 0.36 0.44 0.54 0.66 0.82 20.0 0.15 0.18 0.23 0.28 0.34 0.42 0.52 0.64 0.80 0.98 25.0 0.18 0.22 0.27 0.33 0.41 0.50 0.60 0.74 0.90 1.10 32.0 0.23 0.27 0.33 0.41 0.50 0.60 0.74 0.88 1.10 1.30 38.0 0.26 0.32 0.38 0.46 0.56 0.68 0.82 1.00 1.20 1.45 45.0 0.30 0.36 0.43 0.52 0.64 0.76 0.92 1.10 1.35 1.60 52.0 0.33 0.40 0.48 0.58 0.70 0.84 1.00 1.20 1.45 1.75 63.0 0.39 0.47 0.56 0.67 0.80 0.96 1.14 1.35 1.65 1.95 Feed Table (f) (mm/rev) Feed # STUB JOBBER Catalogue Code D186 D146 D151 D190 D177 D155 D153 D156 D101 D102 D103 D179 D109 D158 D163 D200 D165 D168 D182 D180 D169 Material HSS HSS Co SPM HSS Co SPM HSS HSS Co SPM HSS Co HSS HSS Co Surface Finish Blu Brt TiAlN Brt TiAlN TiAlN Brt Blu TiN TiAlN Tip Colour Tempered Brt TiAlN Brt TiAlN TiAlN Tip TiAlN Sutton Designation N NH WN UNI VA H N Hard Materials NH WN UNI NH VA VA Geometry R30 R40 R35 R40 R25 R30 R25 R40 R40 - IK R40 Drilling Depth ≤ 3xØ ≤ 5xØ ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 25 5 20 5 40 6 23 4 35 4 65 6 64 6 - - 12 5 20 5 24 5 24 5 - - 20 5 24 5 20 4 29 4 60 7 65 7 20 4 58 6 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 20 5 17 5 30 6 20 4 30 4 55 6 64 6 - - 10 5 16 5 20 5 20 5 - - 17 5 20 5 18 4 25 4 45 7 55 7 16 4 58 6 2 3 QT 250 840 15 4 12 5 30 6 20 4 30 4 50 6 62 5 40 6 8 5 12 5 18 5 18 5 15 5 12 5 20 5 18 4 25 4 45 7 50 7 12 4 58 5 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 15 4 12 5 30 6 20 4 30 4 50 6 62 5 40 6 8 5 12 5 18 5 18 5 15 5 12 5 20 5 18 4 25 4 45 7 50 7 12 4 58 5 4 5 QT 300 1010 10 4 10 4 15 4 - - 12 4 25 6 - - 30 5 - - 10 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 10 4 12 4 - - 10 4 20 6 25 5 - - - - 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 15 4 12 5 30 6 20 4 30 4 50 6 62 5 - - 8 5 12 5 18 5 18 5 - - 12 5 20 5 18 4 25 4 45 7 50 7 12 4 58 5 6 7 QT 275 930 15 4 12 4 20 5 8 4 20 4 35 6 30 4 35 5 8 4 12 4 18 4 18 4 15 4 12 4 20 4 7 4 20 4 30 7 40 7 12 4 25 5 7 8 QT 300 1010 10 4 10 4 15 4 - - 12 4 25 6 - - 30 5 - - 10 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 10 4 12 4 - - 10 4 20 6 25 5 - - - - 8 9 QT 350 1180 - - - - 12 4 - - - - 15 5 - - 10 4 - - 8 3 10 3 10 3 10 4 - - 10 4 - - - - 12 6 15 5 - - - - 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 10 4 10 4 15 4 - - 12 4 25 6 - - 30 5 8 5 10 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 10 4 12 4 - - 10 4 20 6 25 5 - - - - 10 11 HT 325 1100 - - - - 12 4 - - - - 15 5 - - 10 4 - - 8 3 10 3 10 3 10 4 - - 10 4 - - - - 12 6 15 5 - - - - 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - 11 4 20 4 - - - - 14 4 12 4 - - - - - - 10 3 10 3 - - - - 12 4 - - - - 10 3 14 3 7 4 12 5 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 - - 8 4 12 4 - - - - 15 5 12 5 10 4 - - 8 3 10 3 10 3 - - - - 10 4 - - - - 12 6 15 5 7 4 12 5 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 10 4 10 4 20 5 10 3 15 3 16 5 30 5 - - - - 8 4 10 4 10 4 10 4 10 4 12 4 8 3 12 3 10 4 16 4 12 4 25 5 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 8 4 7 4 15 5 - - 10 4 12 5 20 5 - - - - 6 4 8 4 8 4 8 4 - - - - - - 10 4 8 4 12 4 10 4 14 5 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - - 11 4 20 4 - - 15 4 14 4 12 4 20 4 - - - - - - 10 3 - - - - 12 4 - - - - 10 3 14 3 7 3 12 4 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 25 6 20 6 30 6 - - - - 44 6 - - 40 6 12 6 20 6 25 6 25 6 25 6 20 6 24 6 - - - - 40 6 40 6 - - - - 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 20 5 15 5 25 6 - - - - 39 6 - - 35 6 - - 16 5 20 5 20 5 20 5 20 5 20 5 - - - - 35 6 35 6 - - - - 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 20 6 18 6 25 6 - - - - 44 5 - - 30 5 12 6 16 6 18 6 18 6 20 6 20 6 20 6 - - - - 40 5 40 5 - - - - 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 20 6 18 6 25 6 - - - - 44 5 - - 30 5 - - 16 6 18 6 18 6 20 6 20 6 20 6 - - - - 40 5 40 5 - - - - 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 20 6 18 6 25 6 - - - - 44 5 - - 30 5 - - 16 6 18 6 18 6 20 6 20 6 20 6 - - - - 40 5 40 5 - - - - 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 20 6 18 6 25 6 - - - - 44 5 - - 30 5 - - 16 6 18 6 18 6 20 6 20 6 20 6 - - - - 40 5 40 5 - - - - 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 40 6 42 6 - - 50 6 60 6 88 5 112 6 - - 25 5 30 6 - - - - - - 48 6 - - 36 6 48 6 80 5 60 6 50 6 112 8 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 40 6 42 6 - - 50 6 60 6 88 5 112 6 - - 25 5 30 6 - - - - - - 48 6 - - 36 6 48 6 80 5 60 6 50 6 112 8 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 - - 28 5 40 5 30 5 40 5 53 5 70 7 - - 18 4 - - 30 4 30 4 - - 32 5 32 5 24 5 32 5 48 5 40 5 40 5 70 6 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 - - 28 5 40 5 30 5 40 5 53 5 70 7 - - 18 4 - - 30 4 30 4 - - 32 5 32 5 24 5 32 5 48 5 40 5 40 5 70 6 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 - - - - 30 7 25 8 30 8 - - - - - - 12 6 - - 20 6 20 6 - - - - 25 6 20 7 25 7 30 6 40 5 30 5 - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 - - 25 5 60 5 40 5 50 5 39 4 50 5 - - 20 4 - - 30 4 30 4 - - 48 5 48 5 36 5 48 5 35 4 50 5 50 5 40 5 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 - - 28 5 40 5 - - 35 5 44 5 - - - - 15 4 - - 25 4 25 4 25 6 32 5 32 5 24 5 32 5 40 5 36 5 - - - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 - - 30 5 30 5 45 5 45 5 33 4 80 3 - - 15 4 - - 25 4 25 4 - - - - - - 40 5 40 5 30 5 45 5 30 5 70 3 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics 30 4 50 4 50 4 70 5 70 5 70 5 50 4 - - 25 3 30 4 35 4 35 4 - - 50 4 50 4 50 4 60 5 60 4 70 5 50 4 - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 -3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - - - 31 S 32 AH 280 950 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - - - 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - 8 4 - - 6 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 4 8 3 - - - - 33 34 AH 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - - - 34 35 C 320 1080 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - - - 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - - - 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa - - - - - - - - - - 9 4 10 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9 4 8 3 - - 10 3 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - 8 3 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - - - 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - 8 3 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 - - - - 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC - - - - - - - - - - 10 4 - - 8 4 - - - - - - - - 10 4 - - - - - - - - 8 4 10 4 - - - - 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 20 5 15 5 25 6 - - - - 39 6 - - 35 6 10 5 16 5 20 5 20 5 20 5 20 5 20 5 - - - - 35 6 35 6 - - - - 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41 Condition: A (Annealed), AH (Age Hardened), C (Cast), HT (Hardened & Tempered), QT (Quenched & Tempered) Bold = Optimal | Regular = Effective Ø = nominal tap size (mm) n = spindle speed (RPM) v c = cutting speed (m/min) f = feed (mm/rev) v f = feed rate (mm/min) n = v c × 1000 v c x 318 Ø × π Ø v c = n x Ø × π n x Ø 1000 318 v f = f x n METRIC DRILLS (mm size)

16. 392 ISO VDI Material Group Sutton P A Steel N UNI M R Stainless Steel VA K F Cast Iron GG N N Non-Ferrous Metals, Aluminiums & Coppers AI W S S Titaniums & Super Alloys Ti Ni H H Hard Materials (≥ 45 HRC) H ^ VDI 3323 material groups can also be determined by referring to the workpiece material cross reference listing. Refer to main index of this section. Notes on Tapping 1. The speeds listed above are a recommendation only, and are based on depth of thread listed, speeds can be adjusted on application. As a general rule; -If hole depth required is less than above mentioned = increase speed -If hole depth required is more than above mentioned = reduce speed 2. Taps must be driven by the square to eliminate slippage, eg, ER-GB collets (square drive). 3. When using spiral flute taps with length compensation tapping attachment, it is recommended to short pitch the feed 95%, to eliminate tap cutting oversize, eg. M6x1 @ 1000RPM, Feedrate= 950mm/min. Application Guide Speeds & Feeds - Taps FOR TAPPING BLIND HOLES BLIND HOLES FOR TAPPING THROUGH HOLES Catalogue Code M T183 T185 T187 T189 T684 T231 T233 T235 T237 T241 T239 T197 T201 T203 T205 T207 T221 T227 T229 T209 T211 T213 T215 T217 T100 T102 T104 T687 T122 T124 T126 T128 T130 T110 T112 T114 T116 T118 T650 T120 T134 T140 T142 T144 T146 T148 T152 T217 MF T243 T244 T245 T247 T248 T686 T703 T249 T251 T250 T252 T655 T254 T707 T154 T156 T157 T689 T158 T161 T159 T160 T654 T163 T710 UNC T255 T256 T258 T260 T273 T691 T261 T262 T695 T266 T267 T265 T667 T790 T794 T164 T166 T167 T693 T170 T171 T697 T168 T169 T172 T666 T786 T794 UNF T274 T275 T701 T692 T276 T277 T696 T791 T795 T173 T702 T175 T694 T176 T177 T698 T787 T795 G (BSPF) T278 T279 T281 T282 T283 T699 T284 T285 T351 T352 T178 T179 T180 T700 T181 T182 T349 T350 Material HSSE V3 PMHSSE V3 HSSE V3 PM-HSSE V3 PM-HSS Co HSSE V3 PM-HSSE V3 HSSE V3 PM-HSSE V3 PM-HSS Co Surface Finish Brt TiN Brt Blu TiN Hard - lube Brt CrN Ni Blu TiN CrN Blu TiCN Blu TiCN Blu TiAlN Blu TiCN Brt Blu TiN Hard - lube Ni Blu CrN Brt TiN Blu TiCN Blu TiCN Blu TiCN Blu TiAlN Blu TiCN Sutton Designation N UNI Al W Cu VADH VA PM NH H Ti Ni N UNI W Cu W VA VA PM VADH NH H Ti Ni Geometry R15 R40 R50 R45 2 Flute R45 R50 IK R40 IK R15 IK R15 R10 Interrupted Threads IK ` IK IK L12 R10 Thread Depth ≤ 1.5xØ ≤ 3xØ ≤ 2.5xØ ≤ 1.5xØ ≤ 3xØ ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc (m/min) Vc (m/min) Vc (m/min) VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 10 14 10 11 14 17 - - 14 11 14 - 11 14 13 17 21 - - - - - - - - 12 13 18 22 18 13 - 12 18 13 18 16 22 26 16 22 - - - - - - - - 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 10 14 10 11 14 17 - - 14 11 14 - 11 14 13 17 21 - - - - - - - - 12 13 18 22 18 13 - 12 18 13 18 16 22 26 16 22 - - - - - - - - 2 3 QT 250 840 8 12 8 9 12 14 - - 12 9 12 - 9 12 11 14 17 11 14 17 - - - - - 10 11 15 18 15 11 - 10 15 11 15 13 18 22 13 18 13 18 22 - - - - - 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 9 13 9 10 13 16 - - 13 10 13 - - 13 - 16 19 12 16 19 - - - - - 11 12 17 20 17 12 - 11 17 12 17 15 20 24 15 20 15 20 24 - - - - - 4 5 QT 300 1010 - 11 - - 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 13 16 10 13 13 11 - - - 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 12 16 19 12 16 19 16 - 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 10 14 10 11 14 17 - - 14 11 14 - 11 14 13 17 21 - - - - - - - - 12 13 18 22 18 13 - 12 18 13 18 16 22 26 16 22 - - - - - - - - 6 7 QT 275 930 6 10 6 7 10 12 - - 10 7 10 - 7 10 8 12 14 8 12 14 - - - - - 8 9 12 14 12 9 - 8 12 9 12 11 14 17 11 14 11 14 17 - - - - - 7 8 QT 300 1010 - 7 - - 7 - - - - - - - - 7 - 9 10 6 9 10 6 9 9 7 - - - 9 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 11 13 8 11 13 11 - 8 9 QT 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 5 3 4 4 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 5 6 4 5 6 5 - 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 6 10 6 7 10 12 - - - - - - - 10 - 12 14 8 12 14 - - - 10 - 8 9 12 14 - - - - 12 - 12 11 14 17 11 14 11 14 17 - - - 14 - 10 11 HT 325 1100 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9 10 6 9 9 7 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 11 13 8 11 13 11 - 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - 6 - 4 6 7 - - - - - - 4 6 5 7 9 5 7 9 5 7 7 - - - 6 8 9 - - - 5 8 6 8 7 9 11 7 9 7 9 11 7 9 11 - - 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 - - - - - 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 5 - 4 4 4 - - - - 5 - - - - - - 5 - 5 6 - 5 4 5 6 4 5 6 5 - 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 - 7 - 5 7 9 - - - - - - 5 7 6 9 10 6 9 10 - - - - - - 7 9 11 - - - 6 9 7 9 8 11 13 8 11 8 11 13 - - - - - 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 - 5 - 4 5 6 - - - - - - 4 5 4 6 7 4 6 7 - - - - - - 4 6 7 - - - 4 6 4 6 5 7 9 5 7 5 7 9 - - - - - 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - 4 - 3 4 - - - - - - - 3 4 3 4 5 3 4 5 3 4 4 - - - 3 5 - - - - - - 3 5 4 5 6 4 5 4 5 6 4 5 6 - - 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 10 14 10 11 14 17 - - - - - - - - - - - 13 17 21 13 17 17 - - 12 13 18 22 - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 22 26 16 22 26 - - 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 - 12 - - 12 14 - - - - - - - - - - - 11 14 17 11 14 14 - - - - 15 18 - - - - - - - - - - - - 13 18 22 13 18 22 - - 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 10 14 10 11 14 17 - - - - - - - - - - - 13 17 21 13 17 17 - - 12 13 18 22 - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 22 26 16 22 26 - - 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 - 12 - - 12 14 - - - - - - - - - - - 11 14 17 11 14 14 - - - - 15 18 - - - - - - - - - - - - 13 18 22 13 18 22 - - 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 12 18 12 13 18 22 - - - - - - - - - - - 16 22 26 16 22 22 - - 15 17 23 27 - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 27 32 20 27 32 - - 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 10 14 10 11 14 17 - - - - - - - - - - - 13 17 21 13 17 17 - - 12 13 18 22 - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 22 26 16 22 26 - - 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 10 14 10 - 14 17 10 14 14 - 14 14 - 14 - 17 21 - 17 21 - - - - - 12 - 18 22 18 13 18 12 18 - 18 - 22 26 - 22 - - - - - - - - 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 12 18 12 - 18 22 12 18 18 - 18 18 - 18 - 22 26 - 22 26 - - - - - 15 - 23 27 23 17 23 15 23 - 23 - 27 32 - 27 - - - - - - - - 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 12 18 12 - 18 22 12 18 - - - - - 18 - 22 26 - 22 26 - - - - - 15 - 23 27 23 - 23 - - - 23 - 27 32 - 27 - 27 32 - - - - - 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 12 18 12 - 18 22 12 18 - - - - - 18 - 22 26 - 22 26 - - - - - 15 - 23 27 23 - 23 - - - 23 - 27 32 - 27 - 27 32 - - - - - 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 - - - - - 14 - - - - - - - - - 14 17 - 14 17 - 14 14 - - - - - 18 - - 15 - - - 15 - 18 22 - 18 - 18 22 - 18 22 - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 6 10 6 - 10 12 6 10 10 - 10 10 - 10 - 12 14 - 12 14 - - - - - 8 - 12 14 12 - 12 8 12 - 12 - 14 17 - 14 - 14 17 - - - - - 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 14 22 14 - 22 26 - - - - - - - - - - - - 26 31 19 26 26 - - 18 - 27 32 27 - 27 18 27 - - - - - - - - 32 39 24 32 39 - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 - - - - - - 11 17 17 - 17 17 - 17 - 20 24 - 20 24 - - - - - - - - - 21 - 21 14 21 - 21 - 25 30 - 25 - 25 30 - - - - - 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 - 4 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 - 5 6 - - - - - - - - - - 31 S 32 AH 280 950 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 - - - - - - - - - - - 4 - 5 5 - - - - - - - - 5 - 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 - 4 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 - 5 5 - - - - - - - - - - 33 34 AH 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 34 35 C 320 1080 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 - 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 11 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 14 16 - - 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 7 7 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7 9 11 9 - 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 7 7 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7 9 11 9 - 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 7 7 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7 9 11 9 - 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 4 4 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 5 6 5 - 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 3 3 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 4 4 4 - 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 6 4 5 6 - - 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 12 14 8 12 12 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11 14 17 11 14 17 - - 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41 Condition: A (Annealed), AH (Age Hardened), C (Cast), HT (Hardened & Tempered), QT (Quenched & Tempered) Bold = Optimal | Regular = Effective

15. 391 Ø 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 2.0 0.020 0.025 0.030 0.040 0.050 0.060 0.075 0.095 0.120 0.15 3.0 0.030 0.035 0.045 0.055 0.070 0.090 0.110 0.135 0.17 0.21 4.0 0.040 0.045 0.060 0.075 0.090 0.115 0.140 0.18 0.22 0.27 5.0 0.045 0.055 0.070 0.090 0.110 0.135 0.17 0.21 0.26 0.32 6.0 0.055 0.065 0.080 0.100 0.125 0.16 0.19 0.24 0.30 0.37 8.0 0.070 0.085 0.105 0.130 0.16 0.20 0.25 0.31 0.38 0.47 10.0 0.085 0.105 0.125 0.16 0.19 0.24 0.30 0.37 0.46 0.56 12.0 0.095 0.120 0.15 0.18 0.23 0.28 0.34 0.42 0.52 0.64 16.0 0.125 0.15 0.19 0.23 0.29 0.36 0.44 0.54 0.66 0.82 20.0 0.15 0.18 0.23 0.28 0.34 0.42 0.52 0.64 0.80 0.98 25.0 0.18 0.22 0.27 0.33 0.41 0.50 0.60 0.74 0.90 1.10 32.0 0.23 0.27 0.33 0.41 0.50 0.60 0.74 0.88 1.10 1.30 38.0 0.26 0.32 0.38 0.46 0.56 0.68 0.82 1.00 1.20 1.45 45.0 0.30 0.36 0.43 0.52 0.64 0.76 0.92 1.10 1.35 1.60 52.0 0.33 0.40 0.48 0.58 0.70 0.84 1.00 1.20 1.45 1.75 63.0 0.39 0.47 0.56 0.67 0.80 0.96 1.14 1.35 1.65 1.95 Feed Table (f) (mm/rev) Feed # Ø = nominal tap size (mm) n = spindle speed (RPM) v c = cutting speed (m/min) f = feed (mm/rev) v f = feed rate (mm/min) n = v c × 1000 v c x 318 Ø × π Ø v c = n x Ø × π n x Ø 1000 318 v f = f x n METRIC DRILLS (mm size) LONG SERIES EXTRA LENGTH TAPER SHANK REDUCED SHANK NC SPOTTING COUNTERBORES & COUNTERSINKS Catalogue Code D112 D113 D111 D170 D171 D197 D191 D194 D198 D192 D195 D199 D193 D196 D187 D115 D141 D140 D188 D175 D176 C107 C108 C105 C106 C100 Material HSS HSS Co HSS HSS Co HSS HSS Co HSS HSS HSS Co HSS HSS HSS Co HSS HSS HSS Co HSS Co HSS HSS Co Surface Finish Brt Blu TiN Brt TiAlN Brt Ni+Blu TiAlN Brt Ni+Blu TiAlN Brt Ni+Blu TiAlN Brt Blu Colour Temp Blu Blu TiN Brt TiAlN Brt TiN Brt Sutton Designation N NH N NH N NH N NH N N Tough Mat N N N N UNI Machine Use N Geometry R30 R40 R40 R40 R30 R30 R30 90° 120° 90° - Drilling Depth ≤ 7xØ ≤ 10xØ ≤ 12xØ ≤ 14xØ ≤ 14xØ - ≤ 5xØ ≤ 8xØ ≤ 5xØ - - ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 16 5 16 5 19 5 25 5 30 5 21 5 21 5 25 5 16 5 16 5 20 5 16 5 16 5 20 5 16 5 32 5 38 5 32 5 32 5 35 4 35 4 36 3 44 3 25 3 31 3 30 3 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 13 5 13 5 15 5 13 5 16 5 11 5 11 5 13 5 8 5 8 5 10 5 8 5 8 5 10 5 8 5 32 5 38 5 32 5 32 5 25 4 25 4 30 3 36 3 21 3 25 3 30 3 2 3 QT 250 840 10 5 10 5 12 5 13 5 16 5 11 5 11 5 13 5 8 5 8 5 10 5 8 5 8 5 10 5 8 5 25 5 30 5 25 5 25 5 20 4 20 4 30 2 36 2 21 2 25 2 30 3 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 10 5 10 5 12 5 13 5 16 5 11 5 11 5 13 5 8 5 8 5 10 5 8 5 8 5 10 5 8 5 25 5 30 5 25 5 25 5 20 4 20 4 30 2 36 2 21 2 25 2 30 3 4 5 QT 300 1010 - - - - - - 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 10 4 8 4 15 4 18 4 15 4 15 4 15 3 15 3 14 1 16 1 - - 11 1 12 1 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 10 5 10 5 12 5 13 5 16 5 11 5 11 5 13 5 8 5 8 5 10 5 8 5 8 5 10 5 8 5 25 5 30 5 25 5 25 5 20 4 20 4 30 2 36 2 21 2 25 2 30 3 6 7 QT 275 930 10 4 10 4 12 4 13 4 16 4 11 4 11 4 13 4 8 4 8 4 10 4 8 4 8 4 10 4 8 4 25 4 30 4 25 4 25 4 15 4 15 4 18 2 22 2 12 2 15 2 15 2 7 8 QT 300 1010 - - - - - - 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 10 4 8 4 15 4 18 4 15 4 15 4 15 3 15 3 14 1 16 1 - - 11 1 12 1 8 9 QT 350 1180 - - - - - - - - 8 4 - - - - 8 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 1 - - - - 10 1 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 - - 10 5 12 5 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 10 4 8 4 15 4 18 4 15 4 15 4 15 3 15 3 14 1 16 1 10 1 11 1 12 1 10 11 HT 325 1100 - - - - - - - - 8 4 - - - - 8 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 1 - - - - 10 1 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - - - - - - - 10 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - 10 2 10 2 10 1 12 1 - - - - 14 1 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 - - - - - - - - 8 4 - - - - 8 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - - - - - - - 12 3 12 3 - - 10 1 - - - - 10 1 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 7 4 7 4 5 4 8 4 10 4 8 4 8 4 10 4 8 4 8 4 10 4 8 4 8 4 10 4 - - 8 4 12 4 8 4 8 4 10 3 10 3 12 2 14 2 - - 10 2 16 2 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 4 6 4 6 4 15 2 15 2 10 1 12 1 - - 8 1 12 1 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - - - - - - - - 10 4 8 4 8 4 10 4 8 4 8 4 10 4 8 4 8 4 10 4 - - - - 10 4 - - - - 10 2 10 2 10 1 12 1 - - 8 1 14 1 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 16 6 16 6 7 6 16 6 19 6 12 6 12 6 15 6 10 6 10 6 12 6 10 6 10 6 12 6 10 6 32 5 38 5 32 5 32 5 30 5 30 5 24 2 28 2 17 2 20 2 25 2 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 - - 13 5 6 5 13 5 16 5 - - 11 5 13 5 - - 8 5 10 5 - - 8 5 10 5 8 5 25 5 30 5 25 5 - - 20 4 20 4 24 2 28 2 17 2 20 2 16 2 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 13 6 13 6 7 6 13 6 16 6 11 6 11 6 13 6 8 6 8 6 10 6 8 6 8 6 10 6 8 6 20 5 25 5 20 5 20 5 20 4 20 4 20 2 25 2 15 2 15 2 20 2 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 - - 13 6 7 6 13 6 16 6 - - 11 6 13 6 - - 8 6 10 6 - - 8 6 10 6 8 6 20 5 25 5 20 5 - - 20 4 20 4 20 2 25 2 15 2 15 2 20 2 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 - - 13 6 7 6 13 6 16 6 11 6 11 6 13 6 8 6 8 6 10 6 8 6 8 6 10 6 8 6 20 5 25 5 20 5 20 5 20 4 20 4 20 2 25 2 15 2 15 2 20 2 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 - - 13 6 7 6 13 6 16 6 - - 11 6 13 6 - - 8 6 10 6 - - 8 6 10 6 8 6 20 5 25 5 20 5 - - 20 4 20 4 20 2 25 2 15 2 15 2 20 2 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 20 5 20 5 - - 41 6 - - 26 6 26 6 - - 21 6 21 6 - - 21 6 21 6 - - 21 6 - - 96 6 - - 80 6 50 5 50 5 48 4 58 4 34 4 41 4 80 4 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 20 5 20 5 - - 41 6 - - 26 6 26 6 - - 21 6 21 6 - - 21 6 21 6 - - 21 6 - - 96 6 - - 80 6 50 5 50 5 48 4 58 4 34 4 41 4 80 4 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 10 4 - - 18 5 22 5 26 5 16 5 16 5 20 5 13 5 13 5 16 5 13 5 13 5 16 5 13 5 - - 72 5 - - 60 5 35 4 35 4 36 4 44 4 25 3 31 3 60 3 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 10 4 - - 18 5 22 5 26 5 16 5 16 5 20 5 13 5 13 5 16 5 13 5 13 5 16 5 13 5 - - 72 5 - - 60 5 35 4 35 4 36 4 44 4 25 3 31 3 60 3 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 - - - - - - - - 18 5 - - - - 18 5 - - - - 16 5 - - - - 16 5 - - - - - - - - - - 30 4 30 4 30 4 44 4 - - - - - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 20 5 - - 18 5 31 5 38 5 26 5 26 5 31 5 21 5 21 5 25 5 21 5 21 5 25 5 21 5 - - 30 6 - - 25 6 40 4 40 4 78 2 94 2 55 2 66 2 80 2 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 - - - - - - 22 5 26 5 16 5 16 5 20 5 13 5 13 5 16 5 13 5 13 5 16 5 13 5 - - 19 3 - - 16 3 30 4 30 4 48 2 58 2 34 2 40 2 - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 30 5 - - 18 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38 6 - - 32 6 50 4 50 4 60 2 72 2 42 2 50 2 80 2 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics 20 3 - - - - - - 40 4 - - - - 40 4 - - - - 40 4 - - - - 40 4 - - - - - - - - - - 30 4 30 4 30 4 44 4 - - - - - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9 2 9 2 5 2 8 2 - - - - - - 31 S 32 AH 280 950 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 2 8 2 4 2 5 2 - - - - - - 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9 2 9 2 5 2 8 2 - - - - - - 33 34 AH 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 2 8 2 - - 5 2 - - - - - - 34 35 C 320 1080 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 2 - - - - - - 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 3 10 3 - - - - - - 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 2 8 2 7 3 9 3 - - - - - - 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 2 8 2 7 3 9 3 - - - - - - 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 2 - - - - - - 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 2 8 2 7 3 9 3 - - - - - - 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 2 - - - - - - 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 3 10 3 - - - - - - - - - - 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 13 5 13 5 6 5 13 5 16 5 - - 11 5 13 5 - - 8 5 10 5 - - 8 5 10 5 8 5 25 5 30 5 25 5 25 5 20 4 20 4 24 2 28 2 17 2 20 2 16 2 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41 Condition: A (Annealed), AH (Age Hardened), C (Cast), HT (Hardened & Tempered), QT (Quenched & Tempered) Bold = Optimal | Regular = Effective

17. 393 Ø = nominal tap size (mm) P = thread pitch (mm) n = spindle speed (RPM) v c = cutting speed (m/min) v f = feed rate (mm/min) v r = feed rate per rev (mm/rev) n = v c × 1000 v c x 318 Ø × π Ø v c = n x Ø × π n x Ø 1000 318 v f = n x P METRIC TAPS (mm size) Ø = nominal tap size (inch) TPI = thread count per inch (TPI) n = spindle speed (RPM) v c = cutting speed (m/min) v f = feed rate (mm/min) v r = feed rate per rev (mm/rev) n = v c × 1000 v c x 12.5 Ø × π x 25.4 Ø v c = n x Ø × π x 25.4 n x Ø 1000 12.5 v f = n x 25.4 TPI IMPERIAL TAPS (inch size) FOR TAPPING BLIND HOLES BLIND HOLES FOR TAPPING THROUGH HOLES Catalogue Code M T183 T185 T187 T189 T684 T231 T233 T235 T237 T241 T239 T197 T201 T203 T205 T207 T221 T227 T229 T209 T211 T213 T215 T217 T100 T102 T104 T687 T122 T124 T126 T128 T130 T110 T112 T114 T116 T118 T650 T120 T134 T140 T142 T144 T146 T148 T152 T217 MF T243 T244 T245 T247 T248 T686 T703 T249 T251 T250 T252 T655 T254 T707 T154 T156 T157 T689 T158 T161 T159 T160 T654 T163 T710 UNC T255 T256 T258 T260 T273 T691 T261 T262 T695 T266 T267 T265 T667 T790 T794 T164 T166 T167 T693 T170 T171 T697 T168 T169 T172 T666 T786 T794 UNF T274 T275 T701 T692 T276 T277 T696 T791 T795 T173 T702 T175 T694 T176 T177 T698 T787 T795 G (BSPF) T278 T279 T281 T282 T283 T699 T284 T285 T351 T352 T178 T179 T180 T700 T181 T182 T349 T350 Material HSSE V3 PMHSSE V3 HSSE V3 PM-HSSE V3 PM-HSS Co HSSE V3 PM-HSSE V3 HSSE V3 PM-HSSE V3 PM-HSS Co Surface Finish Brt TiN Brt Blu TiN Hard - lube Brt CrN Ni Blu TiN CrN Blu TiCN Blu TiCN Blu TiAlN Blu TiCN Brt Blu TiN Hard - lube Ni Blu CrN Brt TiN Blu TiCN Blu TiCN Blu TiCN Blu TiAlN Blu TiCN Sutton Designation N UNI Al W Cu VADH VA PM NH H Ti Ni N UNI W Cu W VA VA PM VADH NH H Ti Ni Geometry R15 R40 R50 R45 2 Flute R45 R50 IK R40 IK R15 IK R15 R10 Interrupted Threads IK ` IK IK L12 R10 Thread Depth ≤ 1.5xØ ≤ 3xØ ≤ 2.5xØ ≤ 1.5xØ ≤ 3xØ ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc (m/min) Vc (m/min) Vc (m/min) VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 10 14 10 11 14 17 - - 14 11 14 - 11 14 13 17 21 - - - - - - - - 12 13 18 22 18 13 - 12 18 13 18 16 22 26 16 22 - - - - - - - - 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 10 14 10 11 14 17 - - 14 11 14 - 11 14 13 17 21 - - - - - - - - 12 13 18 22 18 13 - 12 18 13 18 16 22 26 16 22 - - - - - - - - 2 3 QT 250 840 8 12 8 9 12 14 - - 12 9 12 - 9 12 11 14 17 11 14 17 - - - - - 10 11 15 18 15 11 - 10 15 11 15 13 18 22 13 18 13 18 22 - - - - - 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 9 13 9 10 13 16 - - 13 10 13 - - 13 - 16 19 12 16 19 - - - - - 11 12 17 20 17 12 - 11 17 12 17 15 20 24 15 20 15 20 24 - - - - - 4 5 QT 300 1010 - 11 - - 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 13 16 10 13 13 11 - - - 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 12 16 19 12 16 19 16 - 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 10 14 10 11 14 17 - - 14 11 14 - 11 14 13 17 21 - - - - - - - - 12 13 18 22 18 13 - 12 18 13 18 16 22 26 16 22 - - - - - - - - 6 7 QT 275 930 6 10 6 7 10 12 - - 10 7 10 - 7 10 8 12 14 8 12 14 - - - - - 8 9 12 14 12 9 - 8 12 9 12 11 14 17 11 14 11 14 17 - - - - - 7 8 QT 300 1010 - 7 - - 7 - - - - - - - - 7 - 9 10 6 9 10 6 9 9 7 - - - 9 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 11 13 8 11 13 11 - 8 9 QT 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 5 3 4 4 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 5 6 4 5 6 5 - 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 6 10 6 7 10 12 - - - - - - - 10 - 12 14 8 12 14 - - - 10 - 8 9 12 14 - - - - 12 - 12 11 14 17 11 14 11 14 17 - - - 14 - 10 11 HT 325 1100 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9 10 6 9 9 7 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 11 13 8 11 13 11 - 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - 6 - 4 6 7 - - - - - - 4 6 5 7 9 5 7 9 5 7 7 - - - 6 8 9 - - - 5 8 6 8 7 9 11 7 9 7 9 11 7 9 11 - - 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 - - - - - 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 5 - 4 4 4 - - - - 5 - - - - - - 5 - 5 6 - 5 4 5 6 4 5 6 5 - 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 - 7 - 5 7 9 - - - - - - 5 7 6 9 10 6 9 10 - - - - - - 7 9 11 - - - 6 9 7 9 8 11 13 8 11 8 11 13 - - - - - 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 - 5 - 4 5 6 - - - - - - 4 5 4 6 7 4 6 7 - - - - - - 4 6 7 - - - 4 6 4 6 5 7 9 5 7 5 7 9 - - - - - 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 - 4 - 3 4 - - - - - - - 3 4 3 4 5 3 4 5 3 4 4 - - - 3 5 - - - - - - 3 5 4 5 6 4 5 4 5 6 4 5 6 - - 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 10 14 10 11 14 17 - - - - - - - - - - - 13 17 21 13 17 17 - - 12 13 18 22 - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 22 26 16 22 26 - - 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 - 12 - - 12 14 - - - - - - - - - - - 11 14 17 11 14 14 - - - - 15 18 - - - - - - - - - - - - 13 18 22 13 18 22 - - 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 10 14 10 11 14 17 - - - - - - - - - - - 13 17 21 13 17 17 - - 12 13 18 22 - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 22 26 16 22 26 - - 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 - 12 - - 12 14 - - - - - - - - - - - 11 14 17 11 14 14 - - - - 15 18 - - - - - - - - - - - - 13 18 22 13 18 22 - - 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 12 18 12 13 18 22 - - - - - - - - - - - 16 22 26 16 22 22 - - 15 17 23 27 - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 27 32 20 27 32 - - 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 10 14 10 11 14 17 - - - - - - - - - - - 13 17 21 13 17 17 - - 12 13 18 22 - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 22 26 16 22 26 - - 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 10 14 10 - 14 17 10 14 14 - 14 14 - 14 - 17 21 - 17 21 - - - - - 12 - 18 22 18 13 18 12 18 - 18 - 22 26 - 22 - - - - - - - - 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 12 18 12 - 18 22 12 18 18 - 18 18 - 18 - 22 26 - 22 26 - - - - - 15 - 23 27 23 17 23 15 23 - 23 - 27 32 - 27 - - - - - - - - 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 12 18 12 - 18 22 12 18 - - - - - 18 - 22 26 - 22 26 - - - - - 15 - 23 27 23 - 23 - - - 23 - 27 32 - 27 - 27 32 - - - - - 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 12 18 12 - 18 22 12 18 - - - - - 18 - 22 26 - 22 26 - - - - - 15 - 23 27 23 - 23 - - - 23 - 27 32 - 27 - 27 32 - - - - - 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 - - - - - 14 - - - - - - - - - 14 17 - 14 17 - 14 14 - - - - - 18 - - 15 - - - 15 - 18 22 - 18 - 18 22 - 18 22 - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 6 10 6 - 10 12 6 10 10 - 10 10 - 10 - 12 14 - 12 14 - - - - - 8 - 12 14 12 - 12 8 12 - 12 - 14 17 - 14 - 14 17 - - - - - 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 14 22 14 - 22 26 - - - - - - - - - - - - 26 31 19 26 26 - - 18 - 27 32 27 - 27 18 27 - - - - - - - - 32 39 24 32 39 - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 - - - - - - 11 17 17 - 17 17 - 17 - 20 24 - 20 24 - - - - - - - - - 21 - 21 14 21 - 21 - 25 30 - 25 - 25 30 - - - - - 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 - 4 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 - 5 6 - - - - - - - - - - 31 S 32 AH 280 950 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 - - - - - - - - - - - 4 - 5 5 - - - - - - - - 5 - 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 - 4 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 - 5 5 - - - - - - - - - - 33 34 AH 350 1180 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 34 35 C 320 1080 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 - 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 11 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 14 16 - - 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 7 7 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7 9 11 9 - 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 7 7 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7 9 11 9 - 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 7 7 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7 9 11 9 - 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 4 4 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 5 6 5 - 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 3 3 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 4 4 4 - 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 6 4 5 6 - - 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 12 14 8 12 12 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11 14 17 11 14 17 - - 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41 Condition: A (Annealed), AH (Age Hardened), C (Cast), HT (Hardened & Tempered), QT (Quenched & Tempered) Bold = Optimal | Regular = Effective

10. 386 ISO VDI Material Group Sutton P A Steel N UNI M R Stainless Steel VA K F Cast Iron GG N N Non-Ferrous Metals, Aluminiums & Coppers AI W S S Titaniums & Super Alloys Ti Ni H H Hard Materials (≥ 45 HRC) H ^ VDI 3323 material groups can also be determined by referring to the workpiece material cross reference listing. Refer to main index of this section. Application Guide Speeds & Feeds - Car bide Drills Notes on Drilling 1. Step feeding or pecking is required for drilling greater than 3 x Ø. 2. When drilling cast surface & black (ie.not machined surface), reduce drilling speed by 20%. 3. For optimal positional accuracy and hole size, the use of spot drills is recommended prior to drilling desired hole, refer to our standard range (D175). 4. For hole depths greater than 7 x Ø, pre-drill initially to pilot start for more accurate hole position and eliminate drill wandering. The pilot can be drilled with short rigid drill, approx. 3 x Ø in depth and reduced feed to ensure accurate pilot hole. STUB JOBBER LONG EXTRA LONG SPOTTING Catalogue Code D323 D329 D356 D300 D306 D304 D310 D326 D332 D358 D335 D371 D355 D364 D365 D366 Material VHM VHM VHM VHM VHM Surface Finish AlCrN HELICA Brt TiCN Brt TiCN AlCrN HELICA AlCrN AlCrN Tip Brt AlCrN Brt AlCrN Sutton Designation N VA GG NH N VA N N N Geometry R30 R30 - IK R30 - IK Straight Flute R15 R30 R30 - IK R30 - IK R30 - IK R30 - IK 90° 90° 142° 142° Drilling Depth ≤ 3xØ ≤ 3xØ ≤ 3xØ ≤ 5xØ ≤ 8xØ ≤ 12xØ - ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 90 8 130 8 130-180 7 - - - - - - - - 90 8 130 8 130-180 7 100 8 80 8 - - 96 6 - - 96 6 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 90 8 130 8 110-160 7 - - - - - - - - 90 8 130 8 110-160 7 100 8 80 8 - - 96 6 - - 96 6 2 3 QT 250 840 85 8 110 8 110-160 7 - - - - 80 4 100 4 85 8 110 8 110-160 7 80 7 60 7 65 5 78 6 65 5 78 6 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 85 8 110 8 110-160 7 - - - - 80 4 100 4 85 8 110 8 110-160 7 80 7 60 7 65 5 78 6 65 5 78 6 4 5 QT 300 1010 50 6 70 6 70-100 7 - - - - 55 3 70 3 50 6 70 6 70-100 7 60 6 50 6 50 4 60 5 50 4 60 5 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 85 8 110 8 110-160 7 - - - - - - - - 85 8 110 8 110-160 7 80 7 60 7 - - 78 6 - - 78 6 6 7 QT 275 930 65 7 80 7 110-160 7 - - - - 70 3 85 3 65 7 80 7 110-160 7 80 7 60 7 60 5 72 6 60 5 72 6 7 8 QT 300 1010 50 6 70 6 70-100 7 - - - - 55 3 70 3 50 6 70 6 110-160 7 60 6 50 6 50 4 60 5 50 4 60 5 8 9 QT 350 1180 30 5 35 5 - - 40 2 60 2 40 3 60 3 30 5 35 5 - - 30 5 - - - - 60 5 - - 60 5 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 50 6 70 6 90-120 7 - - - - 55 3 70 3 50 6 70 6 90-120 7 60 6 50 6 50 4 60 5 50 4 60 5 10 11 HT 325 1100 30 5 35 5 - - 40 2 60 2 40 3 60 3 30 5 35 5 - - 30 5 - - - - 60 5 - - 60 5 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - 30 4 40-50 5 - - - - 40 3 60 3 - - 25 4 30-50 5 - - - - - - 35 3 - - 35 3 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 30 5 35 5 40-50 5 40 2 60 2 40 3 60 3 30 5 35 5 40-50 5 30 5 - - - - 60 5 - - 60 5 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 - - 50 5 50-70 5 - - - - - - - - - - 40 5 50-70 5 45 5 40 5 40 3 50 4 40 3 50 4 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 - - 40 4 40-60 5 - - - - 25 3 30 3 - - 35 4 40-60 5 - - 30 4 35 3 40 3 35 3 40 3 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 20 4 30 4 40-50 5 - - - - 25 3 30 3 20 4 25 4 30-50 5 - - - - 30 3 35 3 30 3 35 3 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 75 6 150 9 - - 90 3 100 3 90 3 100 3 75 6 150 9 - - 90 8 80 8 70 5 84 6 70 5 84 6 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 65 6 120 8 - - 80 3 85 3 80 3 85 3 65 6 120 8 - - 80 8 70 8 70 4 84 5 70 4 84 5 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 65 5 100 8 - - 80 3 85 3 80 3 85 3 65 5 100 8 - - 70 7 60 7 70 4 84 5 70 4 84 5 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 65 5 100 8 - - 80 3 85 3 80 3 85 3 65 5 100 8 - - 70 7 60 7 70 4 84 5 70 4 84 5 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 65 5 100 8 - - 80 3 85 3 80 3 85 3 65 5 100 8 - - 70 7 60 7 70 4 84 5 70 4 84 5 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 65 5 100 8 - - 80 3 85 3 80 3 85 3 65 5 100 8 - - 70 7 60 7 70 4 84 5 70 4 84 5 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 - - - - 300-400 8 - - - - 100-160 4 140-200 4 - - - - 300-400 8 - - - - 200 5 - - 200 5 - - 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 - - - - 300-400 8 - - - - 100-160 4 140-200 4 - - - - 300-400 8 - - - - 200 5 - - 200 5 - - 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 - - - - 220-320 8 80 5 100 6 100-160 4 140-200 4 - - - - 220-320 8 - - - - 180 4 - - 180 4 - - 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 - - - - 220-320 8 80 5 100 6 100-160 4 140-200 4 - - - - 220-320 8 - - - - 180 4 - - 180 4 - - 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 - - 200 7 200-280 7 80 5 100 6 100-160 4 140-200 4 - - 250 7 200-280 7 - - - - 180 4 - - 180 4 - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 - - 200 7 - - 80 5 100 6 100-160 4 140-200 4 - - 250 7 - - - - - - 130 4 - - 130 4 - - 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 - - 200 7 - - 80 4 100 5 100-160 4 140-200 4 - - 250 7 - - - - - - 150 4 - - 150 4 - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 - - 200 7 - - - - - - 100-160 4 140-200 4 - - 250 7 - - - - - - 200 4 - - 200 4 - - 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics - - - - - - - - - - 50-280 6 50-280 6 - - - - - - - - - - 60 4 - - 60 4 - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - 35 4 30-40 4 - - - - - - - - - - 35 4 30-40 4 - - - - - - 40 5 - - 40 3 31 S 32 AH 280 950 - - 30 4 30-40 4 - - - - - - - - - - 30 4 30-40 4 - - - - - - 35 5 - - 35 3 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - 35 4 30-40 4 - - - - - - - - - - 35 4 30-40 4 - - - - - - 40 5 - - 40 3 33 34 AH 350 1180 - - 30 4 25 3 - - - - - - - - - - 30 4 25-35 3 - - - - - - 30 4 - - 30 3 34 35 C 320 1080 - - 30 4 30-40 4 - - - - - - - - - - 30 4 30-40 4 - - - - - - 35 5 - - 35 3 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa 40 4 45 5 50-70 4 - - - - - - - - 40 4 45 5 50-70 4 - - - - 40 3 50 3 40 3 50 3 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa 35 3 40 4 40-60 4 - - - - - - - - 35 3 40 4 40-60 4 - - - - 40 3 50 3 40 3 50 3 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa 35 3 40 4 40-60 4 - - - - - - - - 35 3 40 4 40-60 4 - - - - 40 3 50 3 40 3 50 3 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - 35 4 30-50 4 - - - - - - - - - - 35 4 30-50 4 - - - - 35 3 45 3 35 3 45 3 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa 35 3 40 4 40-60 4 - - - - - - - - 35 3 40 4 40-60 4 - - - - 40 3 50 3 40 3 50 3 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - 35 4 30-50 4 - - - - - - - - - - 35 4 30-50 4 - - - - 35 3 45 3 35 3 45 3 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC 20 4 25 4 - - 40 2 60 2 40 2 60 2 20 4 25 4 - - - - - - 40 3 48 3 40 3 48 3 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - 30 2 40 2 - - - - - - - - - - 30 3 36 3 30 3 36 3 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 3 36 3 30 3 36 3 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 3 36 3 30 3 36 3 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 65 6 120 8 - - 80 3 85 3 80 3 85 3 65 6 120 8 - - - - 70 8 70 3 84 3 70 3 84 3 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 3 36 3 30 3 36 3 41 Condition: A (Annealed), AH (Age Hardened), C (Cast), HT (Hardened & Tempered), QT (Quenched & Tempered) Bold = Optimal | Regular = Effective

11. 387 Ø 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 2.0 0.020 0.025 0.030 0.040 0.050 0.060 0.075 0.095 0.120 0.15 3.0 0.030 0.035 0.045 0.055 0.070 0.090 0.110 0.135 0.17 0.21 4.0 0.040 0.045 0.060 0.075 0.090 0.115 0.140 0.18 0.22 0.27 5.0 0.045 0.055 0.070 0.090 0.110 0.135 0.17 0.21 0.26 0.32 6.0 0.055 0.065 0.080 0.100 0.125 0.16 0.19 0.24 0.30 0.37 8.0 0.070 0.085 0.105 0.130 0.16 0.20 0.25 0.31 0.38 0.47 10.0 0.085 0.105 0.125 0.16 0.19 0.24 0.30 0.37 0.46 0.56 12.0 0.095 0.120 0.15 0.18 0.23 0.28 0.34 0.42 0.52 0.64 16.0 0.125 0.15 0.19 0.23 0.29 0.36 0.44 0.54 0.66 0.82 20.0 0.15 0.18 0.23 0.28 0.34 0.42 0.52 0.64 0.80 0.98 25.0 0.18 0.22 0.27 0.33 0.41 0.50 0.60 0.74 0.90 1.10 Feed Table (f) (mm/rev) Feed # Ø = nominal tap size (mm) n = spindle speed (RPM) v c = cutting speed (m/min) f = feed (mm/rev) v f = feed rate (mm/min) n = v c × 1000 v c x 318 Ø × π Ø v c = n x Ø × π n x Ø 1000 318 v f = f x n METRIC DRILLS (mm size) STUB JOBBER LONG EXTRA LONG SPOTTING Catalogue Code D323 D329 D356 D300 D306 D304 D310 D326 D332 D358 D335 D371 D355 D364 D365 D366 Material VHM VHM VHM VHM VHM Surface Finish AlCrN HELICA Brt TiCN Brt TiCN AlCrN HELICA AlCrN AlCrN Tip Brt AlCrN Brt AlCrN Sutton Designation N VA GG NH N VA N N N Geometry R30 R30 - IK R30 - IK Straight Flute R15 R30 R30 - IK R30 - IK R30 - IK R30 - IK 90° 90° 142° 142° Drilling Depth ≤ 3xØ ≤ 3xØ ≤ 3xØ ≤ 5xØ ≤ 8xØ ≤ 12xØ - ISO VDI^ 3323 Material Condition HB N/mm 2 Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # Vc Feed # VDI^ 3323 ISO P 1 Steel - Non-alloy, cast & free cutting ~ 0.15 %C A 125 440 90 8 130 8 130-180 7 - - - - - - - - 90 8 130 8 130-180 7 100 8 80 8 - - 96 6 - - 96 6 1 P 2 ~ 0.45 %C A 190 640 90 8 130 8 110-160 7 - - - - - - - - 90 8 130 8 110-160 7 100 8 80 8 - - 96 6 - - 96 6 2 3 QT 250 840 85 8 110 8 110-160 7 - - - - 80 4 100 4 85 8 110 8 110-160 7 80 7 60 7 65 5 78 6 65 5 78 6 3 4 ~ 0.75 %C A 270 910 85 8 110 8 110-160 7 - - - - 80 4 100 4 85 8 110 8 110-160 7 80 7 60 7 65 5 78 6 65 5 78 6 4 5 QT 300 1010 50 6 70 6 70-100 7 - - - - 55 3 70 3 50 6 70 6 70-100 7 60 6 50 6 50 4 60 5 50 4 60 5 5 6 Steel - Low alloy & cast < 5% of alloying elements A 180 610 85 8 110 8 110-160 7 - - - - - - - - 85 8 110 8 110-160 7 80 7 60 7 - - 78 6 - - 78 6 6 7 QT 275 930 65 7 80 7 110-160 7 - - - - 70 3 85 3 65 7 80 7 110-160 7 80 7 60 7 60 5 72 6 60 5 72 6 7 8 QT 300 1010 50 6 70 6 70-100 7 - - - - 55 3 70 3 50 6 70 6 110-160 7 60 6 50 6 50 4 60 5 50 4 60 5 8 9 QT 350 1180 30 5 35 5 - - 40 2 60 2 40 3 60 3 30 5 35 5 - - 30 5 - - - - 60 5 - - 60 5 9 10 Steel - High alloy, cast & tool A 200 680 50 6 70 6 90-120 7 - - - - 55 3 70 3 50 6 70 6 90-120 7 60 6 50 6 50 4 60 5 50 4 60 5 10 11 HT 325 1100 30 5 35 5 - - 40 2 60 2 40 3 60 3 30 5 35 5 - - 30 5 - - - - 60 5 - - 60 5 11 12 Steel - Corrosion resistant & cast Ferritic / Martensitic A 200 680 - - 30 4 40-50 5 - - - - 40 3 60 3 - - 25 4 30-50 5 - - - - - - 35 3 - - 35 3 12 13 Martensitic QT 240 810 30 5 35 5 40-50 5 40 2 60 2 40 3 60 3 30 5 35 5 40-50 5 30 5 - - - - 60 5 - - 60 5 13 M 14.1 Stainless Steel Austenitic AH 180 610 - - 50 5 50-70 5 - - - - - - - - - - 40 5 50-70 5 45 5 40 5 40 3 50 4 40 3 50 4 14.1 M 14.2 Duplex 250 840 - - 40 4 40-60 5 - - - - 25 3 30 3 - - 35 4 40-60 5 - - 30 4 35 3 40 3 35 3 40 3 14.2 14.3 Precipitation Hardening 250 840 20 4 30 4 40-50 5 - - - - 25 3 30 3 20 4 25 4 30-50 5 - - - - 30 3 35 3 30 3 35 3 14.3 K 15 Cast Iron - Grey (GG) Ferritic / Pearlitic 180 610 75 6 150 9 - - 90 3 100 3 90 3 100 3 75 6 150 9 - - 90 8 80 8 70 5 84 6 70 5 84 6 15 K 16 Pearlitic 260 880 65 6 120 8 - - 80 3 85 3 80 3 85 3 65 6 120 8 - - 80 8 70 8 70 4 84 5 70 4 84 5 16 17 Cast Iron - Nodular (GGG) Ferritic 160 570 65 5 100 8 - - 80 3 85 3 80 3 85 3 65 5 100 8 - - 70 7 60 7 70 4 84 5 70 4 84 5 17 18 Pearlitic 250 840 65 5 100 8 - - 80 3 85 3 80 3 85 3 65 5 100 8 - - 70 7 60 7 70 4 84 5 70 4 84 5 18 19 Cast Iron - Malleable Ferritic 130 460 65 5 100 8 - - 80 3 85 3 80 3 85 3 65 5 100 8 - - 70 7 60 7 70 4 84 5 70 4 84 5 19 20 Pearlitic 230 780 65 5 100 8 - - 80 3 85 3 80 3 85 3 65 5 100 8 - - 70 7 60 7 70 4 84 5 70 4 84 5 20 N 21 Aluminum & Magnesium - wrought alloy Non Heat Treatable 60 210 - - - - 300-400 8 - - - - 100-160 4 140-200 4 - - - - 300-400 8 - - - - 200 5 - - 200 5 - - 21 N 22 Heat Treatable AH 100 360 - - - - 300-400 8 - - - - 100-160 4 140-200 4 - - - - 300-400 8 - - - - 200 5 - - 200 5 - - 22 23 Aluminum & Magnesium - cast alloy ≤12% Si Non Heat Treatable 75 270 - - - - 220-320 8 80 5 100 6 100-160 4 140-200 4 - - - - 220-320 8 - - - - 180 4 - - 180 4 - - 23 24 Heat Treatable AH 90 320 - - - - 220-320 8 80 5 100 6 100-160 4 140-200 4 - - - - 220-320 8 - - - - 180 4 - - 180 4 - - 24 25 Al & Mg - cast alloy >12% Si Non Heat Treatable 130 460 - - 200 7 200-280 7 80 5 100 6 100-160 4 140-200 4 - - 250 7 200-280 7 - - - - 180 4 - - 180 4 - - 25 26 Copper & Cu alloys (Brass/Bronze) Free cutting, Pb > 1% 110 390 - - 200 7 - - 80 5 100 6 100-160 4 140-200 4 - - 250 7 - - - - - - 130 4 - - 130 4 - - 26 27 Brass (CuZn, CuSnZn) 90 320 - - 200 7 - - 80 4 100 5 100-160 4 140-200 4 - - 250 7 - - - - - - 150 4 - - 150 4 - - 27 28 Bronze (CuSn) 100 360 - - 200 7 - - - - - - 100-160 4 140-200 4 - - 250 7 - - - - - - 200 4 - - 200 4 - - 28 29 Non-metallic - Thermosetting & fiber-reinforced plastics - - - - - - - - - - 50-280 6 50-280 6 - - - - - - - - - - 60 4 - - 60 4 - - 29 30 Non-metallic - Hard rubber, wood etc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 S 31 High temp. alloys Fe based A 200 680 - - 35 4 30-40 4 - - - - - - - - - - 35 4 30-40 4 - - - - - - 40 5 - - 40 3 31 S 32 AH 280 950 - - 30 4 30-40 4 - - - - - - - - - - 30 4 30-40 4 - - - - - - 35 5 - - 35 3 32 33 Ni / Co based A 250 840 - - 35 4 30-40 4 - - - - - - - - - - 35 4 30-40 4 - - - - - - 40 5 - - 40 3 33 34 AH 350 1180 - - 30 4 25 3 - - - - - - - - - - 30 4 25-35 3 - - - - - - 30 4 - - 30 3 34 35 C 320 1080 - - 30 4 30-40 4 - - - - - - - - - - 30 4 30-40 4 - - - - - - 35 5 - - 35 3 35 36 Titanium & Ti alloys CP Titanium 400 MPa 40 4 45 5 50-70 4 - - - - - - - - 40 4 45 5 50-70 4 - - - - 40 3 50 3 40 3 50 3 36 37.1 Alpha alloys 860 MPa 35 3 40 4 40-60 4 - - - - - - - - 35 3 40 4 40-60 4 - - - - 40 3 50 3 40 3 50 3 37.1 37.2 Alpha / Beta alloys A 960 MPa 35 3 40 4 40-60 4 - - - - - - - - 35 3 40 4 40-60 4 - - - - 40 3 50 3 40 3 50 3 37.2 37.3 AH 1170 MPa - - 35 4 30-50 4 - - - - - - - - - - 35 4 30-50 4 - - - - 35 3 45 3 35 3 45 3 37.3 37.4 Beta alloys A 830 MPa 35 3 40 4 40-60 4 - - - - - - - - 35 3 40 4 40-60 4 - - - - 40 3 50 3 40 3 50 3 37.4 37.5 AH 1400 MPa - - 35 4 30-50 4 - - - - - - - - - - 35 4 30-50 4 - - - - 35 3 45 3 35 3 45 3 37.5 H 3 8.1 Hardened steel HT 45 HRC 20 4 25 4 - - 40 2 60 2 40 2 60 2 20 4 25 4 - - - - - - 40 3 48 3 40 3 48 3 3 8.1 H 38.2 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - 30 2 40 2 - - - - - - - - - - 30 3 36 3 30 3 36 3 38.2 3 9.1 HT 58 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 3 36 3 30 3 36 3 3 9.1 39.2 HT 62 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 3 36 3 30 3 36 3 39.2 40 Cast Iron Chilled C 400 1350 65 6 120 8 - - 80 3 85 3 80 3 85 3 65 6 120 8 - - - - 70 8 70 3 84 3 70 3 84 3 40 41 HT 55 HRC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 3 36 3 30 3 36 3 41 Condition: A (Annealed), AH (Age Hardened), C (Cast), HT (Hardened & Tempered), QT (Quenched & Tempered) Bold = Optimal | Regular = Effective

Views

  • 2033 Total Views
  • 1660 Website Views

Actions

  • 0 Social Shares
  • 0 Likes
  • 0 Dislikes
  • 0 Comments

Share count

  • 0 Facebook
  • 0 Twitter
  • 0 LinkedIn
  • 0 Google+